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NAME

       mailq - print the mail queue

SYNOPSIS

       mailq [-Ac] [-q...]  [-v]

DESCRIPTION

       Mailq prints a summary of the mail messages queued for future delivery.

       The  first  line  printed for each message shows the internal identifier used on this host
       for the message with a possible status character, the size of the message  in  bytes,  the
       date  and  time  the  message  was accepted into the queue, and the envelope sender of the
       message.  The second line shows the error message that caused this message to be  retained
       in the queue; it will not be present if the message is being processed for the first time.
       The status characters are either * to indicate the job is being processed; X  to  indicate
       that  the load is too high to process the job; and - to indicate that the job is too young
       to process.  The following lines show message recipients, one per line.

       Mailq is identical to ``sendmail -bp''.

       The relevant options are as follows:

       -Ac    Show the mail submission queue specified in /etc/mail/submit.cf instead of the  MTA
              queue specified in /etc/mail/sendmail.cf.

       -qL    Show the "lost" items in the mail queue instead of the normal queue items.

       -qQ    Show the quarantined items in the mail queue instead of the normal queue items.

       -q[!]I substr
              Limit  processed  jobs to those containing substr as a substring of the queue id or
              not when !  is specified.

       -q[!]Q substr
              Limit processed jobs to quarantined jobs containing substr as a  substring  of  the
              quarantine reason or not when !  is specified.

       -q[!]R substr
              Limit  processed  jobs  to  those  containing  substr  as a substring of one of the
              recipients or not when !  is specified.

       -q[!]S substr
              Limit processed jobs to those containing substr as a substring of the sender or not
              when !  is specified.

       -v     Print  verbose  information.   This  adds  the priority of the message and a single
              character indicator (``+'' or blank) indicating whether a warning message has  been
              sent on the first line of the message.  Additionally, extra lines may be intermixed
              with the recipients indicating the ``controlling user'' information; this shows who
              will  own  any programs that are executed on behalf of this message and the name of
              the alias this command expanded from, if any.  Moreover, status messages  for  each
              recipient are printed if available.

       Several  sendmail.cf  options  influence  the behavior of the mailq utility: The number of
       items printed per queue group is restricted by MaxQueueRunSize if that value is set.   The
       status  character  *  is  not  printed  for some values of QueueSortOrder, e.g., filename,
       random, modification, and none, unless a -q option is used to limit the processed jobs.

       The mailq utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

SEE ALSO

       sendmail(8)

HISTORY

       The mailq command appeared in 4.0BSD.

                                   $Date: 2013-11-22 20:51:55 $                          MAILQ(1)