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Name

       qplay — convert QBASIC play strings to PCM

Syntax

       qplay [-i part] [-q part] [-r rate] [file...] | aplay -f dat -c 1

Description

       qplay  will  convert QBASIC-style strings for its "PLAY" command to linear 16-bit raw PCM.
       Normally, you will be wanting to pipe it into a raw PCM player like aplay(1)  to  actually
       output  it  to  a  sound  device.  Be  sure  to lower the volume beforehand to avoid nasty
       surprises that come with square waves. By default, bsvplay will mix 1:1 square:sine  waves
       to give a medium tone hardness.

Options

       -q part
              Part to mix square waves in (default: 1.0)

       -i part
              Part  to mix sine waves in (default: 1.0). If -q2 -i1 is specified for example, the
              final PCM output will consist of 2/3*squarepcm + 1/3*sinpcm.

       -r rate
              PCM sample rate (default: 48000 Hz)

File format / PLAY statements

       The file format qplay expects is of course not BASIC, but raw PLAY command strings.  Lines
       that start with a leading hash mark ('#') are ignored.

       Commands  are  case  insensitive  and  whitespace  is  mostly ignored. The original QBasic
       manpage is slightly incorrect; below is what qplay supports.

   Octave commands
       on     Sets the current octave. There are seven octaves, n = 0-6.

       >      Increases octave by 1. The upper octave limit in QBasic was 6; qplay has a limit of
              9.

       <      Decreases octave by 1. Octave cannot drop below 0.

   Tone commands
       A - G  Plays  a  note  in  the range A-G. The number sign (#) or the plus sign (+) after a
              note specifies sharp; a minus sign (-) specifies flat.  N n Plays note n. The range
              for  n  is  0-84 (in the seven possible octaves, there are 84 notes); n = 0 means a
              rest.

   Suffixes
       # or + Follows a specified note and turns it into a sharp.

       -      Follows a specified note and turns it into a flat.

   Duration commands
       L n    Sets the length of each note. L4 is a quarter note, L1 is a whole note,  etc.   The
              range  for  n  is 1-64. The length may also follow the note when a change of length
              only is desired for a particualr note. For example, A16 can be equivalent to L16A.

       MN     Sets "music normal" so that each note will play 7/8 of the time determined  by  the
              length (L).

       ML     Sets "music legato" so that each note will play the full period set by lengt (L).

       MS     Sets "music staccato" so that each note will play 3/4 of the time determined by the
              length (L).

   Tempo commands
       P n    Specifies a pause, ranging from 1-64. This option corresponds to the length of each
              note, set with L n.  T n Sets the "tempo", or the number of L4 quarter notes in one
              minute. The range for n is 32-255. The default for n is 120.

        .     A period after a note causes the note to play 3/2 times the length determined by  L
              (length)  times  T (tempo).  The period has the same meaning as in a musical score.
              Multiple periods can appear after a note. Each period adds a length equal  to  one-
              half  the length of the previous period. For example, the command A. plays 1 + 1/2,
              or 3/2 times the length, and A.. plays 1 + 1/2 + 1/4,  or  7/4  times  the  length.
              Periods  can  appear after a pause (P). In this case, the pause length is scaled in
              the same way notes are scaled.

   Variables
       X(var) Play the string in the variable var.

       Variable definitions in qplay syntax are for example:

            $var = "CDEF";

       and they must stand on a single line.

Examples

            echo "L16O2CDEFGAB>CDEFGAB>L4C" | qplay - | aplay -fdat -c1

       will play a tone ladder.

See also

       aplay(1), bsvplay(1), hxtools(7)