Provided by: syslog-ng-core_3.19.1-3_amd64 bug

NAME

       pdbtool - An application to test and convert syslog-ng pattern database rules

SYNOPSIS

       pdbtool [command] [options]

DESCRIPTION

       This manual page is only an abstract, for the complete documentation of syslog-ng and
       pdbtool, see The syslog-ng Administrator Guide[1].

       The syslog-ng application can match the contents of the log messages to a database of
       predefined message patterns (also called patterndb). By comparing the messages to the
       known patterns, syslog-ng is able to identify the exact type of the messages, tag the
       messages, and sort them into message classes. The message classes can be used to classify
       the type of the event described in the log message. The functionality of the pattern
       database is similar to that of the logcheck project, but the syslog-ng approach is faster,
       scales better, and is much easier to maintain compared to the regular expressions of
       logcheck.

       The pdbtool application is a utility that can be used to:

       ·   test messages, or specific rules

       ·   convert an older pattern database to the latest database format

       ·   merge pattern databases into a single file

       ·   automatically create pattern databases from a large amount of log messages

       ·   dump the RADIX tree built from the pattern database (or a part of it) to explore how
           the pattern matching works.

THE DICTIONARY COMMAND

       dictionary [options]

       Lists every name-value pair that can be set by the rules of the pattern database.

       --dump-tags or -T
           List the tags instead of the names of the name-value pairs.

       --pdb <path-to-file> or -p <path-to-file>
           Name of the pattern database file to use.

       --program <programname> or -P <programname>
           List only the name-value pairs that can be set for the messages of the specified
           $PROGRAM application.

THE DUMP COMMAND

       dump [options]

       Display the RADIX tree built from the patterns. This shows how are the patterns
       represented in syslog-ng and it might also help to track down pattern-matching problems.
       The dump utility can dump the tree used for matching the PROGRAM or the MESSAGE parts.

       --debug or -d
           Enable debug/diagnostic messages on stderr.

       --pdb or -p
           Name of the pattern database file to use.

       --program or -P
           Displays the RADIX tree built from the patterns belonging to the ${PROGRAM}
           application.

       --program-tree or -T
           Display the ${PROGRAM} tree.

       --verbose or -v
           Enable verbose messages on stderr.

       Example and sample output:

           pdbtool dump -p patterndb.xml  -P 'sshd'

           'p'
              'assword for'
                @QSTRING:@
                  'from'
                   @QSTRING:@
                     'port '
                       @NUMBER:@ rule_id='fc49054e-75fd-11dd-9bba-001e6806451b'
                         ' ssh' rule_id='fc55cf86-75fd-11dd-9bba-001e6806451b'
                            '2' rule_id='fc4b7982-75fd-11dd-9bba-001e6806451b'
               'ublickey for'
                 @QSTRING:@
                   'from'
                    @QSTRING:@
                      'port '
                        @NUMBER:@ rule_id='fc4d377c-75fd-11dd-9bba-001e6806451b'
                          ' ssh' rule_id='fc5441ac-75fd-11dd-9bba-001e6806451b'
                             '2' rule_id='fc44a9fe-75fd-11dd-9bba-001e6806451b'

THE MATCH COMMAND

       match [options]

       Use the match command to test the rules in a pattern database. The command tries to match
       the specified message against the patterns of the database, evaluates the parsers of the
       pattern, and also displays which part of the message was parsed successfully. The command
       returns with a 0 (success) or 1 (no match) return code and displays the following
       information:

       ·   the class assigned to the message (that is, system, violation, and so on),

       ·   the ID of the rule that matched the message, and

       ·   the values of the parsers (if there were parsers in the matching pattern).

       The match command has the following options:

       --color-out  or -c
           Color the terminal output to highlight the part of the message that was successfully
           parsed.

       --debug or -d
           Enable debug/diagnostic messages on stderr.

       --debug-csv or -C
           Print the debugging information returned by the --debug-pattern option as
           comma-separated values.

       --debug-pattern or -D
           Print debugging information about the pattern matching. See also the --debug-csv
           option.

       --file=<filename-with-path> or -f
           Process the messages of the specified log file with the pattern database. This option
           allows to classify messages offline, and to apply the pattern database to already
           existing logfiles. To read the messages from the standard input (stdin), specify a
           hyphen (-) character instead of a filename.

       --filter=<filter-expression> or -F
           Print only messages matching the specified syslog-ng filter expression.

       --message or -M
           The text of the log message to match (only the ${MESSAGE} part without the syslog
           headers).

       --pdb or -p
           Name of the pattern database file to use.

       --program or -P
           Name of the program to use, as contained in the ${PROGRAM} part of the syslog message.

       --template=<template-expression> or -T
           A syslog-ng template expression that is used to format the output messages.

       --verbose or -v
           Enable verbose messages on stderr.

       Example: The following command checks if the patterndb.xml file recognizes the Accepted
       publickey for myuser from 127.0.0.1 port 59357 ssh2 message:

           pdbtool match -p patterndb.xml -P sshd -M "Accepted publickey for myuser from 127.0.0.1 port 59357 ssh2"

       The following example applies the sshd.pdb pattern database file to the log messages
       stored in the /var/log/messages file, and displays only the messages that received a
       useracct tag.

           pdbtool match -p sshd.pdb \
             –file /var/log/messages \
             –filter ‘tags(“usracct”);’

THE MERGE COMMAND

       merge [options]

       Use the merge command to combine separate pattern database files into a single file
       (pattern databases are usually stored in separate files per applications to simplify
       maintenance). If a file uses an older database format, it is automatically updated to the
       latest format (V3). See the The syslog-ng Administrator Guide[1] for details on the
       different pattern database versions.

       --debug or -d
           Enable debug/diagnostic messages on stderr.

       --directory or -D
           The directory that contains the pattern database XML files to be merged.

       --glob or -G
           Specify filenames to be merged using a glob pattern, for example, using wildcards. For
           details on glob patterns, see man glob. This pattern is applied only to the filenames,
           and not on directory names.

       --pdb or -p
           Name of the output pattern database file.

       --recursive or -r
           Merge files from subdirectories as well.

       --verbose or -v
           Enable verbose messages on stderr.

       Example:

           pdbtool merge --recursive --directory /home/me/mypatterns/  --pdb /var/lib/syslog-ng/patterndb.xml

       Currently it is not possible to convert a file without merging, so if you only want to
       convert an older pattern database file to the latest format, you have to copy it into an
       empty directory.

THE PATTERNIZE COMMAND

       patternize [options]

       Automatically create a pattern database from a log file containing a large number of log
       messages. The resulting pattern database is printed to the standard output (stdout). The
       pdbtool patternize command uses a data clustering technique to find similar log messages
       and replacing the differing parts with @ESTRING:: @ parsers. For details on pattern
       databases and message parsers, see the The syslog-ng Administrator Guide[1]. The
       patternize command is available only in version 3.2 and later.

       --debug or -d
           Enable debug/diagnostic messages on stderr.

       --file=<path> or -f
           The logfile containing the log messages to create patterns from. To receive the log
           messages from the standard input (stdin), use -.

       --iterate-outliers or -o
           Recursively iterate on the log lines to cover as many log messages with patterns as
           possible.

       --named-parsers or -n
           The number of example log messages to include in the pattern database for every
           pattern. Default value: 1

       --no-parse or -p
           Do not parse the input file, treat every line as the message part of a log message.

       --samples=<number-of-samples>
           Include a generated name in the parsers, for example, .dict.string1, .dict.string2,
           and so on.

       --support=<number> or -S
           A pattern is added to the output pattern database if at least the specified percentage
           of log messages from the input logfile match the pattern. For example, if the input
           logfile contains 1000 log messages and the --support=3.0 option is used, a pattern is
           created only if the pattern matches at least 3 percent of the log messages (that is,
           30 log messages). If patternize does not create enough patterns, try to decrease the
           support value.

           Default value: 4.0

       --verbose or -v
           Enable verbose messages on stderr.

       Example:

           pdbtool patternize --support=2.5 --file=/var/log/messages

THE TEST COMMAND

       test [options]

       Use the test command to validate a pattern database XML file. Note that you must have the
       xmllint application installed. The test command is available only in version 3.2 and
       later.

       --color-out or -c
           Enable coloring in terminal output.

       --debug or -d
           Enable debug/diagnostic messages on stderr.

       --debug or -D
           Print debugging information on non-matching patterns.

       --rule-id or -r
           Test only the patterndb rule (specified by its rule id) against its example.

       --validate
           Validate a pattern database XML file.

       --verbose or -v
           Enable verbose messages on stderr.

       Example:

           pdbtool test --validate /home/me/mypatterndb.pdb

FILES

       /usr/

       /etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf

SEE ALSO

       The syslog-ng Administrator Guide[1]

       syslog-ng.conf(5)

       syslog-ng(8)

           Note
           For the detailed documentation of see The 3.19 Administrator Guide[2]

           If you experience any problems or need help with syslog-ng, visit the syslog-ng
           mailing list[3].

           For news and notifications about of syslog-ng, visit the syslog-ng blogs[4].

AUTHOR

       This manual page was written by the Balabit Documentation Team
       <documentation@balabit.com>.

COPYRIGHT

NOTES

        1. The syslog-ng Administrator Guide
           https://www.balabit.com/support/documentation/

        2. The  3.19 Administrator Guide
           https://www.balabit.com/documents/syslog-ng-ose-latest-guides/en/syslog-ng-ose-guide-admin/html/index.html

        3. syslog-ng mailing list
           https://lists.balabit.hu/mailman/listinfo/syslog-ng

        4. syslog-ng blogs
           https://syslog-ng.org/blogs/