Provided by: ncftp_3.2.5-2.1_amd64 bug


       ncftp - Browser program for the File Transfer Protocol


       ncftp [host]

       ncftp []


       The  purpose  of  ncftp  is  to  provide a powerful and flexible interface to the Internet
       standard File Transfer Protocol.  It is intended to replace the  stock  ftp  program  that
       comes with the system.

       Although  the program appears to be rather spartan, you'll find that ncftp has a wealth of
       valuable performance and usage features.  The program was designed  with  an  emphasis  on
       usability,  and  it  does  as  much as it can for you automatically so you can do what you
       expect to  do  with  a  file  transfer  program,  which  is  transfer  files  between  two
       interconnected systems.

       Some  of  the  cooler  features include progress meters, filename completion, command-line
       editing, background  processing,  auto-resume  downloads,  bookmarking,  cached  directory
       listings, host redialing, working with firewalls and proxies, downloading entire directory
       trees, etc., etc.

       The ncftp distribution comes with the useful utility programs ncftpget(1) and  ncftpput(1)
       which  were designed to do command-line FTP.  In particular, they are very handy for shell
       scripts.  This version of ncftp no longer does command-line  FTP,  since  the  main  ncftp
       program is more of a browser-type program.

       The  program allows you to specify a host or directory URL on the command line.  This is a
       synonym for running ncftp and then using the open command.  A few command-line  flags  are
       allowed with this mode:

       -u XX   Use username XX instead of anonymous.

       -p XX   Use password XX with the username.

       -j XX   Use account XX in supplement to the username and password (deprecated).

       -P XX   Use port number XX instead of the default FTP service port (21).

       Upon running the program you are presented a command prompt where you type commands to the
       program's shell.  Usually you will want to open a remote filesystem to transfer  files  to
       and  from your local machine's filesystem.  To do that, you need to know the symbolic name
       of the remote system, or its Internet Protocol (IP) address.  For example, a symbolic name
       might  be  ``,''  and  its IP address could be ``''  To open a
       connection to that system, you use the program's open command:


       Both of these try to open the machine called typhoon at the University of Nebraska.  Using
       the  symbolic  name  is the preferred way, because IP addresses may change without notice,
       while the symbolic names usually stay the same.

       When you open a remote filesystem, you  need  to  have  permission.   The  FTP  Protocol's
       authentication  system is very similar to that of logging in to your account.  You have to
       give an account name, and its password for access to that account's files.  However,  most
       remote systems that have anything you might be interested in don't require an account name
       for use.  You can often get anonymous access to a remote  filesystem  and  exchange  files
       that have been made publicly accessible.  The program attempts to get anonymous permission
       to a remote system by default.  What actually happens is that the  program  tries  to  use
       ``anonymous''  as  the  account  name,  and when prompted for a password, uses your E-mail
       address as a courtesy to the remote system's maintainer.  You can have the program try  to
       use a specific account also.  That will be explained later.

       After  the open command completes successfully, you are connected to the remote system and
       logged in.  You should now see the command prompt  change  to  reflect  the  name  of  the
       current  remote directory.  To see what's in the current remote directory, you can use the
       program's ls and dir commands.  The former is terse, preferring more remote files in  less
       screen  space, and the latter is more verbose, giving detailed information about each item
       in the directory.

       You can use the program's cd command to move to other directories on  the  remote  system.
       The  cd command behaves very much like the command of the same name in the Bourne and Korn

       The purpose of the program is to exchange data  with  other  systems.   You  can  use  the
       program's get command to copy a file from the remote system to your local system:

            get README.txt

       The  program  will display the progress of the transfer on the screen, so you can tell how
       much needs to be done before the transfer finishes.  When the transfer does  finish,  then
       you can enter more commands to the program's command shell.

       You  can  use  the  program's  put  command  to copy a file from your system to the remote

            put something.tar

       When you are finished using the remote system, you can open another one or use the quit

       Before quitting, you may want to save the current FTP session's settings for  later.   You
       can use the bookmark command to save an entry into your $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks file.  When
       you use the bookmark command, you also specify a bookmark name, so the next  time  instead
       of  opening  the full hostname you can use the name of the bookmark.  A bookmark acts just
       like one for your web browser, so it saves the remote directory you were in,  the  account
       name  you  used,  etc., and other information it learned so that the next time you use the
       bookmark it should require as little effort from you as possible.

       help   The first command to know is help.  If you just type


              from the command shell, the program prints  the  names  of  all  of  the  supported
              commands.   From  there,  you  can  get  specific  help for a command by typing the
              command after, for example:

                   help open

              prints information about the open command.

       ascii  This command sets the transfer type to ASCII text.  This is  useful  for  text-only
              transfers because the concept of text files differs between operating systems.  For
              example on UNIX, a text file denotes line breaks with the linefeed character, while
              on  MS-DOS  a  line break is denoted by both a carriage return character and a line
              feed character.  Therefore, for data transfers that you consider the data  as  text
              you  can use ascii to ensure that both the remote system and local system translate
              accordingly.  The default transfer type that ncftp uses is not ASCII, but  straight

       bgget and bgput
              These  commands correspond to the get and put commands explained below, except that
              they do the job in the background.  Normally when you do a  get  then  the  program
              does  the  download  immediately,  and  does  not  return  control to you until the
              download completes.  The background transfers are nice  because  you  can  continue
              browsing the remote filesystem and even open other systems.  In fact, they are done
              by a daemon process, so even if you log off your UNIX host the daemon should  still
              do  your  transfers.   The  daemon  will  also  automatically continue to retry the
              transfers until they finish.  To tell when background jobs have finished, you  have
              to  examine  the  $HOME/.ncftp/spool/log  file, or run the jobs command from within

              Both the bgget and bgput commands allow you to schedule when to do  the  transfers.
              They  take  a ``-@'' parameter, whose argument is a date of the form YYYYMMDDhhmmss
              (four digit year, month, day, hour, minute, second).  For example,  to  schedule  a
              download at 3 AM on November 6, you could try:

                   bgget -@ 19971106030000 /pub/idstuff/quake/

              This  command  tells  ncftp  to  immediately  start the background transfers you've
              requested, which simply runs a copy of the ncftpbatch program which is  responsible
              for  the  background  jobs.   Normally the program will start the background job as
              soon as you close the current site, open a new site,  or  quit  the  program.   The
              reason  for  this  is  because since so many users still use slow dialup links that
              starting the transfers would slow things to a crawl, making it difficult to  browse
              the  remote  system.   An added bonus of starting the background job when you close
              the site is that ncftp can pass off that open connection to the ncftpbatch program.
              That  is nice when the site is always busy, so that the background job doesn't have
              to wait and get re-logged on to do its job.

       binary Sets the transfer type to raw binary, so that no translation is done  on  the  data
              transferred.  This is the default anyway, since most files are in binary.

              Saves  the  current  session  settings  for  later use.  This is useful to save the
              remote system and remote working directory so you can quickly resume where you left
              off  some  other  time.  The bookmark data is stored in your $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks

              Lists the contents of your $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks file in a human-readable  format.
              You  can  use  this  command  to  recall  the  bookmark  name of a previously saved
              bookmark, so that you can use the open command with it.

       cat    Acts like the ``/bin/cat'' UNIX command, only for remote files.  This downloads the
              file  you  specify and dumps it directly to the screen.  You will probably find the
              page command more useful, since that lets you view the file one screen  at  a  time
              instead of printing the entire file at once.

       cd     Changes  the  working  directory  on  the remote host.  Use this command to move to
              different areas on the remote server.  If you just opened a new site, you might  be
              in    the    root    directory.     Perhaps    there   was   a   directory   called
              ``/pub/news/comp.sources.d'' that someone told you about.  From the root directory,
              you could:

                   cd pub
                   cd news
                   cd comp.sources.d

              or, more concisely,

                   cd /pub/news/comp.sources.d

              Then,  commands  such  as  get, put, and ls could be used to refer to items in that

              Some shells in the UNIX environment have a feature I like, which  is  switching  to
              the previous directory.  Like those shells, you can do:

                   cd -

              to change to the last directory you were in.

       chmod  Acts like the ``/bin/chmod'' UNIX command, only for remote files.  However, this is
              not a standard command, so remote FTP servers may not support it.

       close  Disconnects  you  from  the  remote  server.   The  program  does  this   for   you
              automatically  when  needed, so you can simply open other sites or quit the program
              without worrying about closing the connection by hand.

       debug  This command is mostly for internal testing.  You could type

                   debug 1

              to turn debugging mode on.  Then you could see all messages between the program and
              the  remote  server,  and things that are only printed in debugging mode.  However,
              this information is also available in the $HOME/.ncftp/trace file, which is created
              each  time  you  run  ncftp.  If you need to report a bug, send a trace file if you

       dir    Prints a detailed directory listing.  It tries to behave like UNIX's ``/bin/ls -l''
              command.   If  the remote server seems to be a UNIX host, you can also use the same
              flags you would with ls, for instance

                   dir -rt

              would try to act like

                   /bin/ls -lrt

              would on UNIX.

       edit   Downloads into a temporary file for editing on the local  host,  then  uploads  the
              changed file back to the remote host.

       get    Copies  files  from  the  current  working  directory  on  the  remote host to your
              machine's  current  working  directory.   To  place  a  copy  of   ``README''   and
              ``README.too'' in your local directory, you could try:

                   get README README.too

              You could also accomplish that by using a wildcard expression, such as:

                   get README*

              This  command  is  similar to the behavior of other FTP programs' mget command.  To
              retrieve a remote file but give it a different name on your host, you can  use  the
              ``-z''  flag.  This example shows how to download a file called ReadMe.txt but name
              it locally as README:

                   get -z ReadMe.txt README

              The program tries to ``resume'' downloads by  default.   This  means  that  if  the
              remote  FTP server lost the connection and was only able to send 490 kilobytes of a
              500 kilobyte file, you could reconnect to the FTP server and do another get on  the
              same  file  name  and it would get the last 10 kilobytes, instead of retrieving the
              entire file again.  There are some occasions where you may not want that  behavior.
              To turn it off you can use the ``-f'' flag.

              There are also times where you want to append to an existing file.  You can do this
              by using the ``-A'' flag, for example

                   get -A log.11

              would append to a file named ``log.11'' if it existed locally.

              Another thing you can do is delete a remote file after you download it.   This  can
              be  useful  when  a  remote  host  expects  a  file  to be removed when it has been
              retrieved.  Use the double-D flag, such as ``get -DD'' to do this.

              The get command lets you retrieve entire directory trees, too.  Although it may not
              work  with some remote systems, you can try ``get -R'' with a directory to download
              the directory and its contents.

              When using the ``-R'' flag, you can also use the ``-T'' flag to  disable  automatic
              on-the-fly  TAR  mode  for downloading whole directory trees.  The program uses TAR
              whenever possible since this usually preserves symbolic links and file permissions.
              TAR  mode can also result in faster transfers for directories containing many small
              files, since a single  data  connection  can  be  used  rather  than  an  FTP  data
              connection  for  each  small  file.  The  downside  to  using TAR is that it forces
              downloading of the whole directory, even if you had previously downloaded a portion
              of it earlier, so you may want to use this option if you want to resume downloading
              of a directory.

       jobs   Views the list of currently executing NcFTP background tasks.  This  actually  just
              runs ncftpbatch -l for you.

       lcd    The lcd command is the first of a few ``l'' commands that work with the local host.
              This changes the current working directory on the  local  host.   If  you  want  to
              download  files  into  a  different local directory, you could use lcd to change to
              that directory and then do your downloads.

       lchmod Runs ``/bin/chmod'' on the local host.

       lls    Another local  command  that  comes  in  handy  is  the  lls  command,  which  runs
              ``/bin/ls''  on  the  local  host and displays the results in the program's window.
              You can use the same flags with lls as you would in your command shell, so you  can
              do things like:

                   lcd ~/doc
                   lls -lrt p*.txt

       lmkdir Runs ``/bin/mkdir'' on the local host.

       lookup The  program  also  has  a  built-in  interface  to the name service via the lookup
              command.  This means you can lookup entries for remote hosts, like:




              There is also a more detailed option, enabled with ``-v,'' i.e.:

                   lookup -v




              You can also give IP addresses, so this would work too:




       lpage  Views a local file one page at a time, with your preferred $PAGER program.

       lpwd   Prints the current local directory.  Use this command when you forget where you are
              on your local machine.

              Runs ``/bin/mv'' on the local host.

       lrm    Runs ``/bin/rm'' on the local host.

       lrmdir Runs ``/bin/rmdir'' on the local host.

       ls     Prints  a directory listing from the remote system.  It tries to behave like UNIX's
              ``/bin/ls -CF'' command.  If the remote server seems to be a  UNIX  host,  you  can
              also use the same flags you would with ls, for instance

                   ls -rt

              would try to act like

                   /bin/ls -CFrt

              would on UNIX.

              ncftp has a powerful built-in system for dealing with directory listings.  It tries
              to cache each one, so if you list the same directory,  odds  are  it  will  display
              instantly.   Behind  the  scenes,  ncftp  always  tries  a  long  listing, and then
              reformats it as it needs to.  So even if your first listing of a  directory  was  a
              regular  ``ls''  which  displayed  the files in columns, your next listing could be
              ``ls -lrt'' and ncftp would still use  the  cached  directory  listing  to  quickly
              display the information for you!

       mkdir  Creates  a  new  directory on the remote host.  For many public archives, you won't
              have the proper access permissions to do that.

       open   Establishes an FTP control connection to a remote host.  By default, ncftp logs  in
              anonymously  to  the remote host.  You may want to use a specific user account when
              you log in, so you can use the ``-u'' flag to specify  which  user.   This  example
              shows how to open the host ``'' using the username ``mario:''

                   open -u mario

              Here is a list of options available for use with the open command:

              -u XX Use username XX instead of anonymous.

              -p XX Use password XX with the username.

              -j XX Use account XX in supplement to the username and password (deprecated).

              -P XX Use port number XX instead of the default FTP service port (21).

       page   Browses  a  remote  file  one  page  at a time, using your $PAGER program.  This is
              useful for reading README's on the remote host without downloading them first.

       pdir and pls
              These commands are equivalent to dir and ls  respectively,  only  they  feed  their
              output  to  your pager.  These commands are useful if the directory listing scrolls
              off your screen.

       put    Copies files from the local host to the remote machine's current working directory.
              To  place  a  copy  of ``'' and ``'' in the remote directory, you could


              You could also accomplish that by using a wildcard expression, such as:

                   put *.zip

              This command is similar to the behavior of other FTP programs'  mput  command.   To
              send  a  remote  file  but  give  it a different name on your host, you can use the
              ``-z''   flag.    This   example   shows   how   to   upload    a    file    called
              ``ncftpd-2.0.6.tar.gz'' but name it remotely as ``NFTPD206.TGZ:''

                   put -z ncftpd-2.0.6.tar.gz NFTPD206.TGZ

              The  program  does  not  try  to  ``resume'' uploads by default.  If you do want to
              resume an upload, use the ``-z'' flag.

              There are also times where you want to append to an existing remote file.  You  can
              do this by using the ``-A'' flag, for example

                   put -A log11.txt

              would append to a file named ``log11.txt'' if it existed on the remote server.

              Another  thing  you  can  do  is  delete a local file after you upload it.  Use the
              double-D flag, such as ``put -DD'' to do this.

              The put command lets you send entire directory trees, too.  It should work  on  all
              remote  systems, so you can try ``put -R'' with a directory to upload the directory
              and its contents.

       pwd    Prints the current remote working directory.  A portion of  the  pathname  is  also
              displayed in the shell's prompt.

       quit   Of  course,  when  you  finish using the program, type quit to end the program (You
              could also use bye, exit, or ^D).

       quote  This can be used to send a direct  FTP  Protocol  command  to  the  remote  server.
              Generally this isn't too useful to the average user.

       rename If  you  need  to change the name of a remote file, you can use the rename command,

                   rename SPHYGMTR.TAR sphygmomanometer-2.3.1.tar

       rhelp  Sends a help request to the remote server.  The list of FTP  Protocol  commands  is
              often  printed,  and sometimes some other information that is actually useful, like
              how to reach the site administrator.

              Depending on the remote server, you may be able to give a parameter to  the  server
              also, like:

                   rhelp NLST

              One server responded:

                   Syntax: NLST [ <sp> path-name ]

       rm     If  you  need to delete a remote file you can try the rm command.  Much of the time
              this won't work because you won't have the proper access permissions.  This command
              doesn't  accept  any  flags,  so you can't nuke a whole tree by using ``-rf'' flags
              like you can on UNIX.

       rmdir  Similarly, the rmdir command removes a directory.  Depending on the remote  server,
              you may be able to remove a non-empty directory, so be careful.

       set    This lets you configure some program variables, which are saved between runs in the
              $HOME/.ncftp/prefs file.  The basic syntax is:

                   set <option> <value>

              For example, to change the value you use for the anonymous password, you might do:

                   set anon-password

              See the next section for a list of things you change.

       show   This lets you display program variables.  You can do ``show all'' to display all of
              them, or give a variable name to just display that one, such as:

                   show anon-password

       site   One  obscure  command you may have to use someday is site.  The FTP Protocol allows
              for ``site specific'' commands.  These ``site'' commands vary of course, such as:

                   site chmod 644 README

              Actually, ncftp's chmod command really does the above.

              Try doing one of these to see what the remote server supports, if any:

                   rhelp SITE
                   site help

       type   You may need to change transfer types during the course of a session with a server.
              You can use the type command to do this.  Try one of these:

                   type ascii
                   type binary
                   type image

              The ascii command is equivalent to ``type a'', and the binary command is equivalent
              to ``type i'' and ``type b''.

       umask  Sets the process' umask on the remote server, if it has any  concept  of  a  umask,

                   umask 077

              However, this is not a standard command, so remote FTP servers may not support it.

              This command dumps some information about the particular edition of the program you
              are using, and how it was installed on your system.

              Specifies what to use for the  password  when  logging  in  anonymously.   Internet
              convention  has  been  to  use  your  E-mail  address  as  a  courtesy  to the site
              administrator.  If you change this, be aware that some  sites  require  (i.e.  they
              check for) valid E-mail addresses.

              NcFTP  3  now  prompts  the  user  by  default when you try to download a file that
              already exists locally, or upload a  file  that  already  exists  remotely.   Older
              versions  of  the  program  automatically guessed whether to overwrite the existing
              file or attempt to resume where it left off, but sometimes the program would  guess
              wrong.  If you would prefer that the program always guess which action to take, set
              this variable to yes, otherwise, leave it set to no and the program will prompt you
              for which action to take.

              If  set  to  a  list  of  pipe-character  delimited  extensions,  files  with these
              extensions will be sent in ASCII mode even if binary mode is currently  in  effect.
              This  option  allows  you to transfer most files in binary, with the exception of a
              few well-known file types that should be sent in ASCII.  This option is enabled  by
              default, and set to a list of common extensions (e.g., .txt and .html).

              With  the advent of version 3 of NcFTP, the program treats bookmarks more like they
              would with your web browser, which means that  once  you  bookmark  the  site,  the
              remote directory is static.  If you set this variable to yes, then the program will
              automatically update the bookmark's starting remote directory  with  the  directory
              you  were  in  when  you closed the site.  This behavior would be more like that of
              NcFTP version 2.

              By default the program will ask you when a site you haven't bookmarked is about  to
              be closed.  To turn this prompt off, you can set this variable to no.

              Previous  versions  of the program used a single timeout value for everything.  You
              can now have different values for different operations.  However, you  probably  do
              not need to change these from the defaults unless you have special requirements.

              The  connect-timeout  variable  controls  how  long  to  wait,  in  seconds,  for a
              connection establishment to complete  before  considering  it  hopeless.   You  can
              choose to not use a timeout at all by setting this to -1.

              This  is the timer used when ncftp sends an FTP command over the control connection
              to the remote server.  If the server  hasn't  replied  in  that  many  seconds,  it
              considers the session lost.

              This  is  controls  how  large  the transfer log ($HOME/.ncftp/log) can grow to, in
              kilobytes.  The default is 200, for 200kB; if you don't want a log, set this to 0.

       pager  This is the external program to use to view a text file, and is more by default.

              This controls ncftp's behavior for data connections, and can be set to one  of  on,
              off, or the default, optional.  When passive mode is on, ncftp uses the FTP command
              primitive PASV to have the client establish data connections to  the  server.   The
              default  FTP  protocol  behavior is to use the FTP command primitive PORT which has
              the server establish data connections to the client.  The default setting for  this
              variable, optional, allows ncftp to choose whichever method it deems necessary.

              You  can change how the program reports file transfer status.  Select from meter 2,
              1, or 0.

              When a host is busy or unavailable, the program waits this number of seconds before
              trying  again.   The  smallest  you can set this is to 10 seconds -- so if you were
              planning on being inconsiderate, think again.

              If you set this variable to yes, the program will save  passwords  along  with  the
              bookmarks  you  save.   While this makes non-anonymous logins more convenient, this
              can be very dangerous  since  your  account  information  is  now  sitting  in  the
              $HOME/.ncftp/bookmarks  file.   The passwords aren't in clear text, but it is still
              trivial to decode them if someone wants to make a modest effort.

              If set to yes and operating from within an xterm window, the  program  will  change
              the window's titlebar accordingly.

              If  your  operating  system  supports  TCP  Large Windows, you can try setting this
              variable to the number of bytes to set the TCP/IP socket buffer  to.   This  option
              won't  be of much use unless the remote server also supports large window sizes and
              is pre-configured with them enabled.

              This timer controls how long to wait for data blocks to complete.  Don't  set  this
              too low or else your transfers will timeout without completing.

       You  may  find  that your network administrator has placed a firewall between your machine
       and the Internet, and that you cannot reach external hosts.

       The answer may be as simple as setting ncftp to use passive mode only, which  you  can  do
       from a ncftp command prompt like this:

            set passive on

       The  reason  for  this  is because many firewalls do not allow incoming connections to the
       site, but do allow users to establish outgoing connections.  A passive data connection  is
       established  by  the  client  to  the  server,  whereas  the  default is for the server to
       establish the connection to the client, which firewalls may object to.  Of course, you now
       may have problems with sites whose primitive FTP servers do not support passive mode.

       Otherwise,  if  you  know  you  need to have ncftp communicate directly with a firewall or
       proxy, you can try editing the separate $HOME/.ncftp/firewall  configuration  file.   This
       file  is  created  automatically  the first time you run the program, and contains all the
       information you need to get the program to work in this setup.

       The basics of this process are configuring a firewall (proxy) host to go through,  a  user
       account and password for authentication on the firewall, and which type of firewall method
       to use.  You can also setup an exclusion list, so that ncftp does not use the firewall for
       hosts on the local network.


              Saves bookmark and host information.

              Firewall access configuration file.

              Program preferences.

              Debugging output for entire program run.

              Used to tell if this version of the program has run before.

              Directory  where  background  jobs  are  stored  in the form of spool configuration

              Information for background data transfer processes.


       PATH   User's search path, used to find the ncftpbatch  program,  pager,  and  some  other
              system utilities.

       PAGER  Program to use to view text files one page at a time.

       TERM   If  the program was compiled with support for GNU Readline it will need to know how
              to manipulate the terminal correctly for line-editing, etc.  The pager program will
              also take advantage of this setting.

       HOME   By  default,  the program writes its configuration data in a .ncftp subdirectory of
              the HOME directory.

              If set, the program will use this directory instead of $HOME/.ncftp.  This variable
              is optional except for those users whose home directory is the root directory.

              Both the built-in ls command and the external ls command need this to determine how
              many screen columns the terminal has.


       There are no such sites named or

       Auto-resume should check the file timestamps instead of relying upon just the file  sizes,
       but it is difficult to do this reliably within FTP.

       Directory caching and recursive downloads depend on UNIX-like behavior of the remote host.


       Mike Gleason, NcFTP Software (


       ncftpput(1), ncftpget(1), ncftpbatch(1), ftp(1), rcp(1), tftp(1).

       LibNcFTP (

       NcFTPd (


       Thanks  to  everyone  who uses the program.  Your support is what drives me to improve the

       I thank Dale Botkin and Tim Russell at my former ISP, Probe Technology.

       Ideas and some code contributed by my partner, Phil Dietz.

       Thanks to Brad Mittelstedt and Chris Tjon, for driving and refining the development of the
       backbone of this project, LibNcFTP.

       I'd like to thank my former system administrators, most notably Charles Daniel, for making
       testing on a variety of platforms possible, letting me have some extra disk space, and for
       maintaining the UNL FTP site.

       For  testing  versions 1 and 2 above and beyond the call of duty, I am especially grateful
       to: Phil Dietz, Kok Hon Yin, and Andrey A. Chernov (

       Thanks to Tim MacKenzie ( for the original filename completion  code
       for version 2.3.0 and 2.4.2.

       Thanks to DaviD W. Sanderson (, for helping me out with the man page.

       Thanks to those of you at UNL who appreciate my work.

       Thanks  to  Red  Hat  Software  for honoring my licensing agreement, but more importantly,
       thanks for providing a solid and affordable development platform.


       To the users, for not being able to respond personally to most of your inquiries.

       To Phil, for things not being the way they should be.