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NAME

       fs_mkmount - Creates a mount point for a volume

SYNOPSIS

       fs mkmount -dir <directory> -vol <volume name>
           [-cell <cell name>] [-rw] [-fast] [-help]

       fs mk -d <directory> -v <volume name>
           [-c <cell name>] [-r] [-f] [-h]

DESCRIPTION

       The fs mkmount command creates a mount point for the volume named by the -vol argument at
       the location in the AFS file space specified by the -dir argument. The mount point looks
       like a standard directory element, and serves as the volume's root directory, but is
       actually a special file system object that refers to an AFS volume. When the Cache Manager
       first encounters a given mount point during pathname traversal, it contacts the VL Server
       to learn which file server machines house the indicated volume, then fetches a copy of the
       volume's root directory from the appropriate file server machine.

       It is possible, although not recommended, to create more than one mount point to a volume.
       The Cache Manager can become confused if a volume is mounted in two places along the same
       path through the filespace.

       The Cache Manager observes three basic rules as it traverses the AFS filespace and
       encounters mount points:

       Rule 1: Access Backup and Read-only Volumes When Specified
           When the Cache Manager encounters a mount point that specifies a volume with either a
           ".readonly" or a ".backup" extension, it accesses that type of volume only. If a mount
           point does not have either a ".backup" or ".readonly" extension, the Cache Manager
           uses Rules 2 and 3.

           For example, the Cache Manager never accesses the read/write version of a volume if
           the mount point names the backup version. If the specified version is inaccessible,
           the Cache Manager reports an error.

       Rule 2: Follow the Read-only Path When Possible
           If a mount point resides in a read-only volume and the volume that it references is
           replicated, the Cache Manager attempts to access a read-only copy of the volume; if
           the referenced volume is not replicated, the Cache Manager accesses the read/write
           copy. The Cache Manager is thus said to prefer a read-only path through the filespace,
           accessing read-only volumes when they are available.

           The Cache Manager starts on the read-only path in the first place because it always
           accesses a read-only copy of the root.afs volume if it exists; the volume is mounted
           at the root of a cell's AFS filespace (named /afs by convention). That is, if the
           "root.afs" volume is replicated, the Cache Manager attempts to access a read-only copy
           of it rather than the read/write copy. This rule then keeps the Cache Manager on a
           read-only path as long as each successive volume is replicated. The implication is
           that both the "root.afs" and "root.cell" volumes must be replicated for the Cache
           Manager to access replicated volumes mounted below them in the AFS filespace. The
           volumes are conventionally mounted at the /afs and /afs/cellname directories,
           respectively.

       Rule 3: Once on a Read/write Path, Stay There
           If a mount point resides in a read/write volume and the volume name does not have a
           ".readonly" or a ".backup" extension, the Cache Manager attempts to access only the
           read/write version of the volume. The access attempt fails with an error if the
           read/write version is inaccessible, even if a read-only version is accessible. In this
           situation the Cache Manager is said to be on a read/write path and cannot switch back
           to the read-only path unless mount point explicitly names a volume with a ".readonly"
           extension. (Cellular mount points are an important exception to this rule, as
           explained in the following discussion.

       There are three types of mount points, each appropriate for a different purpose because of
       the manner in which the Cache Manager interprets them.

       ·   When the Cache Manager crosses a regular mount point, it obeys all three of the mount
           point traversal rules previously described. To create a regular mount point, include
           only the required -dir and -vol arguments to the fs mkmount command.

       ·   When the Cache Manager crosses a read/write mount point, it attempts to access only
           the volume version named in the mount point. If the volume name is the base
           (read/write) form, without a ".readonly" or ".backup" extension, the Cache Manager
           accesses the read/write version of the volume, even if it is replicated. In other
           words, the Cache Manager disregards the second mount point traversal rule when
           crossing a read/write mount point: it switches to the read/write path through the
           filespace.

           To create a read/write mount point, include the -rw flag on the fs mkmount command. It
           is conventional to create only one read/write mount point in a cell's filespace, using
           it to mount the cell's "root.cell" volume just below the AFS filespace root (by
           convention, /afs/.cellname). See the OpenAFS Quick Start Guide for instructions and
           the chapter about volume management in the OpenAFS Administration Guide for further
           discussion.

           Creating a read/write mount point for a read-only or backup volume is acceptable, but
           unnecessary. The first rule of mount point traversal already specifies that the Cache
           Manager accesses them if the volume name in a regular mount point has a ".readonly" or
           ".backup" extension.

       ·   When the Cache Manager crosses a cellular mount point, it accesses the indicated
           volume in the specified cell, which is normally a foreign cell. (If the mount point
           does not name a cell along with the volume, the Cache Manager accesses the volume in
           the cell where the mount point resides.) The Cache Manager disregards the third mount
           point traversal rule when crossing a regular cellular mount point: it accesses a read-
           only version of the volume if it is replicated, even if the volume that houses the
           mount point is read/write. Switching to the read-only path in this way is designed to
           avoid imposing undue load on the file server machines in foreign cells.

           To create a regular cellular mount point, include the -cell argument on the fs mkmount
           command. It is conventional to create cellular mount points only at the second level
           in a cell's filespace, using them to mount foreign cells' root.cell volumes just below
           the AFS filespace root (by convention, at /afs/foreign_cellname). The mount point
           enables local users to access the foreign cell's filespace, assuming they have the
           necessary permissions on the ACL of the volume's root directory and that there is an
           entry for the foreign cell in each local client machine's /etc/openafs/CellServDB
           file. In the output of the fs lsmount command, the cell name and a colon (":") appear
           between the initial number sign and the volume name in a regular cellular mount point
           name.

OPTIONS

       -dir <directory>+
           Names the directory to create as a mount point. The directory must not already exist.
           Relative pathnames are interpreted with respect to the current working directory.

           Specify the read/write path to the directory, to avoid the failure that results from
           attempting to create a new mount point in a read-only volume. By convention, the
           read/write path is indicated by placing a period before the cell name at the
           pathname's second level (for example, /afs/.example.com). For further discussion of
           the concept of read/write and read-only paths through the filespace, see
           "DESCRIPTION".

       -vol <volume name>
           Specifies the name or volume ID number of the volume to mount. If appropriate, add the
           ".readonly" or ".backup" extension to the name, or specify the appropriate volume ID
           number.

       -cell <cell name>
           Names the cell in which the volume resides (creates a cellular mount point). Provide
           the fully qualified domain name, or a shortened form that disambiguates it from the
           other cells listed in the local /etc/openafs/CellServDB file.

           If this argument is omitted, no cell indicator appears in the mount point. When the
           Cache Manager interprets it, it assumes that the volume named in the mount point
           resides in the same cell as the volume that houses the mount point.

       -rw Creates a read/write mount point. Omit this flag to create a regular mount point.

       -fast
           Prevents the Volume Location (VL) Server from checking that the volume has a VLDB
           entry and printing a warning message if it does not. Whether or not this flag is
           included, the File Server creates the mount point even when the volume has no VLDB
           entry.

       -help
           Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.

EXAMPLES

       The following command creates a regular mount point, mounting the volume "user.smith" at
       /afs/example.com/usr/smith:

          % cd /afs/example.com/usr
          % fs mkmount -dir smith -vol user.smith

       The following commands create a read/write mount point and a regular mount point for the
       Example Corporation cell's "root.cell" volume in that cell's file tree. The second command
       follows the convention of putting a period at the beginning of the read/write mount
       point's name.

          % fs mkmount -dir /afs/example.com -vol root.cell
          % fs mkmount -dir /afs/.example.com -vol root.cell -rw

       The following command mounts the Example Organization cell's "root.cell" volume in the
       Example Corporation cell's file tree, creating a regular cellular mount point called
       /afs/example.org. When a Example Corporation Cache Manager encounters this mount point, it
       crosses into the Example Organization cell on a read-only path.

          % fs mkmount -dir /afs/example.org -vol root.cell -c example.org

PRIVILEGE REQUIRED

       The issuer must have the "i" (insert) and "a" (administer) permissions on the ACL of the
       directory that is to house the mount point.

SEE ALSO

       CellServDB(5), fs_lsmount(1), fs_rmmount(1)

COPYRIGHT

       IBM Corporation 2000. <http://www.ibm.com/> All Rights Reserved.

       This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0.  It was converted
       from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by
       Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.