Provided by: lr_1.4.1-1_amd64 bug


     lr — list files, recursively


     lr [-0 | -F | -l [-TA | -TC | -TM] | -S | -f fmt]
        [-B | -D] [-H | -L] [-1AGPQXdhsx] [-U | -o ord]
        [-e regex] [-t test] [-C [color:]path] path ...


     lr is a versatile tool to generate file listings with configurable formatting, ordering and

     When no path is given or path is an empty string, the current directory is used by default.

     The special path argument ‘-’ makes lr read file names from standard input, instead of
     traversing path.  Likewise, the special path argument @file makes lr read file names from

     The options are as follows:

     -0      Output filenames separated by NUL bytes.  Likewise, read input filenames separated
             by NUL bytes.

     -F      Output filenames and an indicator of their file type (one of ‘*/=>@|’).

     -l      Long output a la ‘ls -l’ (implies -Q).

     -TA     With -l, print atime.

     -TC     With -l, print ctime.

     -TM     With -l, print mtime.  This is the default.

     -S      Output inspired by BSD stat(1) (implies -Q).

     -f fmt  Custom formatting, see FORMATTING.

     -B      Use breadth first traversal.  For each depth of the directory tree, files are sorted
             and printed, then the next depth is looked at.

     -D      Use depth first traversal.  prune will not work, but entries and total are computed
             on the fly.

     -H      Only follow symlinks on command line (default: don't follow symlinks).

     -L      Follow all symlinks.

     -1      Don't go below one level of directories.

     -A      Don't list files starting with a dot.

     -P      Quote file names using Austin Group #249 syntax $'...' (implies -Q).

     -Q      Quote file names (default for output to TTY).

     -d      Don't enter directories.

     -G      Colorize output to TTY.  Use twice to force colorized output.  If the environment
             variable NO_COLOR is set, colors are never used.

     -X      Output OSC 8 hyperlinks to TTY.  Use twice to force hyperlinks.

     -h      Print human readable size for -l (also %s).

     -s      Strip directory prefix passed on command line.

     -x      Don't enter other filesystems.

     -U      Don't sort results.

     -o ord  Sort according to ord, see SORT ORDER.

     -e regex
             Only show files where basename matches the POSIX ERE regex.

     -t test
             Only show files matching the expression test, see TESTS.  Multiple occurrences of -t
             and -e are regarded as a conjunction.

     -C [color:]path
             Behaves as if path was passed like an ordinary argument, but overrides the color of
             the file names to the number color which must be between 0 and 255 (default: 2,

             Implies -GG.


     lr format strings support the following escape sequences:

     \a, \b, \f, \n, \r, \v
             Special characters as in C.
     \ddd    Byte with one, two or three-digit octal value.
     \xdd    Byte with one or two-digit hexadecimal value.
     %%      A plain ‘%’.
     %s      File size in bytes
     %S      File size, with human readable unit
     %b      File size in 512-byte blocks
     %k      File size in 1024-byte blocks
     %d      Path depth
     %D      Device number (stat.st_dev)
     %R      Device ID for special files (stat.st_rdev)
     %i      Inode number
     %I      One space character for every depth level
     %p      Full path (%P if -s is used)
     %P      Full path without command line argument prefix
     %l      Symlink target
     %n      Number of hardlinks
     %F      File indicator type symbol (one of ‘*/=>@|’)
     %f      File basename (everything after last /)
     %A-, %C-, %T-
             relative age for atime/ctime/mtime.
     %Ax, %Cx, %Tx
             result of strftime(3) for %x on atime/ctime/mtime
     %m      Octal file permissions
     %M      ls-style symbolic file permissions
     %y      ls-style symbolic file type (‘bcdfls’)
     %g      Group name
     %G      Numeric gid
     %u      User name
     %U      Numeric uid
     %e      Number of entries in directories
     %t      Total size used by accepted files in directories (only with -D)
     %Y      Type of the filesystem the file resides on
     %x      Linux-only: Print a combination of ‘#’ for files with security capabilities, ‘+’ for
             files with an ACL, ‘@’ for files with other extended attributes.


     Sort order is string consisting of the following letters.  Uppercase letters reverse
     sorting.  Default sort order is ‘n’.

     a       atime
     c       ctime
     d       path depth
     e       file extension
     i       inode number
     m       mtime
     n       file name
     p       directory name
     s       file size
     t       file type.  This sorts all directories before other files.
     v       File name as version numbers (sorts ‘2’ before ‘10’).

     E.g. ‘Sn’ sorts first by size, smallest last, and then by name (in case sizes are equal).


     lr tests are given by the following EBNF:

     <expr>     ::= <expr> || <expr>  -- disjunction
                  | <expr> && <expr>  -- conjunction
                  | <expr> ? <expr> : <expr>  -- ternary operator
                  | ! <expr>          -- negation
                  | ( <expr )
                  | <timeprop> <numop> <dur>
                  | <numprop> <numop> <num>
                  | <strprop> <strop> <str>
                  | <typetest>
                  | <modetest>
                  | prune             -- do not traverse into subdirectories
                  | print             -- always true value
                  | skip              -- always false value
                  | color <num>       -- always true value, override 256-color

     <timeprop> ::= atime | ctime | mtime

     <numprop>  ::= depth | dev | entries | gid | inode
                  | links | mode | rdev | size | total | uid

     <numop>    ::= <= | < | >= | > | == | = | !=

     <dur>      ::= "./path"          -- mtime of relative path
                  | "/path"           -- mtime of absolute path
                  | "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS"
                  | "YYYY-MM-DD"      -- at midnight
                  | "HH:MM:SS"        -- today
                  | "HH:MM"           -- today
                  | "-[0-9]+d"        -- n days ago at midnight
                  | "-[0-9]+h"        -- n hours before now
                  | "-[0-9]+m"        -- n minutes before now
                  | "-[0-9]+s"        -- n seconds before now
                  | [0-9]+            -- absolute epoch time

     <num>      ::= [0-9]+ ( c        -- *1
                           | b        -- *512
                           | k        -- *1024
                           | M        -- *1024*1024
                           | G        -- *1024*1024*1024
                           | T )?     -- *1024*1024*1024*1024

     <strprop>  ::= fstype | group | name | path | target | user | xattr

     <strop>    ::= == | = | !=       -- string (in)equality
                  | ===    | !===     -- case insensitive string (in)equality
                  | ~~     | !~~      -- glob (fnmatch)
                  | ~~~    | !~~~     -- case insensitive glob (fnmatch)
                  | =~     | !=~ | !~ -- POSIX Extended Regular Expressions
                  | =~~    | !=~~     -- case insensitive POSIX Extended Regular Expressions

     <str>      ::= " ([^"] | "")+ "  -- use "" for a single " inside "
                  | $[A-Za-z0-9_]+    -- environment variable

     <typetest> ::= type ( == | = | != ) ( b | c | d | p | f | l )

     <modetest> ::= mode ( == | =     -- exact permissions
                         | &          -- check if all bits of <octal> set
                         | |          -- check if any bit of <octal> set
                         ) <octal>
                  | mode = "<chmod>"  -- check if symbolic mode is satisfied

     <octal> ::= [0-7]+

     <chmod> ::= <clause> (, <clause>)+

     <clause> ::= [guoa]* [+-=] [rwxXstugo]*  -- see chmod(1)


     The lr utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


     du(1), find(1), ls(1), stat(1), tw(1)


     Leah Neukirchen <>


     lr is licensed under the terms of the MIT license.