Provided by: mysql-utilities_1.6.4-1_all bug

NAME

       mysqlreplicate - Set Up and Start Replication Between Two Servers

SYNOPSIS

       mysqlreplicate [options]

DESCRIPTION

       This utility permits an administrator to setup and start replication from one server (the
       master) to another (the slave). The user provides login information for the slave and
       connection information for connecting to the master. It is also possible to specify a
       database to be used to test replication.

       The utility reports conditions where the storage engines on the master and the slave
       differ for older versions of the server. It also reports a warning if the InnoDB storage
       engine type (plugin verus built-in) differs on the master and slave. For InnoDB to be the
       same, both servers must be running the same "type" of InnoDB (built-in or the InnoDB
       Plugin), and InnoDB on both servers must have the same major and minor version numbers and
       enabled state.

       By default, the utility issues warnings for mismatches between the sets of storage
       engines, the default storage engine, and the InnoDB storage engine. To produce errors
       instead, use the --pedantic option, which requires storage engines to be the same on the
       master and slave.

       The -vv option displays any discrepancies between the storage engines and InnoDB values,
       with or without the --pedantic option.

       Replication can be started using one of the following strategies.

       ·   Start from the current position (default)

           Start replication from the current master binary log file and position. The utility
           uses the SHOW MASTER STATUS statement to retrieve this information.

       ·   Start from the beginning

           Start replication from the first event recorded in the master binary log. To do this,
           use the --start-from-beginning option.

       ·   Start from a binary log file

           Start replication from the first event in a specific master binary log file. To do
           this, use the --master-log-file option.

       ·   Start from a specific event

           Start replication from specific event coordinates (specific binary log file and
           position). To do this, use the --master-log-file and --master-log-pos options.
       OPTIONS.PP mysqlreplicate accepts the following command-line options:

       ·   --help

           Display a help message and exit.

       ·   --license

           Display license information and exit.

       ·   --master=<master>

           Connection information for the master server.

           To connect to a server, it is necessary to specify connection parameters such as the
           user name, host name, password, and either a port or socket. MySQL Utilities provides
           a number of ways to supply this information. All of the methods require specifying
           your choice via a command-line option such as --server, --master, --slave, etc. The
           methods include the following in order of most secure to least secure.

           ·   Use login-paths from your .mylogin.cnf file (encrypted, not visible). Example :
               <login-path>[:<port>][:<socket>]

           ·   Use a configuration file (unencrypted, not visible) Note: available in
               release-1.5.0. Example : <configuration-file-path>[:<section>]

           ·   Specify the data on the command-line (unencrypted, visible). Example :
               <user>[:<passwd>]@<host>[:<port>][:<socket>]

           ·   login-path (.mylogin.cnf) : <login-path>[:<port>][:<socket>]

           ·   Configuration file : <configuration-file-path>[:<section>]

           ·   Command-line : <user>[:<passwd>]@<host>[:<port>][:<socket>]

       ·   --master-log-file=<master_log_file>

           Begin replication from the beginning of this master log file.

       ·   --master-log-pos=<master_log_pos>

           Begin replication from this position in the master log file. This option is not valid
           unless --master-log-file is given.

       ·   --pedantic, -p

           Fail if both servers do not have the same set of storage engines, the same default
           storage engine, and the same InnoDB storage engine.

       ·   --rpl-user=<replication_user>

           The user and password for the replication user, in the format: <user>[:<password>] or
           <login-path>.

       ·   --slave=<slave>

           Connection information for the slave server.

           To connect to a server, it is necessary to specify connection parameters such as the
           user name, host name, password, and either a port or socket. MySQL Utilities provides
           a number of ways to supply this information. All of the methods require specifying
           your choice via a command-line option such as --server, --master, --slave, etc. The
           methods include the following in order of most secure to least secure.

           ·   Use login-paths from your .mylogin.cnf file (encrypted, not visible). Example :
               <login-path>[:<port>][:<socket>]

           ·   Use a configuration file (unencrypted, not visible) Note: available in
               release-1.5.0. Example : <configuration-file-path>[:<section>]

           ·   Specify the data on the command-line (unencrypted, visible). Example :
               <user>[:<passwd>]@<host>[:<port>][:<socket>]

       ·   --start-from-beginning, -b

           Start replication at the beginning of events logged in the master binary log. This
           option is not valid unless both --master-log-file and --master-log-pos are given.

       ·   --ssl-ca

           The path to a file that contains a list of trusted SSL CAs.

       ·   --ssl-cert

           The name of the SSL certificate file to use for establishing a secure connection.

       ·   --ssl-cert

           The name of the SSL key file to use for establishing a secure connection.

       ·   --ssl

           Specifies if the server connection requires use of SSL. If an encrypted connection
           cannot be established, the connection attempt fails. Default setting is 0 (SSL not
           required).

       ·   --test-db=<test_database>

           The database name to use for testing the replication setup. If this option is not
           given, no testing is done, only error checking.

       ·   --verbose, -v

           Specify how much information to display. Use this option multiple times to increase
           the amount of information. For example, -v = verbose, -vv = more verbose, -vvv =
           debug.

       ·   --version

           Display version information and exit.
       NOTES.PP The login user for the master server must have the appropriate permissions to
       grant access to all databases, and have the ability to create user accounts. For example,
       the user account used to connect to the master must have the WITH GRANT OPTION privilege.

       The server IDs on the master and slave must be nonzero and unique. The utility reports an
       error if the server ID is 0 on either server or the same on the master and slave. Set
       these values before starting this utility.

       Mixing IP and hostnames is not recommended. The replication-specific utilities will
       attempt to compare hostnames and IP addresses as aliases for checking slave connectivity
       to the master. However, if your installation does not support reverse name lookup, the
       comparison could fail. Without the ability to do a reverse name lookup, the replication
       utilities could report a false negative that the slave is (not) connected to the master.

       For example, if you setup replication using "MASTER_HOST=ubuntu.net" on the slave and
       later connect to the slave with mysqlrplcheck and have the master specified as
       "--master=192.168.0.6" using the valid IP address for "ubuntu.net", you must have the
       ability to do a reverse name lookup to compare the IP (192.168.0.6) and the hostname
       (ubuntu.net) to determine if they are the same machine.

       The path to the MySQL client tools should be included in the PATH environment variable in
       order to use the authentication mechanism with login-paths. This will allow the utility to
       use the my_print_defaults tools which is required to read the login-path values from the
       login configuration file (.mylogin.cnf).  EXAMPLES.PP To set up replication between two
       MySQL instances running on different ports of the same host using the default settings,
       use this command:

           shell> mysqlreplicate --master=root@localhost:3306 \
                     --slave=root@localhost:3307 --rpl-user=rpl:rpl
           # master on localhost: ... connected.
           # slave on localhost: ... connected.
           # Checking for binary logging on master...
           # Setting up replication...
           # ...done.

       The following command uses --pedantic to ensure that replication between the master and
       slave is successful if and only if both servers have the same storage engines available,
       the same default storage engine, and the same InnoDB storage engine:

           shell> mysqlreplicate --master=root@localhost:3306 \
                     --slave=root@localhost:3307 --rpl-user=rpl:rpl -vv --pedantic
           # master on localhost: ... connected.
           # slave on localhost: ... connected.
           # master id = 2
           #  slave id = 99
           # Checking InnoDB statistics for type and version conflicts.
           # Checking storage engines...
           # Checking for binary logging on master...
           # Setting up replication...
           # Flushing tables on master with read lock...
           # Connecting slave to master...
           # CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST = [...omitted...]
           # Starting slave...
           # status: Waiting for master to send event
           # error: 0:
           # Unlocking tables on master...
           # ...done.

       The following command starts replication from the current position of the master (which is
       the default):

           shell> mysqlreplicate --master=root@localhost:3306 \
                     --slave=root@localhost:3307 --rpl-user=rpl:rpl
            # master on localhost: ... connected.
            # slave on localhost: ... connected.
            # Checking for binary logging on master...
            # Setting up replication...
            # ...done.

       The following command starts replication from the beginning of recorded events on the
       master:

           shell> mysqlreplicate --master=root@localhost:3306 \
                --slave=root@localhost:3307 --rpl-user=rpl:rpl \
                --start-from-beginning
            # master on localhost: ... connected.
            # slave on localhost: ... connected.
            # Checking for binary logging on master...
            # Setting up replication...
            # ...done.

       The following command starts replication from the beginning of a specific master binary
       log file:

           shell> mysqlreplicate --master=root@localhost:3306 \
                     --slave=root@localhost:3307 --rpl-user=rpl:rpl \
                     --master-log-file=my_log.000003
            # master on localhost: ... connected.
            # slave on localhost: ... connected.
            # Checking for binary logging on master...
            # Setting up replication...
            # ...done.

       The following command starts replication from specific master binary log coordinates
       (specific log file and position):

           shell> mysqlreplicate --master=root@localhost:3306 \
                     --slave=root@localhost:3307 --rpl-user=rpl:rpl \
                     --master-log-file=my_log.000001 --master-log-pos=96
            # master on localhost: ... connected.
            # slave on localhost: ... connected.
            # Checking for binary logging on master...
            # Setting up replication...
            # ...done.

       RECOMMENDATIONS.PP You should set read_only=1 in the my.cnf file for the slave to ensure
       that no accidental data changes, such as INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, and so forth, are
       permitted on the slave other than those produced by events read from the master.

       Use the --pedantic and -vv options for setting up replication on production servers to
       avoid possible problems with differing storage engines.  PERMISSIONS REQUIRED.PP The users
       on the master need the following privileges: SELECT and INSERT privileges on mysql
       database, REPLICATION SLAVE, REPLICATION CLIENT and GRANT OPTION. The slave users need the
       SUPER privilege. The repl user, used as the argument for the --rpl-user option, is either
       created automatically or if it exists, it needs the REPLICATION SLAVE privilege.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright © 2006, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under
       the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
       version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
       WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

SEE ALSO

       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Utilities and Fabric documentation, which
       is available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/index-utils-fabric.html

AUTHOR

       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).