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       h5math - combine/create HDF5 files with math expressions




       h5math  takes any number of HDF5 files as input, along with a mathematical expression, and
       combines them to produce a new HDF5 file.

       HDF5 is a free, portable binary format and supporting library developed  by  the  National
       Center  for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign.
       A single h5 file can contain multiple data sets; by  default,  h5math  creates  a  dataset
       called  "h5math",  but  this  can  be  changed  via  the -d option, or by using the syntax
       HDF5FILE:DATASET.  The -a option can be used to append new datasets to  an  existing  HDF5
       file.   The  same  syntax  is  used  to  specify the dataset used in the input file(s); by
       default, the first dataset (alphabetically) is used.

       A simple example of h5math's usage is:

           h5math -e "d1 + 2*d2" out.h5 foo.h5 bar.h5:blah

       which produces a new file, out.h5, by adding the first dataset in foo.h5  with  twice  the
       "blah"  dataset  in  bar.h5.  In the expression (specified by -e), the first input dataset
       (from left to right) is referred to as d1, the second as d2, and so on.

       In addition to input datasets, you can also use the x/y/z coordinates of each point in the
       expression,  referenced  by  "x" "y" and "z" variables (for the first three dimensions) as
       well as a "t" variable that refers to the last dimension.  By default, these are  integers
       starting at 0 at the corner of the dataset, but the -0 option will change the x/y/z origin
       to the center of the dataset (t is unaffected), and the -r res  option  will  specify  the
       "resolution", dividing the x/y/z coordinates by res.

       All  of the input datasets must have the same dimensions, which are also the dimensions of
       the output.  If there are no input files, and you are defining  the  output  purely  by  a
       mathematical  formula,  you can specify the dimensions of the output explicitly via the -n
       size option, where size is e.g. "2x2x2".

       Sometimes, however,  you  want  to  use  only  a  smaller-dimensional  "slice"  of  multi-
       dimensional   data.   To  do  this,  you  specify  coordinates  in  one  (or  more)  slice
       dimension(s), via the -xyzt options.


       -h     Display help on the command-line options and usage.

       -V     Print the version number and copyright info for h5math.

       -v     Verbose output.

       -a     If the HDF5 output file already exists, append the data as  a  new  dataset  rather
              than  overwriting the file (the default behavior).  An existing dataset of the same
              name within the file is overwritten, however.

       -e expression
              Specify the mathematical expression that is used to construct the output (generally
              in  "  quotes  to  group  the expression as one item in the shell), in terms of the
              variables for the input datasets and the coordinates as described above.

              Expressions  use  a  C-like  infix  notation,  with  most  standard  operators  and
              mathematical  functions  (+,  sin,  etc.)  being  supported.  This functionality is
              provided (and its features determined) by GNU libmatheval.

       -f filename
              Name of a text file to read the expression from, if no -e expression is  specified.
              Defaults to stdin.

       -x ix, -y iy, -z iz, -t it
              This  tells  h5math to use a particular slice of a multi-dimensional dataset.  e.g.
              -x uses the subset (with one less dimension) at an x index of ix (where the indices
              run  from  zero to one less than the maximum index in that direction).  Here, x/y/z
              correspond to the first/second/third dimensions of the HDF5 dataset. The -t  option
              specifies  a slice in the last dimension, whichever that might be.  See also the -0
              option to shift the origin of the x/y/z slice coordinates to the dataset center.

       -0     Shift the origin of the x/y/z slice coordinates to the dataset center, so that e.g.
              -0 -x 0 (or more compactly -0x0) returns the central x plane of the dataset instead
              of the edge x plane.  (-t coordinates are not affected.)

              This also shifts the origin of the x/y/z variables in the expression so that  0  is
              the center of the dataset.

       -r res Use a resolution res for x/y/z (but not t) variables in the expression, so that the
              data "grid" coordinates are divided by res.  The default res is 1.

              For example, if the x dimension has 21 grid steps, setting a res of  20  will  mean
              that  x  variables  in  the expression run from 0.0 to 1.0 (or -0.5 to 0.5 if -0 is
              specified), instead of 0 to 20.

              -r does not affect the coordinates used for slices, which are always integers.

       -n size
              The output dataset must be the same size as the input datasets.  If  there  are  no
              input  datasets (if you are defining the output purely by a formula), then you must
              specify the output size manually with this option: size is of  the  form  MxNxLx...
              (with M, N, L being integers) and may be of any dimensionality.

       -d name
              Write to dataset name in the output; otherwise, the output dataset is called "data"
              by default.  Also use dataset name in the input; otherwise, the first input dataset
              (alphabetically) in a file is used.  Alternatively, use the syntax HDF5FILE:DATASET
              (which overrides the -d option).


       Send bug reports to S. G. Johnson,


       Written by Steven G. Johnson.  Copyright  (c)  2005  by  the  Massachusetts  Institute  of