Provided by: postfix-policyd-spf-perl_2.011-1_all
postfix-policyd-spf-perl - pure-Perl Postfix policy server for SPF checking
Usage: policyd-spf-perl [-v]
This documentation assumes you have read Postfix's README_FILES/ SMTPD_POLICY_README.
postfix-policyd-spf-perl is a Postfix SMTP policy server for SPF checking. It is implemented in pure Perl and uses the Mail::SPF CPAN module. Note that Mail::SPF is a complete re-implementation of SPF based on the final experimental SPF RFC, RFC 4408. It shares no code with the older Mail::SPF::Query that was the original SPF development implementation. Mail::SPF was the inspiration for the new void lookup limit added in the standards track SPF RFC, RFC 7208. While Mail::SPF has not yet been specifically updated for RFC 7208, there are no significant changes needed. This version of the policy server always checks HELO before Mail From (older versions just checked HELO if Mail From was null). It will reject mail that fails either Mail From or HELO SPF checks. It will defer mail if there is a temporary SPF error and the message would othersise be permitted (DEFER_IF_PERMIT). If the HELO check produces a REJECT/DEFER result, Mail From will not be checked. If the message is not rejected or deferred, the policy server will PREPEND the appropriate SPF Received header. If Mail From is anything other than completely empty (i.e. <>) then the Mail From result will be used for SPF Received (e.g. Mail From None even if HELO is Pass). The policy server skips SPF checks for connections from the localhost (127.) and instead prepends and logs 'SPF skipped - localhost is always allowed.' If you have relays that you want to skip SPF checks for, create a configuration file, /etc/postfix/exempt_spf_addresses and add them on one using standard CIDR notation in a space separated list. For these addresses, 'X-Comment: SPF skipped for whitelisted relay' is prepended and logged. IPv6 localhost is also skipped. A configuration file, /etc/postfix/exempt_spf_domains, can be used to ignore domains that have broken SPF configurations that would normally fail. For those domains, add the domain to the file (one per line), and restart postfix so that the policy server can reload its configuration. The policy server will ignore the domain going forward. If defined, the configuration files described above need to have permissions to allow the policy server to read the files. Error conditions within the policy server (that don't result in a crash) or from Mail::SPF will return DUNNO.
Logging is sent to syslogd. Each time a Postfix SMTP server process is started it connects to the policy service socket and Postfix runs one instance of this Perls script. By default, a Postfix SMTP server process terminates after 100 seconds of idle time, or after serving 100 clients. Thus, the cost of starting this Perl script is smoothed over time. The default policy_time_limit is 1000 seconds. This may be too short for some SMTP transactions to complete. As recommended in SMTPD_POLICY_README, this should be extended to 3600 seconds. To do so, set "policy_time_limit = 3600" in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
TESTING THE POLICY DAEMON
Testing the policy daemon To test the policy daemon by hand, execute: % /usr/sbin/postfix-policyd-spf-perl Each query is a bunch of attributes. Order does not matter, and the server uses only a few of all the attributes shown below: request=smtpd_access_policy protocol_state=RCPT protocol_name=SMTP helo_name=some.domain.tld queue_id= instance=71b0.45e2f5f1.d4da1.0 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org client_address=220.127.116.11 client_name=another.domain.tld [empty line] The policy daemon will answer in the same style, with an attribute list followed by a empty line: action=550 Please see http://www.openspf.org/Whyemail@example.com&ip=18.104.22.168& firstname.lastname@example.org [empty line] To test HELO checking sender should be empty: sender= ... More attributes... [empty line] If you want more detail in the system logs change $VERBOSE to 1.
1. Add the following to /etc/postfix/master.cf: spfcheck unix - n n - 0 spawn user=policyd-spf argv=/usr/sbin/postfix-policyd-spf-perl 2. Configure the Postfix SPF policy service in /etc/postfix/main.cf: smtpd_recipient_restrictions = ... reject_unauth_destination check_policy_service unix:private/spfcheck ... spfcheck_time_limit = 3600 NOTE: Specify check_policy_service AFTER reject_unauth_destination or else your system can become an open relay. 3. Set up machines which you expect to legitimately forward mail to this server (see description in synopsis). This should typically include the IP addresses which backup Mail eXchangers, and known non-SRS forwarders will use to submit mail to this server (i.e. the source IPs of the other servers). 4. Restart Postfix. 5. Verify correct backup MX operation (if applicable).
This version of policyd-spf-perl was written by Meng Weng Wong <email@example.com> and updated for libmail-spf-perl by Scott Kitterman <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Julian Mehnle <email@example.com>. This man-page was written by Scott Kitterman <firstname.lastname@example.org>. 2012-01-19 postfix-policyd-spf-perl(1)