Provided by: maildir-utils_1.0-6_amd64 bug


       mu  -  a  set of tools to deal with Maildirs and message files, in particular to index and
       search e-mail messages.


       In alphabetical order:

       mu [options] general mu command

       mu add add specific messages to the database

       mu cfind [options] [<regexp>] find contacts

       mu extract [options] <file> [<parts>] [<regexp>] extract attachments and other MIME-parts

       mu find [options] <search expression> find messages

       mu index [options] (re)index the messages in a Maildir

       mu mkdir [options] <dir> [<dirs>] create a new Maildir

       mu remove [options] remove specific messages from the database

       mu script [options] run a mu (Guile) script

       mu server [options] start a server process (for mu4e-internal use)

       mu view <file> [<files>] view a specific message


       mu is a set of tools for dealing with Maildirs and the e-mail messages in them.

       mu's main function is to enable searching of e-mail messages. It does so  by  periodically
       scanning  a  Maildir  directory tree and analyzing the e-mail messages found ('indexing').
       The results of this analysis are stored in a database, which can then be queried.

       In addition to indexing and searching, mu also offers functionality for viewing  messages,
       extracting  attachments  and  creating  maildirs,  and  searching  and  exporting  contact

       mu can be used from the command line or can be integrated with various e-mail clients.

       This manpage gives a general overview of the available commands (index, find, etc.);  each
       mu command has its own man-page as well.


       mu offers the following commands:

       index  for indexing (analyzing) the contents of your Maildirs, and storing the information
              in a database. See mu-index(1)

       find   for finding messages in your database, using certain  search  parameters.  See  mu-

       cfind  for  finding contacts (names + e-mail addresses) matching a certain expression, and
              exporting the results in various formats for use in other programs.  mu-cfind(1)

       view   for displaying e-mail messages. See mu-view(1)

       mkdir  for creating Maildirs. See mu-mkdir(1)

              for extract MIME-parts (such as attachments) from messages. See mu-extract(1)


       Some mu sub-commands support colorized output, and do so by default.  If  you  don't  want
       colors, you can use --nocolor.

       Currently, mu find, mu view, mu cfind and mu extract support colors.


       mu's output is in the current locale, with the exceptions of the output specifically meant
       for output to UTF8-encoded files. In practice, this means  that  the  output  of  commands
       index, view, extract is always encoded according to the current locale.

       The  same  is  true  for  find and cfind, with some exceptions, where the output is always
       UTF-8, regardless of the locale.

       For cfind the exception is --format=bbdb.  This  is  hard-coded  to  UTF-8,  and  as  such
       specified in the output-file, so emacs/bbdb can handle it correctly without guessing.

       For  find the output is encoded according the locale for --format=plain (the default), and
       UTF-8 for all other formats (json, sexp, xml).


       Commands mu index and find and cfind work with the database, while the other ones work  on
       invidual  mail  files.  Hence,  running  view,  mkdir  and extract does not require the mu

       The various commands are discussed in more detail in their own  separate  man-pages;  here
       the general options are discussed.


       mu  offers  several  general  options that apply to all commands, including mu without any

              causes mu to use an alternative directory to store and read its database and  logs.
              By  default,  mu uses whatever the MU_HOME environment variable is set to; if it is
              not set, ~/.mu is used.

       -d, --debug
              makes mu generate extra debug information, useful for debugging the program itself.
              By default, debug information goes to the log file, ~/.mu/log/mu.log. It can safely
              be deleted when mu is not running. When running with --debug option, the  log  file
              can grow rather quickly. See the note on logging below.

       -q, --quiet
              causes mu not to output informational messages and progress information to standard
              output, but only to the log file. Error messages will still  be  sent  to  standard
              error. Note that mu index is much faster with --quiet, so it is recommended you use
              this option when using mu from scripts etc.

              causes mu to not output log messages to standard error, in addition to sending them
              to the log file.

       -v, --version
              prints mu version and copyright information.

       -h, --help
              lists  the  various  command  line  options,  while  --help-index,  --help-find and
              --help-all list only the options for respectively the specified command or for  all


       The  various  mu  subcommands typically exit with 0 (zero) upon success, and non-zero when
       some error occurred. The table lists the various error codes.

       exit code |  error
            1    |  MU_ERROR
            2    |  MU_ERROR_IN_PARAMETERS
            3    |  MU_ERROR_INTERNAL
            4    |  MU_ERROR_NO_MATCHES
            11   |  MU_ERROR_XAPIAN
            13   |  MU_ERROR_XAPIAN_QUERY
            15   |  MU_ERROR_XAPIAN_NOT_UP_TO_DATE
            16   |  MU_ERROR_XAPIAN_MISSING_DATA
            17   |  MU_ERROR_XAPIAN_CORRUPTION
            30   |  MU_ERROR_GMIME
            50   |  MU_ERROR_CONTACTS
            70   |  MU_ERROR_FILE
            71   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_INVALID_NAME
            72   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_CANNOT_LINK
            73   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_CANNOT_OPEN
            74   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_CANNOT_READ
            75   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_CANNOT_CREATE
            76   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_CANNOT_MKDIR
            77   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_STAT_FAILED
            78   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_READDIR_FAILED
            79   |  MU_ERROR_FILE_INVALID_SOURCE


       Please report bugs if you find them:


       Dirk-Jan C. Binnema <>


       mu-index(1) mu-find(1) mu-cfind(1) mu-mkdir(1)  mu-view(1)  mu-extract(1)  mu-easy(1)  mu-
       bookmarks(5) mu-query(7)