Provided by: dpkg_1.13.11ubuntu6_i386 bug


       start-stop-daemon - start and stop system daemon programs


       start-stop-daemon -S|--start options [--] arguments

       start-stop-daemon -K|--stop options

       start-stop-daemon -H|--help

       start-stop-daemon -V|--version


       start-stop-daemon  is  used  to control the creation and termination of
       system-level processes.   Using  the  --exec,  --pidfile,  --user,  and
       --name  options,  start-stop-daemon  can be configured to find existing
       instances of a running process.

       With --start, start-stop-daemon checks for the existence of a specified
       process.  If such a process exists, start-stop-daemon does nothing, and
       exits with error status 1 (0 if --oknodo  is  specified).   If  such  a
       process  does  not  exist,  it  starts  an  instance,  using either the
       executable specified by --exec, (or, if specified, by --startas).   Any
       arguments  given  after -- on the command line are passed unmodified to
       the program being started.

       With --stop, start-stop-daemon also  checks  for  the  existence  of  a
       specified  process.   If such a process exists, start-stop-daemon sends
       it the signal specified by --signal, and exits with error status 0.  If
       such  a  process  does  not  exist,  start-stop-daemon exits with error
       status 1 (0 if --oknodo is specified).  If --retry  is  specified  then
       start-stop-daemon will check that the process(es) have terminated.

       Note  that  unless  --pidfile,  is  specified,  then  start-stop-daemon
       behaves similarly  to  killall(1).   start-stop-daemon  will  scan  the
       process  table  looking for any processes which match the process name,
       uid, and/or gid (if specified).   Any  matching  process  will  prevent
       --start  from starting the daemon.  All matching processes will be sent
       the KILL signal if --stop is specified.  For daemons which  have  long-
       lived  children  which need to live through a --stop you must specify a


       -x|--exec executable
              Check for  processes  that  are  instances  of  this  executable
              (according to /proc/pid/exe ).

       -p|--pidfile pid-file
              Check whether a process has created the file pid-file.

       -u|--user username|uid
              Check  for  processes owned by the user specified by username or

       -g|--group group|gid
              Change to group or gid when starting the process.

       -n|--name process-name
              Check for processes with the  name  process-name  (according  to

       -s|--signal signal
              With  --stop,  specifies  the  signal to send to processes being
              stopped (default 15).

       -R|--retry timeout|schedule
              With  --stop,  specifies  that  start-stop-daemon  is  to  check
              whether  the  process(es)  do  finish.  It will check repeatedly
              whether any matching processes are running, until none are.   If
              the  processes  do  not exit it will then take further action as
              determined by the schedule.

              If timeout is specified instead of schedule  then  the  schedule
              signal/timeout/KILL/timeout  is used, where signal is the signal
              specified with --signal.

              schedule is a list of at least two items  separated  by  slashes
              (/);  each  item  may be -signal-number or [-]signal-name, which
              means to send that signal, or timeout, which means to wait  that
              many  seconds  for processes to exit, or forever, which means to
              repeat the rest of the schedule forever if necessary.

              If the end of  the  schedule  is  reached  and  forever  is  not
              specified, then start-stop-daemon exits with error status 2.  If
              a schedule is specified, then any signal specified with --signal
              is ignored.

       -a|--startas pathname
              With  --start,  start the process specified by pathname.  If not
              specified, defaults to the argument given to --exec.

              Print actions that would be taken  and  set  appropriate  return
              value, but take no action.

              Return  exit  status 0 instead of 1 if no actions are (would be)

              Do  not  print  informational  messages;  only   display   error

       -c|--chuid username|uid
              Change to this username/uid before starting the process. You can
              also specify a group by appending a :, then the group or gid  in
              the  same way as you would for the ‘chown’ command (user:group).
              When using this option you must realize  that  the  primary  and
              supplemental  groups are set as well, even if the --group option
              is not specified.  The --group option is only  for  groups  that
              the  user  isn’t  normally  a member of (like adding per/process
              group membership for generic users like nobody).

       -r|--chroot root
              Chdir and chroot to root before  starting  the  process.  Please
              note that the pidfile is also written after the chroot.

       -d|--chdir path
              Chdir  to  path  before starting the process. This is done after
              the  chroot  if  the  -r|--chroot  option  is  set.   When   not
              specified,  start-stop-daemon  will  chdir to the root directory
              before starting the process.

              Typically used with programs that don’t  detach  on  their  own.
              This option will force start-stop-daemon to fork before starting
              the  process,  and  force  it  into  the  background.   WARNING:
              start-stop-daemon  cannot  check  the exit status if the process
              fails to execute for any reason. This is a last resort,  and  is
              only  meant  for  programs  that either make no sense forking on
              their own, or where it’s not feasible to add the code for it  to
              do this itself.

       -N|--nicelevel int
              This alters the prority of the process before starting it.

              Used  when  starting  a program that does not create its own pid
              file. This option will make start-stop-daemon  create  the  file
              referenced  with --pidfile and place the pid into it just before
              executing the  process.  Note,  it  will  not  be  removed  when
              stopping  the  program.   NOTE: This feature may not work in all
              cases. Most notably when the program being executed  forks  from
              its main process. Because of this it is usually only useful when
              combined with the --background option.

              Print verbose informational messages.

              Print help information; then exit.

              Print version information; then exit.


       Marek  Michalkiewicz  <>  based  on  a
       previous version by Ian Jackson <>.

       Manual page by Klee Dienes <>, partially reformatted by Ian