Provided by: perl-doc_5.28.1-6_all bug

NAME

       perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.

SYNOPSIS

           perldoc [-h] [-D] [-t] [-u] [-m] [-l] [-U] [-F]
               [-i] [-V] [-T] [-r]
               [-d destination_file]
               [-o formatname]
               [-M FormatterClassName]
               [-w formatteroption:value]
               [-n nroff-replacement]
               [-X]
               [-L language_code]
               PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL

       Examples:

           perldoc -f BuiltinFunction

           perldoc -L it -f BuiltinFunction

           perldoc -q FAQ Keyword

           perldoc -L fr -q FAQ Keyword

           perldoc -v PerlVariable

           perldoc -a PerlAPI

       See below for more description of the switches.

DESCRIPTION

       perldoc looks up documentation in .pod format that is embedded in the perl installation
       tree or in a perl script, and displays it using a variety of formatters.  This is
       primarily used for the documentation for the perl library modules.

       Your system may also have man pages installed for those modules, in which case you can
       probably just use the man(1) command.

       If you are looking for a table of contents to the Perl library modules documentation, see
       the perltoc page.

OPTIONS

       -h   Prints out a brief help message.

       -D   Describes search for the item in detail.

       -t   Display docs using plain text converter, instead of nroff. This may be faster, but it
            probably won't look as nice.

       -u   Skip the real Pod formatting, and just show the raw Pod source (Unformatted)

       -m module
            Display the entire module: both code and unformatted pod documentation.  This may be
            useful if the docs don't explain a function in the detail you need, and you'd like to
            inspect the code directly; perldoc will find the file for you and simply hand it off
            for display.

       -l   Display only the file name of the module found.

       -U   When running as the superuser, don't attempt drop privileges for security.  This
            option is implied with -F.

            NOTE: Please see the heading SECURITY below for more information.

       -F   Consider arguments as file names; no search in directories will be performed.
            Implies -U if run as the superuser.

       -f perlfunc
            The -f option followed by the name of a perl built-in function will extract the
            documentation of this function from perlfunc.

            Example:

                  perldoc -f sprintf

       -q perlfaq-search-regexp
            The -q option takes a regular expression as an argument.  It will search the question
            headings in perlfaq[1-9] and print the entries matching the regular expression.

            Example:

                 perldoc -q shuffle

       -a perlapifunc
            The -a option followed by the name of a perl api function will extract the
            documentation of this function from perlapi.

            Example:

                 perldoc -a newHV

       -v perlvar
            The -v option followed by the name of a Perl predefined variable will extract the
            documentation of this variable from perlvar.

            Examples:

                 perldoc -v '$"'
                 perldoc -v @+
                 perldoc -v DATA

       -T   This specifies that the output is not to be sent to a pager, but is to be sent
            directly to STDOUT.

       -d destination-filename
            This specifies that the output is to be sent neither to a pager nor to STDOUT, but is
            to be saved to the specified filename.  Example: "perldoc -oLaTeX -dtextwrapdocs.tex
            Text::Wrap"

       -o output-formatname
            This specifies that you want Perldoc to try using a Pod-formatting class for the
            output format that you specify.  For example: "-oman".  This is actually just a
            wrapper around the "-M" switch; using "-oformatname" just looks for a loadable class
            by adding that format name (with different capitalizations) to the end of different
            classname prefixes.

            For example, "-oLaTeX" currently tries all of the following classes:
            Pod::Perldoc::ToLaTeX Pod::Perldoc::Tolatex Pod::Perldoc::ToLatex
            Pod::Perldoc::ToLATEX Pod::Simple::LaTeX Pod::Simple::latex Pod::Simple::Latex
            Pod::Simple::LATEX Pod::LaTeX Pod::latex Pod::Latex Pod::LATEX.

       -M module-name
            This specifies the module that you want to try using for formatting the pod.  The
            class must at least provide a "parse_from_file" method.  For example: "perldoc
            -MPod::Perldoc::ToChecker".

            You can specify several classes to try by joining them with commas or semicolons, as
            in "-MTk::SuperPod;Tk::Pod".

       -w option:value or -w option
            This specifies an option to call the formatter with.  For example, "-w textsize:15"
            will call "$formatter->textsize(15)" on the formatter object before it is used to
            format the object.  For this to be valid, the formatter class must provide such a
            method, and the value you pass should be valid.  (So if "textsize" expects an
            integer, and you do "-w textsize:big", expect trouble.)

            You can use "-w optionname" (without a value) as shorthand for "-w optionname:TRUE".
            This is presumably useful in cases of on/off features like: "-w page_numbering".

            You can use an "=" instead of the ":", as in: "-w textsize=15".  This might be more
            (or less) convenient, depending on what shell you use.

       -X   Use an index if it is present. The -X option looks for an entry whose basename
            matches the name given on the command line in the file "$Config{archlib}/pod.idx".
            The pod.idx file should contain fully qualified filenames, one per line.

       -L language_code
            This allows one to specify the language code for the desired language translation. If
            the "POD2::<language_code>" package isn't installed in your system, the switch is
            ignored.  All available translation packages are to be found under the "POD2::"
            namespace. See POD2::IT (or POD2::FR) to see how to create new localized "POD2::*"
            documentation packages and integrate them into Pod::Perldoc.

       PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL
            The item you want to look up.  Nested modules (such as "File::Basename") are
            specified either as "File::Basename" or "File/Basename".  You may also give a
            descriptive name of a page, such as "perlfunc".  For URLs, HTTP and HTTPS are the
            only kind currently supported.

            For simple names like 'foo', when the normal search fails to find a matching page, a
            search with the "perl" prefix is tried as well.  So "perldoc intro" is enough to
            find/render "perlintro.pod".

       -n some-formatter
            Specify replacement for groff

       -r   Recursive search.

       -i   Ignore case.

       -V   Displays the version of perldoc you're running.

SECURITY

       Because perldoc does not run properly tainted, and is known to have security issues, when
       run as the superuser it will attempt to drop privileges by setting the effective and real
       IDs to nobody's or nouser's account, or -2 if unavailable.  If it cannot relinquish its
       privileges, it will not run.

       See the "-U" option if you do not want this behavior but beware that there are significant
       security risks if you choose to use "-U".

       Since 3.26, using "-F" as the superuser also implies "-U" as opening most files and
       traversing directories requires privileges that are above the nobody/nogroup level.

ENVIRONMENT

       Any switches in the "PERLDOC" environment variable will be used before the command line
       arguments.

       Useful values for "PERLDOC" include "-oterm", "-otext", "-ortf", "-oxml", and so on,
       depending on what modules you have on hand; or the formatter class may be specified
       exactly with "-MPod::Perldoc::ToTerm" or the like.

       "perldoc" also searches directories specified by the "PERL5LIB" (or "PERLLIB" if
       "PERL5LIB" is not defined) and "PATH" environment variables.  (The latter is so that
       embedded pods for executables, such as "perldoc" itself, are available.)

       In directories where either "Makefile.PL" or "Build.PL" exist, "perldoc" will add "." and
       "lib" first to its search path, and as long as you're not the superuser will add "blib"
       too.  This is really helpful if you're working inside of a build directory and want to
       read through the docs even if you have a version of a module previously installed.

       "perldoc" will use, in order of preference, the pager defined in "PERLDOC_PAGER",
       "MANPAGER", or "PAGER" before trying to find a pager on its own. ("MANPAGER" is not used
       if "perldoc" was told to display plain text or unformatted pod.)

       When using perldoc in it's "-m" mode (display module source code), "perldoc" will attempt
       to use the pager set in "PERLDOC_SRC_PAGER".  A useful setting for this command is your
       favorite editor as in "/usr/bin/nano". (Don't judge me.)

       One useful value for "PERLDOC_PAGER" is "less -+C -E".

       Having PERLDOCDEBUG set to a positive integer will make perldoc emit even more descriptive
       output than the "-D" switch does; the higher the number, the more it emits.

CHANGES

       Up to 3.14_05, the switch -v was used to produce verbose messages of perldoc operation,
       which is now enabled by -D.

SEE ALSO

       perlpod, Pod::Perldoc

AUTHOR

       Current maintainer: Mark Allen "<mallen@cpan.org>"

       Past contributors are: brian d foy "<bdfoy@cpan.org>" Adriano R. Ferreira
       "<ferreira@cpan.org>", Sean M. Burke "<sburke@cpan.org>", Kenneth Albanowski
       "<kjahds@kjahds.com>", Andy Dougherty  "<doughera@lafcol.lafayette.edu>", and many others.