Provided by: pcp_4.3.1-1_amd64 bug


       pmval, pmevent - arbitrary performance metrics value dumper


       pmval  [-dgLrvz]  [-A  align]  [-a  archive] [-f N] [-h host] [-i instances] [-K spec] [-n
       pmnsfile] [-O offset] [-p port] [-S starttime] [-s samples] [-T endtime] [-t interval] [-U
       archive] [-w width] [-x pattern] [-Z timezone] metricname


       pmval  prints current or archived values for the nominated performance metric.  The metric
       of interest is named in the metricname argument, subject to  instance  qualification  with
       the -i flag as described below.

       Unless  directed to another host by the -h option, or to a set of archives by the -a or -U
       options, pmval will contact the Performance Metrics Collector Daemon (PMCD) on  the  local
       host to obtain the required information.

       The metricname argument may also be given in the metric specification syntax, as described
       in PCPIntro(1), where the  source,  metric  and  instance  may  all  be  included  in  the
       metricname,  e.g. thathost:kernel.all.load["1 minute"].  When this format is used, none of
       the -h or -a or -U options may be specified.

       When using the metric specification syntax, the ``hostname'' @ is  treated  specially  and
       causes  pmval  to  use  a  local  context  to collect metrics from PMDAs on the local host
       without PMCD.  Only some metrics are available in this mode.

       When processing a set of archives, pmval  may  relinquish  its  own  timing  control,  and
       operate  as  a  ``slave''  of a pmtime(1) process that uses a GUI dialog to provide timing
       control.  In this case, either the -g option should be used to start  pmval  as  the  sole
       slave  of  a  new  pmtime(1) instance, or -p should be used to attach pmval to an existing
       pmtime(1) instance via the IPC channel identified by the port argument.

       The -S, -T, -O and -A options may be used to define a time window to restrict the  samples
       retrieved,  set  an  initial  origin  within  the  time  window,  or specify a ``natural''
       alignment of the sample times; refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete  description  of  these

       The  other options which control the source, timing and layout of the information reported
       by pmval are as follows:

       -a   Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of  Performance  Co-Pilot  (PCP)
            archive  logs  identified.  The  argument is a comma-separated list of names, each of
            which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a directory containing one or
            more archives. See also -U.

       -d   When replaying from a set of archives, this option requests that the prevailing real-
            time delay be applied between samples (see -t) to effect a  pause,  rather  than  the
            default behaviour of replaying at full speed.

       -f   Numbers  are reported in ``fixed point'' notation, rather than the default scientific
            notation.  Each number will be up to the  column  width  determined  by  the  default
            heuristics,  else  the -w option if specified, and include N digits after the decimal
            point.  So, the options -f 3 -w 8 would produce numbers  of  the  form  9999.999.   A
            value of zero for N omits the decimal point and any fractional digits.

       -g   Start  pmval  as  the  slave  of  a  new  pmtime(1)  process  for  replay of archived
            performance data using the pmtime(1) graphical user interface.

       -h   Current performance metric values are retrieved from the nominated host machine.

       -i   instances is a list of one or more  instance  names  for  the  nominated  performance
            metric  -  just  these  instances  will  be retrieved and reported (the default is to
            report all instances).  The list must be a single argument, with elements of the list
            separated by commas and/or white space.

            The  instance name may be quoted with single (') or double (") quotes for those cases
            where the instance name contains white space or commas.

            Multiple -i options are allowed as an alternative way of  specifying  more  than  one
            instance of interest.

            As an example, the following are all equivalent:

                 $ pmval -i "'1 minute','5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmval -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' kernel.all.load
                 $ pmval -i "'1 minute' '5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmval -i "'1 minute'" -i "'5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmval 'localhost:kernel.all.load["1 minute","5 minute"]'

       -K   When  fetching metrics from a local context, the -K option may be used to control the
            DSO PMDAs that should be made accessible.  The spec argument conforms to  the  syntax
            described in pmSpecLocalPMDA(3).  More than one -K option may be used.

       -n   Normally pmval operates on the default Performance Metrics Name Space (PMNS), however
            if the -n option is specified an  alternative  namespace  is  loaded  from  the  file

       -p   Attach  pmval  to  an  existing  pmtime(1)  time control process instance via the IPC
            channel identified by the port argument.  This option is normally only used by  other
            tools, e.g.  pmchart(1), when they launch pmval with synchronized time control.

       -r   Print raw values for cumulative counter metrics.  Normally cumulative counter metrics
            are converted to rates.  For example, disk transfers are reported as number  of  disk
            transfers  per second during the preceding sample interval, rather than the raw value
            of number of disk transfers since the  machine  was  booted.   If  you  specify  this
            option, the raw metric values are printed.

       -s   The  argument samples defines the number of samples to be retrieved and reported.  If
            samples is 0 or -s is not specified, pmval will sample and  report  continuously  (in
            real time mode) or until the end of the set of PCP archives (in archive mode).

       -t   The  default update interval may be set to something other than the default 1 second.
            The interval argument follows  the  syntax  described  in  PCPIntro(1),  and  in  the
            simplest  form  may  be  an  unsigned  integer  (the  implied  units in this case are

       -U   Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of  Performance  Co-Pilot  (PCP)
            archive  logs  identified.  The  argument is a comma-separated list of names, each of
            which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a directory containing one or
            more  archives.   However,  unlike  -a  every  recorded  value in the archive for the
            selected metric and instances is reported (so no interpolation mode, and  the  sample
            interval (-t option) is ignored. See also -a.

            At most one of the options -a and -U may be specified.

       -w   Set the width of each column of output to be width columns.  If not specified columns
            are wide enough to accommodate the largest value of the type being printed.

       -x   The given pattern is sent to the performance metric domain agent  for  the  requested
            metricname  before  any values are requested.  This serves two purposes.  Firstly, it
            provides a mechanism  for  server-side  event  filtering  that  is  customisable  for
            individual  event  streams.  In addition, some performance metrics domain agents also
            use the PMCD store mechanism to provide a basic security model  (e.g.  for  sensitive
            log  files,  only  a  client  host with pmStore(3) access would be able to access the
            event stream).

            As pattern may be processed by regcomp(3) it should be a  non-empty  string.   Use  .
            (dot) for a “match all” pattern.

       -Z   By  default,  pmval  reports  the  time of day according to the local timezone on the
            system where pmval is run.  The -Z option changes the timezone  to  timezone  in  the
            format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(7).

       -z   Change the reporting timezone to the local timezone at the host that is the source of
            the performance metrics, as identified via either the metricname or the -h or  -a  or
            -U options.

       The  following  symbols  may  occasionally  appear,  in  place of a metric value, in pmval
       output:  A question mark symbol (?) indicates that a value is no longer available for that
       metric  instance.  An exclamation mark (!)  indicates that a 64-bit counter wrapped during
       the sample.

       The output from pmval is directed to standard output.


                 default PMNS specification files


       Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory
       names used by PCP.  On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
       for these variables.  The $PCP_CONF  variable  may  be  used  to  specify  an  alternative
       configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).


       PCPIntro(1),  pmcd(1),  pmchart(1),  pmdumplog(1),  pmdumptext(1), pminfo(1), pmlogger(1),
       pmrep(1), pmtime(1), PMAPI(3), pmStore(3), pmSpecLocalPMDA(3), pcp.conf(5) and pcp.env(5).


       All are generated on standard error and are intended to be self-explanatory.


       By default, pmval attempts to display non-integer numeric values in a way  that  does  not
       distort  the  inherent  precision  (rarely  more  than 4 significant digits), and tries to
       maintain a tabular format in the output.  These goals are sometimes in conflict.

       In the absence of the -f option (described  above),  the  following  table  describes  the
       formats  used  for  different  ranges  of  numeric  values  for any metric that is of type
       PM_TYPE_FLOAT or PM_TYPE_DOUBLE, or any metric that has the semantics of  a  counter  (for
       which pmval reports the rate converted value):

                                   │ Format   │     Value Range      │
                                   │        ! │ No values available  │
                                   │9.999E-99 │ < 0.1                │
                                   │   0.0    │ 0                    │
                                   │   9.9999 │ > 0 and <= 0.9999    │
                                   │   9.999  │ > 0.9999 and < 9.999 │
                                   │  99.99   │ > 9.999 and < 99.99  │
                                   │ 999.9    │ > 99.99 and < 999.9  │
                                   │9999.     │ > 999.9 and < 9999   │
                                   │9.999E+99 │ > 9999               │