Provided by: pcp_4.3.1-1_amd64 bug


       pmrep - performance metrics reporter


       pmrep [-1235CdgGHIjkLnprRuUvVxz?]  [-4 action] [-6 sort-metric] [-8|-9 limit] [-a archive]
       [--archive-folio folio] [-A align] [-b|-B space-scale] [-c config] [--container container]
       [--daemonize]  [-e  derived]  [-E lines] [-f format] [-F outfile] [-h host] [-i instances]
       [-J rank] [-K  spec]  [-l  delimiter]  [-N  predicate]  [-o  output]  [-O  origin]  [-P|-0
       precision]  [-q|-Q  count-scale]  [-s  samples]  [-S starttime] [-t interval] [-T endtime]
       [-w|-W width] [-X label] [-y|-Y time-scale] [-Z timezone] metricspec [...]


       pmrep is a customizable performance metrics reporting  tool.   Any  available  performance
       metric,  live  or archived, system and/or application, can be selected for reporting using
       one of the output alternatives listed below together with applicable formatting options.

       pmrep collects the selected metric values through the facilities of  the  Performance  Co-
       Pilot  (PCP),  see  PCPIntro(1).   The metrics to be reported are specified on the command
       line, in a configuration file, or both.  Metrics can be automatically converted and scaled
       using  the  PCP facilities, either by default or by per-metric scaling specifications.  In
       addition to the existing metrics, derived metrics can  be  defined  using  the  arithmetic
       expressions described in pmRegisterDerived(3).

       Unless  directed  to  another  host  by  the -h option, pmrep will contact the Performance
       Metrics Collector Daemon (PMCD, see pmcd(1)) on the local host.

       The -a option causes pmrep to use the specified set of archive logs rather than connecting
       to a PMCD.  The -a and -h options are mutually exclusive.

       The  -L  option  causes  pmrep  to  use  a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs
       (Performance Metrics Domain Agents, ``plugins'') on the local  host  without  PMCD.   Only
       some  metrics  are  available  in  this  mode.   The  -a,  -h, and -L options are mutually

       The metrics of interest  are  named  in  the  metricspec  argument(s).   If  a  metricspec
       specifies  a  non-leaf  node in the Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS), then pmrep will
       recursively descend the PMNS and report  on  all  leaf  nodes  (i.e.,  metrics)  for  that
       metricspec.    (Use   for  example  pminfo(1)  to  list  all  the  leaf  nodes  and  their

       A metricspec has three different forms.  First, on the command line it can  start  with  a
       colon  (``:'')  to  indicate  a  metricset to be read from a pmrep configuration file (see
       pmrep.conf(5)) which can then consist of any number of metricspecs.  Second, a  metricspec
       starting  with  non-colon specifies a PMNS node as described above, optionally followed by
       metric formatting definitions.  This so-called compact form of a metricspec is defined  as


       A  valid  PMNS  node  (metric)  is  mandatory.  It can be followed by a text label used by
       supporting  output  targets  (currently:  stdout,  see  below).   The  optional  instances
       definition  restricts csv and stdout reporting to the specified instances (so non-matching
       instances will  be  filtered).   An  optional  unit/scale  is  applicable  for  dimension-
       compatible,  non-string metrics.  (See below for supported unit/scale specifications.)  By
       default, cumulative counter metrics are converted to rates, an optional type can be set to
       raw  to disable this rate conversion.  For supporting output targets (currently: stdout) a
       numeric width can be used to set the width of the output column for this metric.  Too-wide
       numeric  values  for  output  will  not  be printed (apart from trailing decimals, numeric
       values will never be silently truncated).  Too-wide strings will be  truncated.   Then,  a
       metric-specific  precision can be provided for numeric non-integer output values.  Lastly,
       a metric-specific limit can be set for filtering numeric values per limit.

       As a special case with metrics that are counters with time units (nanoseconds  to  hours),
       the  unit/scale  can  be used to change the default reporting (for example, milliseconds /
       second) to normalize to the range zero to one by setting this to sec (see also -y and -Y).

       The following metricspec requests the metric kernel.all.sysfork to be reported  under  the
       text  label  forks,  converting to the default rate count/s in an 8 wide column.  Although
       the definitions in this compact form are optional, they must always  be  provided  in  the
       order specified above.


       The   third  form  of  a  metricspec,  verbose  form,  is  described  and  valid  only  in

       Derived metrics are specified like PMNS leaf node metrics.

       Options via environment values (see pmGetOptions(3)) override the  corresponding  built-in
       default   values   (if  any).   Configuration  file  options  override  the  corresponding
       environment  variables  (if  any).   Command  line  options  override  the   corresponding
       configuration file options (if any).


       The available command line options are:

       -0 precision, --precision-force=precision
            Like -P but this option will override per-metric specifications.

       -1, --dynamic-header
            Print  a new dynamically adjusted header every time changes in availability of metric
            and instance values occur.  By default a static header that never changes is  printed
            once.  See also -E and -4.

       -2, --overall-rank
            Perform  overall  ranking  of  instances in archive.  By default ranking (see -J) and
            reporting happens on each interval.  With this option all instances  and  values  are
            ranked before a summary is reported.  See pmlogsummary(1) for further archive summary
            reporting alternatives, including averages and peak times for values.

       -3, --overall-rank-alt
            Like -2 but print metric instances  in  pmrep  metricspec  format,  to  allow  easily
            selecting the instances for further investigation.

       -4 action, --names-change=action
            Specify  which  action  to  take  on  receiving  a  metric  names change event during
            sampling.  These events occur when  a  PMDA  discovers  new  metrics  sometime  after
            starting  up,  and  informs running client tools like pmrep.  Valid values for action
            are update (refresh  metrics  being  sampled),  ignore  (do  nothing  -  the  default
            behaviour)  and  abort  (exit  the program if such an event happens).  update implies

       -5, --ignore-unknown
            Silently ignore any metric name that cannot be resolved.  At least one metric must be
            found for the tool to start.

       -6, --sort-metric=sort-metric
            Specify a sort reference metric to sort output by values with -X.  By default sorting
            order is descending, prepending the metric name with  the  minus  sign  (``-'')  will
            change the order to be ascending.  See also -J and -N.

       -8 limit, --limit-filter=limit
            Limit  results  to  instances with values above/below limit.  A positive integer will
            include instances with values at or above the limit in reporting.  A negative integer
            will  include  instances  with values at or below the limit in reporting.  A value of
            zero performs no limit filtering.  This option will not override possible  per-metric
            specifications.  See also -J and -N.

       -9 limit, --limit-filter-force=limit
            Like -8 but this option will override per-metric specifications.

       -a archive, --archive=archive
            Performance  metric  values  are retrieved from the set of Performance Co-Pilot (PCP)
            archive log files identified by the argument archive, which is a comma-separated list
            of names, each of which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a directory
            containing one or more archives.  See also -u.

            Read metric source archives  from  the  PCP  archive  folio  created  by  tools  like
            pmchart(1) or, less often, manually with mkaf(1).

       -A align, --align=align
            Force  the initial sample to be aligned on the boundary of a natural time unit align.
            Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for align.

       -b scale, --space-scale=scale
            Unit/scale for space (byte) metrics,  possible  values  include  bytes,  Kbytes,  KB,
            Mbytes,  MB,  and  so  forth.   This  option  will  not  override possible per-metric
            specifications.  See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -B scale, --space-scale-force=scale
            Like -b but this option will override per-metric specifications.

       -c config, --config=config
            Specify the config file to use.  The default is the  first  found  of:  ./pmrep.conf,
            $HOME/.pmrep.conf,  $HOME/pcp/pmrep.conf, and $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pmrep/pmrep.conf.  See

            Fetch performance metrics from the specified container, either local or  remote  (see

       -C, --check
            Exit before reporting any values, but after parsing the configuration and metrics and
            printing possible headers.

       -d, --delay
            When replaying from an archive, this option requests that  the  prevailing  real-time
            delay  be applied between samples (see -t) to effect a pause, rather than the default
            behaviour of replaying at full speed.

            Daemonize on startup.

       -e derived, --derived=derived
            Specify derived performance metrics.  If derived starts with a slash (``/'') or  with
            a  dot  (``.'')  it  will  be  interpreted  as  a derived metrics configuration file,
            otherwise it will be interpreted as  comma-  or  semicolon-separated  derived  metric
            expressions.  For details see pmLoadDerivedConfig(3) and pmRegisterDerived(3).

       -E lines, --repeat-header=lines
            Repeat the header every lines of output.  See also -1.

       -f format, --timestamp-format=format
            Use  the  format  string  for formatting the timestamp.  The format will be used with
            Python's datetime.strftime method which is mostly  the  same  as  that  described  in
            strftime(3).   An  empty format string (i.e., "") will remove the timestamps from the
            output.  Defaults to %H:%M:%S when using  the  stdout  output  target.   Defaults  to
            %Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S when using the csv output target.

       -F outfile, --output-file=outfile
            Specify the output file outfile.  See -o.

       -g, --separate-header
            Output  the  column  number  and  complete  metric  information, one-per-line, before
            printing the metric values.

       -G, --no-globals
            Do not include global metrics in reporting (see pmrep.conf(5)).

       -h host, --host=host
            Fetch performance metrics  from  pmcd(1)  on  host,  rather  than  from  the  default

       -H, --no-header
            Do not print any headers.

       -i instances, --instances=instances
            Report  only  the  listed instances from current instances (if present, see also -j).
            By default all current instances are reported, except when writing  an  archive  (see
            -o)  when  all  instances, present and future, are reported.  This is a global option
            that is used for all metrics unless a metric-specific instance definition is provided
            as  part of a metricspec.  By default single-valued ``flat'' metrics without multiple
            instances are still reported as usual, use -v to change this.

            The list may consist of one or more comma-separated instances.  The instance name may
            be  quoted  with  single  (') or double (") quotes for those cases where the instance
            name contains commas or whitespace.  Note that on the command  line  when  specifying
            more than one instance, all the names must be quoted.

            Multiple  -i  options  are  allowed as an alternative way of specifying more than one
            instance of interest.  Regular expressions can also be used.

            As an example, the following would report the same instances:

                 $ pmrep -i "'1 minute','5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmrep -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' kernel.all.load
                 $ pmrep -i "'1 minute'" -i "'5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmrep kernel.all.load,,"'1 minute','5 minute'"
                 $ pmrep kernel.all.load,,'"1 minute","5 minute"'

            However, this would report only the 1-minute instance:

                 $ pmrep -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' kernel.all.load,,"1 minute"

            But this would report all instances (due to per-metric override):

                 $ pmrep -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' 'kernel.all.load,,.*'

       -I, --ignore-incompat
            Ignore incompatible metrics.  By default incompatible metrics (that is, their type is
            unsupported or they cannot be scaled as requested) will cause pmrep to terminate with
            an error message.  With this option all incompatible  metrics  are  silently  omitted
            from  reporting.  This may be especially useful when requesting non-leaf nodes of the
            PMNS tree for reporting.

       -j, --live-filter
            Perform instance live filtering.  This allows capturing all filtered  instances  even
            if processes are restarted at some point (unlike without live filtering).  Performing
            live filtering over a huge amount of instances will add some internal overhead  so  a
            bit of user caution is advised.  See also -1 and -n.

       -J rank, --rank=rank
            Limit  results  to  highest/lowest  rank instances of set-valued metrics.  A positive
            integer will include highest valued instances in reporting.  A negative integer  will
            include  lowest  valued instances in reporting.  A value of zero performs no ranking.
            See also -2, -6 and -8.

       -k, --extended-csv
            Write extended CSV output, similar to sadf(1).

       -K spec, --spec-local=spec
            When fetching metrics from a local context (see -L), the -K option  may  be  used  to
            control  the DSO PMDAs that should be made accessible.  The spec argument conforms to
            the syntax described in pmSpecLocalPMDA(3).  More than one -K option may be used.

       -l delimiter, --delimiter=delimiter
            Specify the delimiter that separates each  column  of  csv  or  stdout  output.   The
            default  for stdout is two spaces (``  '') and comma (``,'') for csv.  In case of CSV
            output or stdout output with non-whitespace delimiter, any instances of the delimiter
            in string values will be replaced by the underscore (``_'') character.

       -L, --local-PMDA
            Use a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs on the local host without PMCD.
            See also -K.

       -n, --invert-filter
            Perform ranking before live filtering.  By  default  instance  live  filtering  (when
            requested,  see  -j)  happens before instance ranking (when requested, see -J).  With
            this option the logic is inverted and ranking happens before live filtering.

       -N predicate, --predicate=predicate
            Specify a comma-separated list of predicate filter  reference  metrics.   By  default
            ranking  (see  -J) happens for each metric individually.  With predicates, ranking is
            done only for the specified predicate metrics.  When reporting, rest of  the  metrics
            sharing the same instance domain (see PCPIntro(1)) as the predicate will include only
            the highest/lowest ranking instances of the corresponding predicate.

            So for example, using proc.memory.rss  (resident  memory  size  of  process)  as  the
            predicate metric together with and mem.util.used as metrics to be
            reported, only the processes using most/least (as per -J)  memory  will  be  included
            when  reporting  total  bytes written by processes.  Since mem.util.used is a single-
            valued metric (thus not sharing the  same  instance  domain  as  the  process-related
            metrics), it will be reported as usual.

       -o output, --output=output
            Use output target for reporting.  The default target is stdout.  The available target
            alternatives are:

              Record metrics into a PCP archive which can  later  be  replayed  with  PCP  tools,
              including  pmrep  itself.   See LOGARCHIVE(5) and PCPIntro(1) for details about PCP
              archive files.  Requires -F.

              Print metrics in CSV format (subject to formatting options).

              Print metrics to stdout (format subject to formatting options).

       -O origin, --origin=origin
            When reporting archived metrics, start reporting at origin  within  the  time  window
            (see  -S  and -T).  Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for

       -p, --timestamps
            Print timestamps.  By default no timestamps are printed.

       -P precision, --precision=precision
            Use precision for numeric non-integer output values.  If the value is  too  wide  for
            its  column  width,  precision  is  reduced  one  by one until the value fits, or not
            printed at all if it does not.   The  default  is  to  use  3  decimal  places  (when
            applicable).  This option will not override possible per-metric specifications.

       -q scale, --count-scale=scale
            Unit/scale  for  count metrics, possible values include count x 10^-1, count, count x
            10, count x 10^2, and so forth from 10^-8  to  10^7.   (These  values  are  currently
            space-sensitive.)   This option will not override possible per-metric specifications.
            See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -Q scale, --count-scale-force=scale
            Like -q but this option will override per-metric specifications.

       -r, --raw
            Output raw metric values, do not convert cumulative counters to rates.  When  writing
            archives,  raw values are always used.  This option will override possible per-metric

       -R, --raw-prefer
            Like -r but this option will not override per-metric specifications.

       -s samples, --samples=samples
            The argument samples defines the number of samples to be retrieved and reported.   If
            samples  is  0  or -s is not specified, pmrep will sample and report continuously (in
            real time mode) or until the end of the set of PCP archives (in archive  mode).   See
            also -T.

       -S starttime, --start=starttime
            When  reporting  archived  metrics,  the  report  will be restricted to those records
            logged at or after starttime.  Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the
            syntax for starttime.

       -t interval, --interval=interval
            The  default update interval may be set to something other than the default 1 second.
            The interval argument follows  the  syntax  described  in  PCPIntro(1),  and  in  the
            simplest  form  may  be  an  unsigned  integer  (the  implied  units in this case are
            seconds).  See also the -T and -u options.

       -T endtime, --finish=endtime
            When reporting archived metrics, the report  will  be  restricted  to  those  records
            logged  before or at endtime.  Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the
            syntax for endtime.

            When used to define the runtime before pmrep will exit, if no samples is  given  (see
            -s)  then the number of reported samples depends on interval (see -t).  If samples is
            given then interval will be adjusted to allow reporting of  samples  during  runtime.
            In  case  all  of  -T, -s, and -t are given, endtime determines the actual time pmrep
            will run.

       -u, --no-interpol
            When reporting archived metrics, by default values  are  reported  according  to  the
            selected  sample interval (-t option), not according to the actual record interval in
            an archive.  To this effect PCP interpolates the values to be reported based  on  the
            records  in  the  archive.   With  the -u option uninterpolated reporting is enabled,
            every recorded value for the selected metrics is reported and  the  requested  sample
            interval (-t) is ignored.

            So  for  example,  if a PCP archive contains recorded values for every 10 seconds and
            the requested sample interval is 1 hour, by default pmrep will use  an  interpolation
            scheme to compute the values of the requested metrics from the values recorded in the
            proximity of these requested metrics and values for every 1 hour are reported.   With
            -u  every record every 10 seconds are reported as such (the reported values are still
            subject to rate conversion, use -r or -R to disable).

       -U, --no-unit-info
            Omit unit information from headers.

       -v, --omit-flat
            Omit single-valued ``flat'' metrics from reporting, only consider set-valued  metrics
            (i.e., metrics with multiple values) for reporting.  See -i and -I.

       -V, --version
            Display version number and exit.

       -w width, --width=width
            Set  the  stdout  output column width.  Strings will be truncated to this width.  The
            default width is the shortest that can fit the metric text label, the forced  minimum
            is 3.  This option will not override possible per-metric specifications.

       -W width, --width-force=width
            Like -w but this option will override per-metric specifications.

       -x, --extended-header
            Print extended header.

       -X label, --colxrow=label
            Swap  columns and rows in stdout output, reporting one instance per line, using label
            as the text label for instance column (set to an empty string "" to  enable  swapping
            without  a specific text label).  This is convenient to allow easily using grep(1) to
            filter results or to more closely mimic other utilities.  See also -i and -6.

       -y scale, --time-scale=scale
            Unit/scale for time metrics, possible  values  include  nanosec,  ns,  microsec,  us,
            millisec,  ms,  and  so forth up to hour, hr.  This option will not override possible
            per-metric specifications.  See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -Y scale, --time-scale-force=scale
            Like -y but this option will override per-metric specifications.

       -z, --hostzone
            Use the local timezone of the host that is the source of the performance metrics,  as
            identified by either the -h or the -a options.  The default is to use the timezone of
            the local host.

       -Z timezone, --timezone=timezone
            Use timezone for the date and time.  Timezone is in the  format  of  the  environment
            variable  TZ  as described in environ(7).  Note that when including a timezone string
            in output, ISO 8601 -style UTC offsets are used (so  something  like  -Z  EST+5  will
            become UTC-5).

       -?, --help
            Display usage message and exit.


       The  following  examples use the standard PCP facilities for collecting the metric values,
       no external utilities are needed.  The referenced colon-starting metricsets  are  part  of
       the system pmrep.conf file.

       Display network interface metrics on the local host:
           $ pmrep

       Display all outgoing network metrics for the wlan0 interface:
           $ pmrep -i wlan0 -v network.interface.out

       Display  timestamped  vmstat(8)  like information using megabytes instead of kilobytes and
       also include the number of inodes used (tab completes available metrics and after a  colon
       metricsets with bash and zsh):
           $ pmrep -p -B MB :vmstat vfs.inodes.count

       Display  per-device disk reads and writes from the host server1 using two seconds interval
       and sadf(1) like CSV output format:
           $ pmrep -h server1 -t 2s -o csv -k

       Display processes using at least 100MB of memory using dynamic headers:
           $ pmrep -b MB --limit-filter 100 --dynamic-header proc.memory.rss

       Display  the  predefined  set  of  metrics  from  the  default  pmrep.conf(5)   containing
       information about I/O issued by current firefox process(es):
           $ pmrep -i '.*firefox.*' :proc-io

       Display the three most CPU-using processes:
           $ pmrep -1gUJ 3 proc.hog.cpu

       Display  sar  -w  and  sar  -W  like  information  at  the  same time from the PCP archive
       ./20150921.09.13 showing values recorded between 3 - 5 PM:
           $ pmrep -a ./20150921.09.13 -S @15:00 -T @17:00 :sar-w :sar-W

       Record most relevant CPU, memory, and I/O related information about every Java process  on
       the  system,  present  and  future, to an archive ./a on one minute interval at every full
       minute in a background process:
           $ pmrep --daemonize -A 1m -t 1m -i '.*java.*' -j -o archive -F ./a \
               :proc-info :proc-cpu :proc-mem :proc-io

       Record all 389 Directory Server, XFS file system, and CPU/memory/disk metrics  every  five
       seconds for five minutes to a PCP archive ./a:
        $ pmrep -t 5s -T 5m -o archive -F ./a ds389 xfs kernel.all.cpu mem disk

       Record  process  memory  and  I/O information for those processes which are the three most
       memory-consuming processes:
        $ pmrep -o archive -F ./a -J 3 -N proc.memory.rss proc.memory


              pmrep configuration file (see -c)

              system provided pmrep configuration file


       Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory
       names used by PCP.  On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
       for these variables.  The $PCP_CONF  variable  may  be  used  to  specify  an  alternative
       configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).

       For environment variables affecting PCP tools, see pmGetOptions(3).


       mkaf(1),   PCPIntro(1),   pcp(1),   pcp-atop(1),   pcp2elasticsearch(1),  pcp2graphite(1),
       pcp2influxdb(1),  pcp2json(1),  pcp2spark(1),  pcp2xlsx(1),   pcp2xml(1),   pcp2zabbix(1),
       pmcd(1),  pmchart(1),  pmcollectl(1),  pmdiff(1),  pmdumplog(1), pmdumptext(1), pminfo(1),
       pmiostat(1), pmlogextract(1), pmlogsummary(1), pmprobe(1), pmstat(1),  pmval(1),  sadf(1),
       sar(1),  pmGetOptions(3),  pmSpecLocalPMDA(3), pmLoadDerivedConfig(3), pmParseUnitsStr(3),
       pmRegisterDerived(3), strftime(3),  LOGARCHIVE(5),  pcp.conf(5),  pmns(5),  pmrep.conf(5),
       environ(7) and vmstat(8).