Provided by: courier-base_0.47-13ubuntu5_i386 bug


       userdb - manipulate /etc/courier/userdb


       userdb addr set field=value ...

       userdb addr unset field ...

       userdb addr del

       userdb path/addr [ set | unset | del ] ...

       userdb -f file adr [ set | unset | del ] ...

       userdb -show path

       userdb -show path addr

       userdb -show -f file

       userdb -show -f file addr


       userdb  is  a  convenient  script to individually manipulate entries in
       /etc/courier/userdb.  See  makeuserdb(8)  for  a  description  of   its
       contents.   /etc/courier/userdb  can  always  be  edited using any text
       editor, but userdb is a convenient way to modify this file from another

       /etc/courier/userdb  can  also  be  a  subdirectory, instead of a file.
       Specify   foo/bar/addr    to    manipulate    addr    in    the    file
       /etc/courier/userdb/foo/bar.    You  can  also  use  the  -f  flag:  -f
       /etc/courier/userdb/foo/bar is equivalent.  Use whatever form makes the
       most sense to you.

       /etc/courier/userdb  must  not  have  any  group  or world permissions.
       That’s because its contents may  include  system  passwords  (depending
       upon the application which uses this virtual user account database).

       Each line in /etc/courier/userdb takes following form:


       addr specifies a unique virtual address. It is followed by a single tab
       character, then a list of  field=value  pairs,  separated  by  vertical
       slash characters. See makeuserdb(8) for field definitions.

       A  text  editor  can  be  used  to  add  blank  lines  or  comments  in
       /etc/courier/userdb.  Any blank lines or comments are  ignored  by  the
       userdb script.

       The  names  of  the  actual  fields,  and  their  contents, are defined
       entirely by applications that use the /etc/courier/userdb database, the
       userdb command just adds or removes arbitrary fields.

       For example:

              userdb default/info set mail=/home/mail/info

       This      command      accesses      the      address     "info"     in

       If the second argument to userdb is "set", the remaining arguments  are
       taken  as field=value pairs, which are added to the record for addr. If
       there is no record for addr, a new record will be appended to the file.
       If  addr  exists,  any  existing  values  of  any  specified fields are
       removed. If =value is missing, userdb stops and prompts for it. This is
       useful  if  you’re  setting  a password field, where you do not want to
       specify the password on the command line, which  can  be  seen  by  the
       ps(1)  command.  If userdb is being executed by a script, the value can
       be provided on standard input.

       Use "unset" to delete fields from an  existing  record.  Use  "del"  to
       delete all fields in the existing record, plus the record itself.

       If  the first argument to userdb is -show, userdb displays the contents
       of /etc/courier/userdb. If /etc/courier/userdb is a subdirectory,  path
       must refer to a specific file in /etc/courier/userdb. The -f option can
       be used instead of path in order to specify an arbitrary file.

       If addr is not specified, userdb produces a list, on  standard  output,
       containing  all  addresses  found  in the file, on per line. If addr is
       specified, userdb produces a list,  on  standard  output,  of  all  the
       fields in /etc/courier/userdb for this addr.

       The actual virtual account/address database is /etc/courier/userdb.dat.
       This is a binary database file. /etc/courier/userdb is the  plain  text
       version.  After  running  userdb,  execute the makeuserdb(8) command to
       rebuild /etc/courier/userdb.dat for the changes to take effect.


       addr must be unique.  If /etc/courier/userdb is  a  subdirectory,  it’s
       possible   to   create   the  same  addr  in  different  files  in  the
       subdirectory.  This is an error  that  is  not  currently  detected  by
       userdb,  however the subsequent makeuserdb(8) command will fail with an
       error message.


        /etc/courier/userdb - plain text file,  or  directory  of  plain  text

        .lock.filename - lock file for filename

        .tmp.filename - temporary file used to create new contents of filename


       makeuserdb(8), userdbpw(8)