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NAME

       perlfaq2 - 获取和学习 Perl (2003/10/16 04:57:38)

DESCRIPTION述
       从哪里寻找 Perl 的源程序和文档,支持以及相关事项

       Perlhttp://www.perl.com/CPAN/src/latest.tar.gz处取得。这个档案的格式是
       POSIX tar档案柜,再以 gzip格式压缩。

       Perl 可以在难以记数的平台上运行。几乎所有已知的 Unix 衍生版本都被支持
       (Perl 的本地平台),还有其他操作系统平台,类似 VMS, DOS, OS/2, Windows,
       QNX, BeOS, OS X, MPE/iX 和 Amiga.

       为专有平台准备的二进制发行版,包括 Apple,可以从
       http://www.cpan.org/ports/
       找到。因为它们不是标准发行的一部分,它们可能(事实上的确)和基本的
       Perl有多方面的不同。要确切知道到底哪些地方不同,您得自行查阅它们各自的发行说明。这些差异可能是正面的(譬如它们可能附有一些-
       始码发行的
       perl所没有的延伸,提供专属某一平台的特殊功能),亦或负面的(例如它们可能是植基於比较老旧的
       Perl允悸敕⑿ 版)。

       Perlhttp://www.cpan.org/ports/
           http://www.perl.com/pub/language/info/software.html

       Someone looking for a Perl for Win16 might look to Laszlo Molnar's
       djgpp port in http://www.cpan.org/ports/#msdos , which comes with clear
       installation instructions.  A simple installation guide for MS-DOS
       using Ilya Zakharevich's OS/2 port is available at
       http://www.cs.ruu.nl/%7Epiet/perl5dos.html and similarly for Windows
       3.1 at http://www.cs.ruu.nl/%7Epiet/perlwin3.html .

       CperlPerlperlgdbm/dynamic
       loading/malloc/linking/...PerlCPANCPAN/src/...http://www.cpan.org/
       ,但您也可以透过这个位址: http://www.cpan.org/CPAN.html
       来自动连接一个在地理位置上最接近您的站。至於这个设计的运作岳恚肟
       http://www.perl.com/CPAN(最後头没有斜线)的说明。同时,http://mirror.cpan.org/
       也提供了 http://www.cpan.org/MIRRORED 的方便的界面

       参见 CPAN FAQ 位于 http://www.cpan.org/misc/cpan-faq.html 来获得有关
       CPAN 的 FAQ,包括如何成为一个镜像站

       CPAN/path/... 是 CPAN站台上头的档案的命名规范。CPAN 代表一个
       CPAN映射的基准目录,然後其馀的路径是由该目录到一个档案的路径。例如,如果您使用
       ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/languages/perl/CPAN 来做您的 CPAN 站,那麽
       CPAN/misc/japh这个档案便可以从
       ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/languages/perl/CPAN/misc/japh 下载到

       由於目前 CPAN档案库中已-
       有近两千个模组,因此几乎任何您所能想到的用途,大概都已-
       有现成的模组可以办到。目前在 CPAN/modules/by-category/ 底下的类
       别包括了 perl核心模组、兄⒄鼓W椤⒆饕迪低辰槊妗⑼贰⒅鼙呱璞浮⒉煌
       processes间之沟通、资料型态工具、资料库介面、使用者介面、与其他语言介面、档名、档案系统、档案锁定、软体国际化及地方化、全球资讯网支援、伺服软体工具、档案库和档案压缩、图形变换处理、电子邮件及新闻讨论群、程式流程控制工具、filehandles和输入/输出、微软视窗模组,以及杂项模组
       等。

       参见 http://www.cpan.org/modules/00modlist.long.htmlhttp://search.cpan.org/ 来阅读分类的模块完整列表。

       CPAN 不是 O'Reilly and Associates 的附属品.

       ISOANSIPerlPerlhttp://perldoc.cpan.org/ 或
       http://www.perldoc.com/ 都提供了完整的 html 格式的帮助

       面上有许多本和 Perl有关的好书,详情请见下面一节的介绍。

       Tutorial documents are included in current or upcoming Perl releases
       include perltoot for objects or perlboot for a beginner's approach to
       objects, perlopentut for file opening semantics, perlreftut for
       managing references, perlretut for regular expressions, perlthrtut for
       threads, perldebtut for debugging, and perlxstut for linking C and Perl
       together.  There may be more by the time you read this.  The following
       URLs might also be of assistance:

           http://perldoc.cpan.org/
           http://www.perldoc.com/
           http://bookmarks.cpan.org/search.cgi?cat=Training%2FTutorials

       USENETPerlhttp://nntp.perl.org/group/ and these lists are also available under
       the "perl.*" hierarchy at http://groups.google.com . Other groups are
       listed at http://lists.perl.org/ ( also known as http://lists.cpan.org/
       ).

       A nice place to ask questions is the PerlMonks site,
       http://www.perlmonks.org/ , or the Perl Beginners mailing list
       http://lists.perl.org/showlist.cgi?name=beginners .

       Note that none of the above are supposed to write your code for you:
       asking questions about particular problems or general advice is fine,
       but asking someone to write your code for free is not very cool.

      ?

       您应看程式的性质来决定该丢到哪个板子上,但也欢幽徊嫱兜菀环莸
       comp.lang.perl.misc上头去。如果您打算交叉投递到 alt.sources
       的话,请务必遵照该板所规定的标准,包括标头的 Followup-To 栏不可将
       alt.sources 列入; 详见该板的 FAQ 。

       If you're just looking for software, first use Google (
       http://www.google.com ), Google's usenet search interface (
       http://groups.google.com ),  and CPAN Search ( http://search.cpan.org
       ).  This is faster and more productive than just posting a request.

       Perl籍

       市面上有许多有关 Perl 和/或
       CGI程式设计的书。其中有些很好,有些还过得去,但也有不少根本不值得买。大部分的
       Perl书都列在 Tom Christiansen
       所维护的列表中,其中一些有详细的评论,位于
       http://www.perl.com/perl/critiques/index.html .

       毫无争议地,最权威的 Perl参考书要数以下这本,由
       Perl的创始者著作,现在是第三版 (July 2000):

           Programming Perl (the "Camel Book"):
               by Larry Wall, Tom Christiansen, and Jon Orwant
               0-596-00027-8  [3rd edition July 2000]
               http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/pperl3/
           (English, translations to several languages are also available)

       The companion volume to the Camel containing thousands of real-world
       examples, mini-tutorials, and complete programs is:

           The Perl Cookbook (the "Ram Book"):
               by Tom Christiansen and Nathan Torkington,
                   with Foreword by Larry Wall
               ISBN 1-56592-243-3 [1st Edition August 1998]
               http://perl.oreilly.com/catalog/cookbook/

       If you're already a seasoned programmer, then the Camel Book might
       suffice for you to learn Perl from.  If you're not, check out the Llama
       book:

           Learning Perl (the "Llama Book")
               by Randal L. Schwartz and Tom Phoenix
               ISBN 0-596-00132-0 [3rd edition July 2001]
               http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/lperl3/

       And for more advanced information on writing larger programs, presented
       in the same style as the Llama book, continue your education with the
       Alpaca book:

           Learning Perl Objects, References, and Modules (the "Alpaca Book")
              by Randal L. Schwartz, with Tom Phoenix (foreword by Damian Conway)
              ISBN 0-596-00478-8 [1st edition June 2003]
              http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/lrnperlorm/

       If you're not an accidental programmer, but a more serious and possibly
       even degreed computer scientist who doesn't need as much hand-holding
       as we try to provide in the Llama, please check out the delightful book

           Perl: The Programmer's Companion
               by Nigel Chapman
               ISBN 0-471-97563-X [1997, 3rd printing Spring 1998]
               http://www.wiley.com/compbooks/catalog/97563-X.htm
               http://www.wiley.com/compbooks/chapman/perl/perltpc.html (errata etc)

       If you are more at home in Windows the following is available (though
       unfortunately rather dated).

           Learning Perl on Win32 Systems (the "Gecko Book")
               by Randal L. Schwartz, Erik Olson, and Tom Christiansen,
                   with foreword by Larry Wall
               ISBN 1-56592-324-3 [1st edition August 1997]
               http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/lperlwin/

       Addison-Wesley ( http://www.awlonline.com/ ) and Manning (
       http://www.manning.com/ ) are also publishers of some fine Perl books
       such as Object Oriented Programming with Perl by Damian Conway and
       Network Programming with Perl by Lincoln Stein.

       An excellent technical book discounter is Bookpool at
       http://www.bookpool.com/ where a 30% discount or more is not unusual.

       What follows is a list of the books that the FAQ authors found
       personally useful.  Your mileage may (but, we hope, probably won't)
       vary.

       Recommended books on (or mostly on) Perl follow.

       References
               Programming Perl
                   by Larry Wall, Tom Christiansen, and Jon Orwant
                   ISBN 0-596-00027-8 [3rd edition July 2000]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/pperl3/

               Perl 5 Pocket Reference
               by Johan Vromans
                   ISBN 0-596-00032-4 [3rd edition May 2000]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/perlpr3/

               Perl in a Nutshell
               by Ellen Siever, Stephan Spainhour, and Nathan Patwardhan
                   ISBN 1-56592-286-7 [1st edition December 1998]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/perlnut/

       Tutorials
               Elements of Programming with Perl
                   by Andrew L. Johnson
                   ISBN 1-884777-80-5 [1st edition October 1999]
                   http://www.manning.com/Johnson/

               Learning Perl
                   by Randal L. Schwartz and Tom Phoenix
                   ISBN 0-596-00132-0 [3rd edition July 2001]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/lperl3/

               Learning Perl Objects, References, and Modules
                  by Randal L. Schwartz, with Tom Phoenix (foreword by Damian Conway)
                  ISBN 0-596-00478-8 [1st edition June 2003]
                  http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/lrnperlorm/

               Learning Perl on Win32 Systems
                   by Randal L. Schwartz, Erik Olson, and Tom Christiansen,
                       with foreword by Larry Wall
                   ISBN 1-56592-324-3 [1st edition August 1997]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/lperlwin/

               Perl: The Programmer's Companion
                   by Nigel Chapman
                   ISBN 0-471-97563-X [1997, 3rd printing Spring 1998]
               http://www.wiley.com/compbooks/catalog/97563-X.htm
               http://www.wiley.com/compbooks/chapman/perl/perltpc.html (errata etc)

               Cross-Platform Perl
                   by Eric Foster-Johnson
                   ISBN 1-55851-483-X [2nd edition September 2000]
                   http://www.pconline.com/~erc/perlbook.htm

               MacPerl: Power and Ease
                   by Vicki Brown and Chris Nandor,
                       with foreword by Matthias Neeracher
                   ISBN 1-881957-32-2 [1st edition May 1998]
                   http://www.macperl.com/ptf_book/

       Task-Oriented
               The Perl Cookbook
                   by Tom Christiansen and Nathan Torkington
                       with foreword by Larry Wall
                   ISBN 1-56592-243-3 [1st edition August 1998]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/cookbook/

               Effective Perl Programming
                   by Joseph Hall
                   ISBN 0-201-41975-0 [1st edition 1998]
                   http://www.awl.com/

       Special Topics
               Mastering Regular Expressions
                   by Jeffrey E. F. Friedl
                   ISBN 0-596-00289-0 [2nd edition July 2002]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/regex2/

               Network Programming with Perl
                   by Lincoln Stein
                   ISBN 0-201-61571-1 [1st edition 2001]
                   http://www.awlonline.com/

               Object Oriented Perl
                   Damian Conway
                       with foreword by Randal L. Schwartz
                   ISBN 1-884777-79-1 [1st edition August 1999]
                   http://www.manning.com/Conway/

               Data Munging with Perl
                   Dave Cross
                   ISBN 1-930110-00-6 [1st edition 2001]
                   http://www.manning.com/cross

               Mastering Perl/Tk
                   by Steve Lidie and Nancy Walsh
                   ISBN 1-56592-716-8 [1st edition January 2002]
                   http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/mastperltk/

               Extending and Embedding Perl
                  by Tim Jenness and Simon Cozens
                  ISBN 1-930110-82-0 [1st edition August 2002]
                  http://www.manning.com/jenness

       Perl志

       The first (and for a long time, only) periodical devoted to All Things
       Perl, The Perl Journal contains tutorials, demonstrations, case
       studies, announcements, contests, and much more.  TPJ has columns on
       web development, databases, Win32 Perl, graphical programming, regular
       expressions, and networking, and sponsors the Obfuscated Perl Contest
       and the Perl Poetry Contests.  Beginning in November 2002, TPJ moved to
       a reader-supported monthly e-zine format in which subscribers can
       download issues as PDF documents. For more details on TPJ, see
       http://www.tpj.com/

       Beyond this, magazines that frequently carry quality articles on Perl
       are The Perl Review ( http://www.theperlreview.com ), Unix Review (
       http://www.unixreview.com/ ), Linux Magazine (
       http://www.linuxmagazine.com/ ), and Usenix's newsletter/magazine to
       its members, login: ( http://www.usenix.org/ )

       The Perl columns of Randal L. Schwartz are available on the web at
       http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/WebTechniques/ ,
       http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/UnixReview/ , and
       http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/LinuxMag/ .

       PerlFTP WWW

       如果您想达到最好(还有最省钱)的传输效果,那麽从
       http://www.cpan.org/SITES.html
       所列的站台中任选其一,从上头把完整的映射站名单抓下来。然後您可以从中挑选一个对您来说传输最快的站台。.PP
       也可以使用 xx.cpan.org ,其中 "xx"
       是双字符的国家代码,例如澳大利亚可以使用 au.cpan.org.
       [注意:这只对至少包含了一个主机镜像的国家有效。]

       Perl?

       大部分的重要模组(如 Tk、CGI 和 libwww-perl)有专属各自的 mailing
       lists。有关资料请参考这些模组的使用说明。

       完整的与 Perl 有关的邮件列表可以从这里找到:

               http://lists.perl.org/

       comp.lang.perl.misc库

       The Google search engine now carries archived and searchable newsgroup
       content.

       http://groups.google.com/groups?group=comp.lang.perl.misc

       If you have a question, you can be sure someone has already asked the
       same question at some point on c.l.p.m. It requires some time and
       patience to sift through all the content but often you will find the
       answer you seek.

       Perlbugsperlbug@perl.org .

       如果您想报告的 bug是有关某个非标准发行的 perl(详见「哪些平台上有 Perl
       ?」一题的答案)、某可执行档形式的发行,或是某非标准的模组(譬如
       Tk、CGI 等),那麽请参考它所附的使用说明,以确定最合适报告 bugs的地方。

       详情请见 perlbug(1) 手册页 (perl5.004 或更新版本)。

       perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?

       The Perl Home Page at http://www.perl.com/ is currently hosted by The
       O'Reilly Network, a subsidiary of O'Reilly and Associates.

       Perl Mongers is an advocacy organization for the Perl language which
       maintains the web site http://www.perl.org/ as a general advocacy site
       for the Perl language.

       Perl Mongers uses the pm.org domain for services related to Perl user
       groups, including the hosting of mailing lists and web sites.  See the
       Perl user group web site at http://www.pm.org/ for more information
       about joining, starting, or requesting services for a Perl user group.

       Perl Mongers also maintain the perl.org domain to provide general
       support services to the Perl community, including the hosting of
       mailing lists, web sites, and other services.  The web site
       http://www.perl.org/ is a general advocacy site for the Perl language,
       and there are many other sub-domains for special topics, such as

           http://bugs.perl.org/
           http://history.perl.org/
           http://lists.perl.org/
           http://use.perl.org/

       http://www.cpan.org/ is the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network, a
       replicated worlwide repository of Perl software, see the What is CPAN?
       question earlier in this document.

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 1997-2001 Tom Christiansen and Nathan Torkington.  All
       rights reserved.

       This documentation is free; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

       Irrespective of its distribution, all code examples here are in the
       public domain.  You are permitted and encouraged to use this code and
       any derivatives thereof in your own programs for fun or for profit as
       you see fit.  A simple comment in the code giving credit to the FAQ
       would be courteous but is not required.

者
      室