Provided by: preprocess_1.1.0+ds-1build1_all bug


       preprocess - Preprocess a file.


       preprocess [options...] infile


       Preprocess  is  like  a  typical  C  preprocessor,  but  it extends to multiple languages.
       Languages for which it works include: C++, Python, Perl, Tcl, XML, JavaScript,  CSS,  IDL,
       TeX, Fortran, PHP, Java, Shell scripts (Bash, CSH, etc.) and C#. Preprocess is usable both
       as a command line app and as a Python module.


       -h, --help
              Print help text and exit.

       -V, --version
              Print the version info and exit.

       -v, --verbose
              Give verbose output for errors.

       -o outfile
              Write output to the given file instead of to stdout.

       -f, --force
              Overwrite given output file. Otherwise an IOError will be raised if outfile already

       -D define
              Define a variable for preprocessing. define can simply be a variable name (in which
              case it will be true) or it can be of the form var=val. An attempt will be made  to
              convert val to an integer so "-D FOO=0" will create a false value.

       -I dir Add a directory to the include path for #include directives.

       -k, --keep-lines
              Emit  empty  lines  for preprocessor statement lines and skipped output lines. This
              allows line numbers to stay constant.

       -s, --substitute
              Substitute defines into emitted lines. By default substitution is NOT done  because
              it currently will substitute into program strings.


               from preprocess import preprocess
               preprocess(infile, outfile=sys.stdout, defines={}, force=0,
                          keepLines=0, includePath=[], substitute=0)

       The <infile> can be marked up with special preprocessor statement lines of the form:

               <comment-prefix> <preprocessor-statement> <comment-suffix>

       where the <comment-prefix/suffix> are the native comment delimiters for that file type.


       HTML (*.htm, *.html) or XML (*.xml, *.kpf, *.xul) files:

               <!-- #if FOO -->
               <!-- #endif -->

       Python  (*.py), Perl (*.pl), Tcl (*.tcl), Ruby (*.rb), Bash (*.sh), or make ([Mm]akefile*)

               # #if defined('FAV_COLOR') and FAV_COLOR == "blue"
               # #elif FAV_COLOR == "red"
               # #else
               # #endif

       C (*.c, *.h), C++ (*.cpp, *.cxx, *.cc,  *.h,  *.hpp,  *.hxx,  *.hh),  Java  (*.java),  PHP
       (*.php) or C# (*.cs) files:

               // #define FAV_COLOR 'blue'
               /* #ifndef FAV_COLOR */
               // #endif

       Fortran 77 (*.f) or 90/95 (*.f90) files:

               C     #if COEFF == 'var'
               C     #endif


       Valid statements:

               #define <var> [<value>]
               #undef <var>
               #ifdef <var>
               #ifndef <var>
               #if <expr>
               #elif <expr>
               #error <error string>
               #include "<file>"

       where <expr> is any valid Python expression.

       The  expression  after  #if/elif  may  be a Python statement. It is an error to refer to a
       variable that has not been defined by a -D option or by an in-content #define.

       Special built-in methods for expressions:

               defined(varName)    Return true if given variable is defined.


       A suggested file naming convention is to let input files to  preprocess  be  of  the  form
       <basename>.p.<ext> and direct the output of preprocess to <basename>.<ext>, e.g.:

               preprocess -o

       The  advantage  is that other tools (esp. editors) will still recognize the unpreprocessed
       file as the original language.


       Trent Mick <>

       This manual page was written by Johannes Ring <> for the Debian GNU/Linux
       system (but may be used by others).