Provided by: pcp_4.3.1-1_amd64 bug


       pmlogger_check, pmlogger_daily - administration of Performance Co-Pilot archive log files


       $PCP_BINADM_DIR/pmlogger_check [-CNsTV] [-c control] [-l logfile]
       $PCP_BINADM_DIR/pmlogger_daily  [-KMNoprRV]  [-c  control]  [-k  discard] [-l logfile] [-m
       addresses] [-s size] [-t want] [-x compress] [-X program] [-Y regex]


       These shell scripts and associated control files may be used to create a customized regime
       of  administration  and  management for Performance Co-Pilot (see PCPintro(1)) archive log

       pmlogger_daily is intended to be run once per day, preferably in  the  early  morning,  as
       soon  after midnight as practicable.  Its task is to aggregate, rotate and perform general
       housekeeping one or more sets of PCP archives.

       After some period, old PCP archives are discarded.  This period is 14 days by default, but
       may  be  changed  using  the -k option.  Some special values are recognized for the period
       (discard), namely 0 to keep no archives beyond the current one, and forever  or  never  to
       prevent  any  archives being discarded.  Note that the semantics of discard are that it is
       measured from the time of last modification of each archive, and not from the current day.
       This has subtle implications for compression (see below) - the compression process results
       in the creation of new archive files which have new modification times.  In this case, the
       discard period (re)starts from the time of compression.

       Archive  data files can optionally be compressed after some period to conserve disk space.
       This is particularly useful for large numbers of pmlogger processes under the  control  of
       pmlogger_check.   If  transparent_decompress  is  enabled  when  libpcp  was built (can be
       checked with pmconfig -L),  then  the  default  behaviour  is  compression  ``as  soon  as
       possible''  otherwise  the  default  behaviour is to not compress files (which matches the
       historical default behaviour in earlier PCP releases).

       The -x option controls compression and compress specifies the number of days  after  which
       to compress archive data files and metadata files.  If compress is 0 then compression will
       be applied as soon as possible.  If compress is never or forever then no compression  will
       be  done.   The  environment  variable  PCP_COMPRESSAFTER  may  be  used as an alternative
       mechanism to define compress.  If both PCP_COMPRESSAFTER and -x specify  different  values
       for compress then the environment variable value is used and a warning is issued.

       The  -X  option  specifies  the program to use for compression - by default this is xz(1).
       The environment variable PCP_COMPRESS may be used as an alternative  mechanism  to  define
       program.   If  both  PCP_COMPRESS  and  -X specify different compression programs then the
       environment variable value is used and a warning is issued.

       Use of the -Y option allows a regular expression to be specified causing files in the  set
       of  files  matched  for  compression  to be omitted - this allows only the data file to be
       compressed, and also prevents the program from attempting to compress it more  than  once.
       The  default  regex  is ".(index|Z|gz|bz2|zip|xz|lzma|lzo|lz4)$" - such files are filtered
       using the -v option to egrep(1).  The environment variable PCP_COMPRESSREGEX may  be  used
       as  an  alternative  mechanism  to define regex.  If both PCP_COMPRESSREGEX and -Y specify
       different values for regex then the environment variable value is used and  a  warning  is

       To  accommodate  the  evolution  of  PMDAs and changes in production logging environments,
       pmlogger_daily  is  integrated  with  pmlogrewrite(1)  to  allow  optional  and  automatic
       rewriting  of  archives before merging.  If there are global rewriting rules to be applied
       across  all  archives  mentioned  in  the  control  file(s),  then  create  the  directory
       $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pmlogrewrite  and  place  any  pmlogrewrite(1)  rewriting  rules  in this
       directory.  For rewriting rules that are specific to only one family of archives, use  the
       directory  name from the control file(s) - i.e. the fourth field - and create a file, or a
       directory, or a symbolic link named pmlogrewrite  within  this  directory  and  place  the
       required  rewriting  rule(s)  in the pmlogrewrite file or in files within the pmlogrewrite
       subdirectory.  pmlogger_daily will choose rewriting rules from the  archive  directory  if
       they  exist,  else  rewriting  rules  from $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pmlogrewrite if that directory
       exists, else no rewriting is attempted.

       The -r command line option acts as an over-ride and prevents all  archive  rewriting  with
       pmlogrewrite(1) independent of the presence of any rewriting rule files or directories.

       Sometimes PMDA changes require all archives to be rewritten, not just the ones involved in
       any current merging.  This is required for example after a PCP upgrade where a new version
       of an existing PMDA has revised metadata.  The -R command line forces this universal-style
       of rewriting.

       The -R option to pmlogger_daily is mutually exclusive with both the -r and -M options.

       As an alternate mechanism, if  the  file  $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/.NeedRewrite  exists  when
       pmlogger_daily  starts  then this is treated the same as specifying -R on the command line
       and $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/.NeedRewrite will be removed once all  the  rewriting  has  been

       By  default  all  possible  archives  will  be  merged.   The -o option reinstates the old
       behaviour in which only yesterday's archives will be considered as merge candidates.

       In the special case where only a single input archive needs to be  merged,  pmlogmv(1)  is
       used  to  rename  the  archive,  otherwise  pmlogger_merge(1)  is used to merge all of the
       archives for a single host and a single day into a new  PCP  archive  and  the  individual
       archives are removed.

       The  -M  option  may  be  used  to disable archive merging (or renaming) and rewriting (-M
       implies -r).  This is most useful in cases where  the  archives  are  being  incrementally
       copied  to  a remote repository, e.g. using rsync(1).  Merging, renaming and rewriting all
       risk an increase in the synchronization load, especially immediately after  pmlogger_daily
       has run, so -M may be useful in these cases.

       To  assist  with  debugging or diagnosing intermittent failures the -t option may be used.
       This will turn on very verbose tracing (-VV) and capture the trace output in a file  named
       $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/daily.datestamp.trace,  where  datestamp  is the time pmlogger_daily
       was run in the format YYYYMMDD.HH.MM.  In addition, the want  argument  will  ensure  that
       trace files created with -t will be kept for want days and then discarded.

       In  addition,  if  the  PCP  ``notices''  file ($PCP_LOG_DIR/NOTICES) is larger than 20480
       bytes, pmlogger_daily will rename the file  with  a  ``.old''  suffix,  and  start  a  new
       ``notices''  file.  The rotate threshold may be changed from 20480 to size bytes using the
       -s option.

       Use of the -m option causes pmlogger_daily to construct a summary of the ``notices''  file
       entries  which  were generated in the last 24 hours, and e-mail that summary to the set of
       space-separated   addresses.    This   daily   summary   is    stored    in    the    file
       $PCP_LOG_DIR/NOTICES.daily,  which will be empty when no new ``notices'' entries were made
       in the previous 24 hour period.

       If the -K option is specified for pmlogger_daily  then  only  the  compression  tasks  are
       attempted, so no pmlogger(1) rotation, no culling, no rewriting, etc.  When -K is used and
       a compress value of 0 is in effect (from -x on the command line  or  PCP_COMPRESSAFTER  in
       the  environment  or  via  the  control  file)  this  is  intended  for environments where
       compression of archives is desired before the  scheduled  daily  processing  happens.   To
       achieve   this,   once   pmlogger_check   has   completed  regular  processing,  it  calls
       pmlogger_daily with just the -K option.  Provided PCP_COMPRESSAFTER is set to 0 along with
       any   other   required   compression   options   to  match  the  scheduled  invocation  of
       pmlogger_daily, then this will compress  all  volumes  except  the  ones  being  currently
       written by pmlogger(1).

       If  the  -p option is specified for pmlogger_daily then the status of the daily processing
       is polled and if the daily pmlogger(1) rotation,  culling,  rewriting,  compressing,  etc.
       has  not  been  done  in  the  last  24  hours then it is done now.  The intent is to have
       pmlogger_daily called regularly with the -p option (at 30 mins past the hour,  every  hour
       in  the  default cron(8) set up) to ensure daily processing happens as soon as possible if
       it was missed at the regularly scheduled time (which is 00:10 by  default),  e.g.  if  the
       system was down or suspended at that time.

       With  the  -p  option,  pmlogger_daily  simply  exits if the previous day's processing has
       already been done.

       The -K and -p options to pmlogger_daily are mutually exclusive.

       The script $PCP_BINADM_DIR/pmlogger_daily could be copied  and  modified  to  implement  a
       site-specific  procedure  for  end-of-week and/or end-of-month management for a set of PCP

       pmlogger_check may be run at any time, and is intended to check that the  desired  set  of
       pmlogger(1) processes are running, and if not to re-launch any failed loggers.  Use of the
       -s option provides the reverse functionality, allowing the set of pmlogger processes to be
       cleanly  shutdown.   Use  of the -C option queries the system service runlevel information
       for pmlogger, and uses that to determine whether to start processes.

       The -T option provides a terser form of output for pmlogger_check that  is  most  suitable
       for a pmlogger ``farm'' where many instances of pmlogger are expected to be running.

       Using  -N  option invokes the scripts in a ``show me'' or ``dry run'' mode where the tasks
       that would be performed are reported, but no changes are made.  This is typically used for
       debugging in combination with one (verbose) or two (very verbose) -V options.

       Both  pmlogger_daily  and pmlogger_check are controlled by PCP logger control file(s) that
       specifies  the  pmlogger  instances  to  be  managed.   The  default   control   file   is
       $PCP_PMLOGGERCONTROL_PATH,  but an alternate may be specified using the -c option.  If the
       directory $PCP_PMLOGGERCONTROL_PATH.d (or control.d from the -c option) exists,  then  the
       contents of any additional control files therein will be appended to the main control file
       (which must exist).

       Warning: The $PCP_PMLOGGERCONTROL_PATH and $PCP_PMLOGGERCONTROL_PATH.d files must  not  be
       writable by any user other than root.

       The  control file(s) should be customized according to the following rules that define for
       the current version (1.1) of the control file format.

       1.  Lines beginning with a ``#'' are comments.
       2.  Lines beginning with a ``$'' are assumed to be assignments to environment variables in
           the  style  of  sh(1),  and all text following the ``$'' will be eval'ed by the script
           reading  the  control  file,  and  the  corresponding  variable  exported   into   the
           environment.   This  is  particularly  useful  to  set  and  export variables into the
           environment of the administrative scripts, e.g.
               $ PMCD_CONNECT_TIMEOUT=20
       3.  There must be a version line in the initial control file of the form:
               $ version=1.1
       4.  There should be one line in the control file(s) for  each  pmlogger  instance  of  the

               host y|n y|n directory args

       5.  Fields  within  a  line  of  the  control file(s) are usually separated by one or more
           spaces or tabs (although refer to the description of  the  directory  field  for  some
           important exceptions).
       6.  The  first field is the name of the host that is the source of the performance metrics
           for this pmlogger instance.
       7.  The second field indicates if this is a primary pmlogger  instance  (y)  or  not  (n).
           Since  the  primary  logger  must  run on the local host, and there may be at most one
           primary logger for a particular host, this field can be y for  at  most  one  pmlogger
           instance, in which case the host name must be the name of the local host.
       8.  The  third  field  indicates  if  this pmlogger instance needs to be started under the
           control of pmsocks(1) to connect to a pmcd through a firewall (y or n).
       9.  The fourth field is a  directory  name.   All  files  associated  with  this  pmlogger
           instance will be created in this directory, and this will be the current directory for
           the execution of any programs required in the maintenance of those archives.  A useful
           convention is that primary logger archives for the local host with hostname myhost are
           maintained in the directory $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/myhost (this is  where  the  default
           pmlogger  start-up script in $PCP_RC_DIR/pcp will create the archives), while archives
           for the remote host mumble are maintained in $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/mumble.
       10. The directory field may contain embedded shell syntax that will be evaluated by  sh(1)
           to produce the real directory name to be used.  The allowed constructs are:
           · Any text (including white space) enclosed with $( and ).
           · Any text (including white space) enclosed with ` and ` (back quotes).
           · Any text (including white space) enclosed with " and " (double quotes).
           · Any word containing a $ (assumed to introduce an environment variable name).
       11. All  other  fields  are  interpreted  as  arguments to be passed to pmlogger(1) and/or
           pmnewlog(1).  Most typically this would be the -c option.

       The following sample control lines specify a primary logger on the local host (bozo),  and
       non-primary  loggers  to  collect  and  log  performance metrics from the hosts wobbly and

       bozo   y  n  $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/bozo   -c config.default
       wobbly n  n  "/store/wobbly/$(date +%Y)"  -c ./wobbly.config
       boing  n  n  $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/boing  -c ./pmlogger.config

       Typical crontab(5) entries for periodic execution of pmlogger_daily and pmlogger_check are
       given  in  $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pmlogger/crontab  (unless  installed by default in /etc/cron.d
       already) and shown below.

       # daily processing of archive logs
       14      0       *       *       *       $PCP_BINADM_DIR/pmlogger_daily
       # every 30 minutes, check pmlogger instances are running
       25,55   *       *       *       *       $PCP_BINADM_DIR/pmlogger_check

       In order to ensure that mail is not unintentionally sent when these scripts are  run  from
       cron(8)   diagnostics  are  always  sent  to  a  log  file.   By  default,  this  file  is
       $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/pmlogger_daily.log or  $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/pmlogger_check.log  but
       this  can be changed using the -l option.  If this log file already exists when the script
       starts, it will be renamed with a .prev suffix (overwriting any log  file  saved  earlier)
       before  diagnostics  are  generated to the log file.  The -l and -t options cannot be used

       The output from the cron execution of the scripts may be extended using the -V  option  to
       the  scripts  which will enable verbose tracing of their activity.  By default the scripts
       generate no output unless some error or warning condition is encountered.


                 the PCP logger control file
                 Warning: this file must not be writable by any user other than root.

                 optional directory containing additional PCP logger control files, typically one
                 per host
                 Warning: the files herein must not be writable by any user other than root.

                 sample  crontab  for  automated script execution by $PCP_USER (or root).  Exists
                 only if the platform does not support the /etc/cron.d mechanism.

                 default pmlogger configuration file  location  for  the  local  primary  logger,
                 typically generated automatically by pmlogconf(1).

                 default location for archives of performance information collected from the host

                 transient lock file to guarantee mutual exclusion during pmlogger administration
                 for  the  host  hostname  -  if  present,  can  be  safely  removed  if  neither
                 pmlogger_daily nor pmlogger_check are running

                 PCP archive folio created by mkaf(1) for  the  most  recently  launched  archive
                 containing performance metrics from the host hostname

                 PCP ``notices'' file used by pmie(1) and friends

                 if  the  previous  execution  of  pmlogger_check produced any output it is saved
                 here.  The normal case is no output in which case the file does not exist.

                 if the previous execution of pmlogger_daily produced  any  output  it  is  saved
                 here.  The normal case is no output in which case the file does not exist.

                 if  this  directory  exists,  then  the log file from the -l argument of a newly
                 launched pmlogger(1) for hostname will be linked into this  directory  with  the
                 name archive.log where archive is the basename of the associated pmlogger(1) PCP
                 archive files.  This allows the log file to be inspected at a later  time,  even
                 if several pmlogger(1) instances for hostname have been launched in the interim.
                 Because the cron-driven PCP archive management scripts run under the uid of  the
                 user  ``pcp'',  $PCP_LOG_DIR/pmlogger/hostname/SaveLogs  typically  needs  to be
                 owned by the user ``pcp''.

                 if this file exists, then this is treated as  equivalent  to  using  -R  on  the
                 command line and the file will be removed once all rewriting has been done.


       Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory
       names used by PCP.  On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
       for  these  variables.   The  $PCP_CONF  variable  may  be  used to specify an alternative
       configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).

       The default behaviour, when pmlogger(1)  configuration  comes  from  pmlogconf(1),  is  to
       regenerate  the  configuration  file and check for changes whenever pmlogger(1) is started
       from pmlogger_check.  If the PMDA configuration is stable,  this  is  not  necessary,  and
       setting $PMLOGGER_CHECK_SKIP_LOGCONF to yes disables the regeneration and checking.


       egrep(1),     PCPIntro(1),     pmconfig(1),     pmlc(1),     pmlogconf(1),    pmlogger(1),
       pmlogger_daily_report(1),  pmlogger_merge(1),  pmlogmv(1),  pmlogrewrite(1),  pmnewlog(1),
       pmsocks(1), xz(1) and cron(8).