Provided by: c-graph_2.0.1-3_amd64 bug


       c-graph - visualization tool for the convolution theorem


       c-graph [-d|-h|-v] [-n]


       GNU  C-Graph  (for  Convolution  Graph)  is  a tool for visualizing the convolution of two
       signals using Gnuplot under the X Window System.  It computes the  linear  convolution  of
       two  signals in the time domain, then compares their circular convolution by demonstrating
       the convolution theorem - convolution of two signals in the  time  domain  corresponds  to
       multiplication  in  the  frequency  domain.  Gnuplot command and graphics output files are
       saved in the c-graphs directory for later use.

       Each signal is modeled by a register of discrete values simulating samples  of  a  signal,
       and  the  discrete Fourier transform (DFT) computed by means of the fast Fourier transform
       (FFT).  FFTs are computed on data series containing a  power  of  two  elements.   c-graph
       accepts data series sizes of powers of two in the range 64 to 1024, inclusive.

       c-graph  is  menu-driven:  it  prompts  the user for a number of samples, the signal type,
       frequency, and a scaling coefficient (if applicable).

       Data sets may consist of 64, 128, 256, 512, or 1024 samples.  If any other data  set  size
       is chosen, the size is adjusted to the nearest allowed power of two.

       Signals may be periodic or aperiodic, according to input waveform type.

       These  signal  types are periodic: sine, cosine, triangle, square, and sawtooth.  Periodic
       signals can be selected as continuous waves or as a pulse.  If the pulse form  is  chosen,
       the  input  signal  consists  of a half-wave of the signal type.  For example, a sine wave
       chosen as a pulse will provide a sine wave of half the full wave duration (i.e., from 0 to
       π radians, or 0 to 180°).

       These signal types are aperiodic: exponential, ramp, and the step function.

       The  allowable frequency range is from 0.5 to N/4, where N is the number of samples.  If a
       value is entered outside of this range, the frequency is set to a default of 1 Hz.

       The scaling coefficient may be positive or negative.  The maximum absolute  value  of  the
       scaling  coefficient  for signal types sine, cosine, exponential, and the step function is
       N, whereas for signal types triangle, square, sawtooth and ramp the  maximum  scale  is 1.
       With the default scaling coefficient of 1, signal types sine, cosine, exponential, and the
       step function are unit  functions;  signal  types  square  and  sawtooth  have  a  maximum
       amplitude of half the period, whereas that of a triangle is one-quarter the period.

       Whether  student, engineer, or scientist, aspiring special-effects animator or roboticist,
       GNU C-Graph will help you find the adventure in the mathematics of convolution.


       -d, --dedicate
              Print the dedication and exit.

       -h, --help
              Print the list of options and exit.

       -n, --no-splash
              Invoke GNU C-Graph with no splash screen.

       -v, --version
              Print the version of GNU C-Graph and exit.


              This is the directory path that  gnuplot(1)  searches  for  fonts  to  produce  its
              graphs.  c-graph commands gnuplot to use a font named "serif".  If gnuplot does not
              find this font, it will use a default.   To  select  the  gnuplot  font,  create  a
              symbolic  link  from  the  desired font file to a file named "serif.ttf".  Then set
              GDFONTPATH to the directory where "serif.ttf" is located.  For example if the  file
              /home/galactic/fonts/serif.ttf  links to the desired serif font, then in the Bourne
              shell use a command such as the following:

                   export GDFONTPATH=/home/galactic/fonts:/usr/share/fonts


       Upon exit, c-graph saves its sample sets and graphics  files  in  the  c-graphs  directory
       within  the  current working directory.  Here is a typical recursive listing of the output
       directory contents:

            $ ls -R c-graphs
            coms  graphs

    time.dat  trans.dat

            convolutions.png  signals.png  transforms.png

       The c-graphs/coms directory contains the input for Gnuplot that was used to  generate  the
       output graphics.  Files ending in ".cg" are Gnuplot command files.  Files ending in ".dat"
       are ASCII data input files; they are tables of floating point values of input waveforms.

       The c-graphs/graphs directory contains the graphics output of Gnuplot, in Portable Network
       Graphics  (PNG)  format.   These files can be used in presentations and other documents to
       visually demonstrate the convolution theorem.


       Report bugs to


       GNU C-Graph was written by Adrienne  Gaye  Thompson  (   This  package
       evolved  from  the  BSc. Electrical Engineering honours dissertation of Adrienne Thompson,
       "Interactive Computer Program Demonstrating: Sampling Convolution and the FFT", University
       of Aberdeen, Scotland (1983).


       Copyright © 1982, 1983, 1996, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2018 Adrienne Gaye Thompson.

       GNU  C-Graph  is  licensed  under  the  GPL  version  3  or later with Additional Terms as
       permitted under the GPL; see the COPYING file in this package for details.  For the latest
       version of the GPL, see

       This is free software; you are free to modify and distribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to
       the extent permitted by law.


       The c-graph Texinfo manual, included in this package, contains further information.   That
       manual  provides a thorough description of possible parameters and waveforms, with typical
       examples.  An appendix provides an overview of the convolution theorem.

       With the GNU Texinfo package installed on your system, you can view the  manual  with  the

              info c-graph

       Further    documentation    can    be    found    on    the   GNU   C-Graph   home   page,  The source package includes a PDF version  of  the
       Texinfo    manual.     A    copy    of    this    manual    can    also    be   found   at