Provided by: file-rc_0.8.7_all bug


       update-rc.d - modify runlevel.conf to manage System-V init scripts


       update-rc.d [-n] [-f] name remove

       update-rc.d [-n] name defaults [NN | NN-start NN-stop]

       update-rc.d   [-n]   name   start|stop  NN  runlevel  runlevel  ...   .
              start|stop NN runlevel runlevel ...  . ...


       update-rc.d automatically updates /etc/runlevel.conf(5), a config file,
       which  simulates  the System V style init script links in only one text
       file.  These are  run  by  init(8)  when  changing  runlevels  and  are
       generally  used  to  start  and  stop  system services such as daemons.
       runlevel is one of the runlevels supported by init, 0123456789S, and NN
       is the two-digit sequence code used by init(8) to decide which order to
       run the scripts in.

       This manpage documents only the usage and behaviour of  update-rc.d(8).
       For  a discussion of the System V style init script arrangements please
       see init(8), runlevel.conf(5), and the Debian Policy Manual.


       When run with either the defaults, start, or stop options,  update-rc.d
       adds   a   line   to   /etc/runlevel.conf   pointing   to   the  script

       If any line pointing  to  name  already  exist  then  update-rc.d  does
       nothing.   This  is  so that the system administrator can rearrange the
       configuration, provided that they leave at least one  entry  remaining,
       without having their configuration overwritten.

       If defaults is used then update-rc.d adds an entry to start the service
       in runlevels 2,3,4,5 and stop  the  service  in  runlevels  0,1,6.   By
       default  all  the  links  will  have  sequence code 20, but this can be
       overridden by supplying one or two NN arguments; one argument overrides
       the  sequence  code  for  both  start  and  stop entries whereas of two
       arguments the first overrides the code  for  start  runlevels  and  the
       second that for stop runlevels.

       Instead  of  defaults  the  runlevels  in  which  to start and stop the
       service  may  be  specified  explicitly  using  a  series  of  sets  of

       Each  of  these  sets  starts with an argument start or stop to specify
       whether start or stop runlevel entries are to be created by  that  set.
       Then   follows   NN,   the  sequence  code  number  for  that  line  in
       /etc/runlevel.conf, and one  or  more  runlevel  numbers  as  a  single
       argument  each.  The set is terminated by an argument .  (a single full

       When explicit specification, rather than defaults, is used  there  will
       usually be one start and one stop set.  If different sequence codes are
       required in different runlevels then several start sets or several stop
       sets may be specified.

       The  script  /etc/init.d/name  must  exist before update-rc.d is run to
       create the links.


       When invoked with the remove option, update-rc.d removes any lines from
       /etc/runlevel.conf pointing to the script /etc/init.d/name.  The script
       must have been deleted already - update-rc.d checks for this.   update-
       rc.d  is  usually called from a package’s post-removal script when that
       script detects that its first argument is purge,  indicating  that  the
       user has requested the configuration for the package to be removed.


       -n     Don’t do anything, just show what we would do.

       -f     Force removal of symlinks even if /etc/init.d/name still exists.


       Insert line into runlevel.conf using the defaults:
          update-rc.d foobar defaults
       Equivalent command using explicit argument sets:
          update-rc.d foobar start 20 2 3 4 5 . stop 20 0 1 6 .


       There should be a way for the system administrator to specify at  least
       the  default  start  and  stop  runlevels  to  be  used by defaults and
       possibly to override other things as well.


              The directory containing the actual init scripts.

              The file containing the information used by init and managed  by

              Model for use by writers of init.d scripts.


       Debian Policy Manual,