Provided by: memleax_1.1.1-1_amd64
memleax - debugs memory leak of a running process
memleax [options] target-pid
memleax debugs memory leak of a running process by attaching it. It hooks the target process's invocation of memory allocation and free, and reports the memory blocks which live long enough as memory leak, in real time. The default expire threshold is 10 seconds, however you should always set it by -e option according to your scenarios. There is no need to recompile the program or restart the target process. You run memleax to monitor the target process, wait for the real-time memory leak report, and then kill it (e.g. by Ctrl-C) to stop monitoring. memleax follows new threads, but not forked processes. If you want to debug multiple processes, just run multiple memleax.
You should always set -e according to your scenarios. While other options are good in most instances with default values. -e expire Specifies memory free expire threshold in seconds. Default is 10. An allocated memory block is reported as memory leak if it lives longer than this. You should always set this according to your scenarios. For example, if you are debugging an HTTP server with keepalive, and there are connections last for more than 5 minutes, you should set `-e 360` to cover it. If your program is expected to free every memory in 1 second, you should set `-e 2` to get report in time. -d debug-info-file Specifies separate debug information file. -l backtrace-limit Specifies the limit of backtrace levels. Less level, better performance. Default is 50, which is also the max. -m memory-block-max Stop monitoring if there are so many expired memory block at a same CallStack. Default is 1000. -c call-stack-max Stop monitoring if there are so many CallStack with memory leak. Default is 1000. -h Print help and quit. -v Print version and quit.
The memory blocks live longer than the threshold, are showed as: CallStack: memory expires with 101 bytes, backtrace: 0x00007fd322bd8220 libc-2.17.so malloc()+0 0x000000000040084e test foo()+14 foo.c:12 0x0000000000400875 test bar()+37 bar.c:20 0x0000000000400acb test main()+364 test.c:80 `CallStack` is the ID of CallStack where memory leak happens. The backtrace is showed only on the first time, while it only shows the ID and counter if expiring again: CallStack: memory expires with 101 bytes, 2 times again If the expired memory block is freed later, it shows: CallStack: expired-memory frees after 10 seconds If there are too many expired-memory-blocks are freed on one CallStack, this CallStack will not be showed again: Warning: too many expired-free at CallStack. will not show this CallStack later When you think you have found the answer, stop the debug. memleax quits on: * you stop it, by Ctrl-C or kill, * the target process quits, * too many leaks at one CallStack (option -m), or * too many CallStacks with memory leak (option -c). After quitting, it also gives statistics for the CallStacks with memory leak: CallStack: may-leak=20 (2020 bytes) expired=20 (2020 bytes), free_expired=0 (0 bytes) alloc=20 (2020 bytes), free=0 (0 bytes) freed memory live time: min=0 max=0 average=0 un-freed memory live time: max=20 0x00007fd322bd8220 libc-2.17.so malloc()+0 0x000000000040084e test foo()+14 foo.c:12 0x0000000000400875 test bar()+37 bar.c:20 0x0000000000400acb test main()+364 test.c:80
Written by Wu Bingzheng. Project GitHub: https://github.com/WuBingzheng/memleax