Provided by: libbash_0.9.11-2_all bug


     getopts — libbash library for command line parameters parsing


     $retval getopt_long ⟨Instructions⟩ ⟨Parameters⟩


     This  is  a  documentation for libbash getopts library, that implements getopt_long function
     for  bash(1).   For  documentation  of  bash  getopts  function,  please  see  getopts(1)  (
     getopts(1posix) on some systems).

     Here is a table for reference:
     getopts(1)        (or 1posix on some systems) implemented by bash
     getopts(3)        implemented by libbash.
     getopt(1)         implemented by getopt utils (part of util-linux)
     getopt_long(1)    implemented  by libbash and installed to section 1 instead of 3 to prevent
                       collision with C man pages.
     getopt(3)         implemented by GNU C library.
     getopt_long(3)    implemented by GNU C library.
     I have also seen separate getopt utility which part of util-linux package.

     The getopt_long function parses the command line arguments.  It  uses  Instructions  as  the
     rules for parsing the Parameters.

   The Instructions
     A string that specifies rules for parameters parsing.  The instructions string is built of a
     group of independent instructions, separated by a white space.  Each instruction must have
     the following structure:


     This structure contains three parts:

            This is the parameter single-letter sign. For example -h.

            This is the parameter's corresponding multi-letter sign. For example --help.

            This is the name of the variable that will contain the parameter value. For example:

            The Variable name can represent one of two variables types:

            Flag variable (not followed by ‘:’)
                 In this case, it will hold the value 1 if ‘on’ (i.e. was specified on command
                 line) and will not be defined if ‘off’.

            Value variable (followed by ‘:’)
                 In this case, the value it will hold is the string that was given as the next
                 parameter in the Parameters string (Separated by white-space or ‘=’ ). If input
                 contains more then one instance of the considered command line option, an array
                 of the given parameters will be set as the value of the variable.

   The Parameters
     The Parameters are simply the parameters you wish to parse.


     This function returns a string that contains a set of variables definitions.  In order to
     define the variables, this string should be given as a parameter to eval function. This
     value is returned in the variable $retval.


     Parse command line parameters looking for the flags -h | --help and -v | --version and for
     the value -p | --path :

           getopt_long '-h|--help->HELP
                         -p|--path->PATH:' $*
           eval $retval

     In this example, for the parameters --help --path=/usr/ the variables that will be created


     for the parameters --help --path=/usr --path=/bin the variables that will be created are:

           PATH=(/usr /bin)


     Values must not contain the string `__getopts__'. This string will be  parsed  as  a  single

     A  value should not start with an already defined multi-letter sign. If such a value exists,
     it will be treated as the equivalent singe-letter sign. This bug only accures when  using  a
     single-letter sign, or a multi-letter sign that are not followed by a `='.

     For  example:  If  we have a script named `foo', and we parse the parameters `-d|--dir:' and
     `-f|--file:', then

           foo -d --file

           foo --dir --file
     will not work

           foo --dir=--file
     will work.


     Hai Zaar <>
     Gil Ran <>


     ldbash(1), getopt_long(1), getopts(1), getopt(1), libbash(1), getopt(3), getopt_long(3)