Provided by: liblinear-tools_2.1.0+dfsg-4_amd64 bug


       liblinear-train - train a linear classifier and produce a model


       liblinear-train [options] training_set_file [model_file]


       liblinear-train  trains  a linear classifier using liblinear and produces a model suitable
       for use with liblinear-predict(1).

       training_set_file is the file containing the data used for training.   model_file  is  the
       file  to  which  the  model  will  be saved. If model_file is not provided, it defaults to

       To obtain good performances, sometimes one needs to scale the data. This can be done  with


       A summary of options is included below.

       -s type
              Set the type of the solver:

                 0 ... L2-regularized logistic regression

                 1 ... L2-regularized L2-loss support vector classification (dual) (default)

                 2 ... L2-regularized L2-loss support vector classification (primal)

                 3 ... L2-regularized L1-loss support vector classification (dual)

                 4 ... multi-class support vector classification

                 5 ... L1-regularized L2-loss support vector classification

                 6 ... L1-regularized logistic regression

                 7 ... L2-regularized logistic regression (dual)

       -c cost
              Set the parameter C (default: 1)

       -e epsilon
              Set the tolerance of the termination criterion

              For -s 0 and 2:

                 |f'(w)|_2 <= epsilon*min(pos,neg)/l*|f'(w0)_2, where f is
                 the primal function and pos/neg are the number of positive/negative data
                 (default: 0.01)

              For -s 1, 3, 4 and 7:

                 Dual maximal violation <= epsilon; similar to libsvm (default: 0.1)

              For -s 5 and 6:

                 |f'(w)|_inf <= epsilon*min(pos,neg)/l*|f'(w0)|_inf, where f is the primal
                 function (default: 0.01)

       -B bias
              If bias >= 0, then instance x becomes [x; bias]; if bias < 0, then
              no bias term is added (default: -1)

       -wi weight
              Weight-adjusts the parameter C of class i by the value weight

       -v n   n-fold cross validation mode

       -C     Find parameter C (only for -s 0 and 2)

       -q     Quiet mode (no outputs).


       Train a linear SVM using L2-loss function:

                  liblinear-train data_file

       Train a logistic regression model:

                  liblinear-train -s 0 data_file

       Do  five-fold cross-validation using L2-loss SVM, using a smaller stopping tolerance 0.001
       instead of the default 0.1 for more accurate solutions:

                  liblinear-train -v 5 -e 0.001 data_file

       Conduct cross validation many times by L2-loss SVM and find the parameter C which achieves
       the best cross validation accuracy:

                  train -C datafile

       For  parameter  selection  by -C, users can specify other solvers (currently -s 0 and -s 2
       are supported) and different number of CV folds. Further, users can use the -c  option  to
       specify  the  smallest C value of the search range. This setting is useful when users want
       to rerun the parameter selection procedure from a specified C under a  different  setting,
       such as a stricter stopping tolerance -e 0.0001 in the above example.

                  train -C -s 0 -v 3 -c 0.5 -e 0.0001 datafile

       Train four classifiers:

                         positive    negative        Cp  Cn
                         class 1     class 2,3,4     20  10
                         class 2     class 1,3,4     50  10
                         class 3     class 1,2,4     20  10
                         class 4     class 1,2,3     10  10

                  liblinear-train -c 10 -w1 2 -w2 5 -w3 2 four_class_data_file

       If there are only two classes, we train ONE model. The C values for the two classes are 10
       and 50:

                  liblinear-train -c 10 -w3 1 -w2 5 two_class_data_file

       Output probability estimates (for logistic regression only) using liblinear-predict(1):

                  liblinear-predict -b 1 test_file data_file.model output_file


       liblinear-predict(1), svm-predict(1), svm-train(1)


       liblinear-train was written by the LIBLINEAR authors at National Taiwan university for the
       LIBLINEAR Project.

       This  manual page was written by Christian Kastner <>, for the Debian project
       (and may be used by others).

                                          March 08, 2011                       LIBLINEAR-TRAIN(1)