Provided by: wireshark-common_2.6.8-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       rawshark - Dump and analyze raw pcap data

SYNOPSIS

       rawshark [ -d <encap:linktype>|<proto:protoname> ] [ -F <field to display> ] [ -h ] [ -l ]
       [ -m <bytes> ] [ -n ] [ -N <name resolving flags> ] [ -o <preference setting> ] ...
       [ -p ] [ -r <pipe>|- ] [ -R <read (display) filter> ] [ -s ] [ -S <field format> ]
       [ -t a|ad|adoy|d|dd|e|r|u|ud|udoy ] [ -v ]

DESCRIPTION

       Rawshark reads a stream of packets from a file or pipe, and prints a line describing its
       output, followed by a set of matching fields for each packet on stdout.

INPUT

       Unlike TShark, Rawshark makes no assumptions about encapsulation or input. The -d and -r
       flags must be specified in order for it to run.  One or more -F flags should be specified
       in order for the output to be useful. The other flags listed above follow the same
       conventions as Wireshark and TShark.

       Rawshark expects input records with the following format by default. This matches the
       format of the packet header and packet data in a pcap-formatted file on disk.

           struct rawshark_rec_s {
               uint32_t ts_sec;      /* Time stamp (seconds) */
               uint32_t ts_usec;     /* Time stamp (microseconds) */
               uint32_t caplen;      /* Length of the packet buffer */
               uint32_t len;         /* "On the wire" length of the packet */
               uint8_t data[caplen]; /* Packet data */
           };

       If -p is supplied rawshark expects the following format.  This matches the struct
       pcap_pkthdr structure and packet data used in libpcap/WinPcap.  This structure's format is
       platform-dependent; the size of the tv_sec field in the struct timeval structure could be
       32 bits or 64 bits.  For rawshark to work, the layout of the structure in the input must
       match the layout of the structure in rawshark.  Note that this format will probably be the
       same as the previous format if rawshark is a 32-bit program, but will not necessarily be
       the same if rawshark is a 64-bit program.

           struct rawshark_rec_s {
               struct timeval ts;    /* Time stamp */
               uint32_t caplen;      /* Length of the packet buffer */
               uint32_t len;         /* "On the wire" length of the packet */
               uint8_t data[caplen]; /* Packet data */
           };

       In either case, the endianness (byte ordering) of each integer must match the system on
       which rawshark is running.

OUTPUT

       If one or more fields are specified via the -F flag, Rawshark prints the number, field
       type, and display format for each field on the first line as "packet number" 0. For each
       record, the packet number, matching fields, and a "1" or "0" are printed to indicate if
       the field matched any supplied display filter. A "-" is used to signal the end of a field
       description and at the end of each packet line. For example, the flags -F ip.src -F
       dns.qry.type might generate the following output:

           0 FT_IPv4 BASE_NONE - 1 FT_UINT16 BASE_HEX -
           1 1="1" 0="192.168.77.10" 1 -
           2 1="1" 0="192.168.77.250" 1 -
           3 0="192.168.77.10" 1 -
           4 0="74.125.19.104" 1 -

       Note that packets 1 and 2 are DNS queries, and 3 and 4 are not. Adding -R "not dns" still
       prints each line, but there's an indication that packets 1 and 2 didn't pass the filter:

           0 FT_IPv4 BASE_NONE - 1 FT_UINT16 BASE_HEX -
           1 1="1" 0="192.168.77.10" 0 -
           2 1="1" 0="192.168.77.250" 0 -
           3 0="192.168.77.10" 1 -
           4 0="74.125.19.104" 1 -

       Also note that the output may be in any order, and that multiple matching fields might be
       displayed.

OPTIONS

       -d  <encapsulation>
           Specify how the packet data should be dissected. The encapsulation is of the form
           type:value, where type is one of:

           encap:name Packet data should be dissected using the libpcap/WinPcap data link type
           (DLT) name, e.g. encap:EN10MB for Ethernet.  Names are converted using
           pcap_datalink_name_to_val().  A complete list of DLTs can be found at
           <http://www.tcpdump.org/linktypes.html>.

           encap:number Packet data should be dissected using the libpcap/WinPcap LINKTYPE_
           number, e.g. encap:105 for raw IEEE 802.11 or encap:101 for raw IP.

           proto:protocol Packet data should be passed to the specified Wireshark protocol
           dissector, e.g. proto:http for HTTP data.

       -F  <field to display>
           Add the matching field to the output. Fields are any valid display filter field. More
           than one -F flag may be specified, and each field can match multiple times in a given
           packet. A single field may be specified per -F flag. If you want to apply a display
           filter, use the -R flag.

       -h  Print the version and options and exits.

       -l  Flush the standard output after the information for each packet is printed.  (This is
           not, strictly speaking, line-buffered if -V was specified; however, it is the same as
           line-buffered if -V wasn't specified, as only one line is printed for each packet,
           and, as -l is normally used when piping a live capture to a program or script, so that
           output for a packet shows up as soon as the packet is seen and dissected, it should
           work just as well as true line-buffering.  We do this as a workaround for a deficiency
           in the Microsoft Visual C++ C library.)

           This may be useful when piping the output of TShark to another program, as it means
           that the program to which the output is piped will see the dissected data for a packet
           as soon as TShark sees the packet and generates that output, rather than seeing it
           only when the standard output buffer containing that data fills up.

       -m  <memory limit bytes>
           Limit rawshark's memory usage to the specified number of bytes. POSIX (non-Windows)
           only.

       -n  Disable network object name resolution (such as hostname, TCP and UDP port names), the
           -N flag might override this one.

       -N  <name resolving flags>
           Turn on name resolving only for particular types of addresses and port numbers, with
           name resolving for other types of addresses and port numbers turned off. This flag
           overrides -n if both -N and -n are present. If both -N and -n flags are not present,
           all name resolutions are turned on.

           The argument is a string that may contain the letters:

           m to enable MAC address resolution

           n to enable network address resolution

           N to enable using external resolvers (e.g., DNS) for network address resolution

           t to enable transport-layer port number resolution

           d to enable resolution from captured DNS packets

           v to enable VLAN IDs to names resolution

       -o  <preference>:<value>
           Set a preference value, overriding the default value and any value read from a
           preference file.  The argument to the option is a string of the form prefname:value,
           where prefname is the name of the preference (which is the same name that would appear
           in the preference file), and value is the value to which it should be set.

       -p  Assume that packet data is preceded by a pcap_pkthdr struct as defined in pcap.h. On
           some systems the size of the timestamp data will be different from the data written to
           disk. On other systems they are identical and this flag has no effect.

       -r  <pipe>|-
           Read packet data from input source. It can be either the name of a FIFO (named pipe)
           or ``-'' to read data from the standard input, and must have the record format
           specified above.

           If you are sending data to rawshark from a parent process on Windows you should not
           close rawshark's standard input handle prematurely, otherwise the C runtime might
           trigger an exception.

       -R  <read (display) filter>
           Cause the specified filter (which uses the syntax of read/display filters, rather than
           that of capture filters) to be applied before printing the output.

       -s  Allows standard pcap files to be used as input, by skipping over the 24 byte pcap file
           header.

       -S  Use the specified format string to print each field. The following formats are
           supported:

           %D Field name or description, e.g. "Type" for dns.qry.type

           %N Base 10 numeric value of the field.

           %S String value of the field.

           For something similar to Wireshark's standard display ("Type: A (1)") you could use
           %D: %S (%N).

       -t  a|ad|adoy|d|dd|e|r|u|ud|udoy
           Set the format of the packet timestamp printed in summary lines.  The format can be
           one of:

           a absolute: The absolute time, as local time in your time zone, is the actual time the
           packet was captured, with no date displayed

           ad absolute with date: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY-MM-DD, and time, as local
           time in your time zone, is the actual time and date the packet was captured

           adoy absolute with date using day of year: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY/DOY,
           and time, as local time in your time zone, is the actual time and date the packet was
           captured

           d delta: The delta time is the time since the previous packet was captured

           dd delta_displayed: The delta_displayed time is the time since the previous displayed
           packet was captured

           e epoch: The time in seconds since epoch (Jan 1, 1970 00:00:00)

           r relative: The relative time is the time elapsed between the first packet and the
           current packet

           u UTC: The absolute time, as UTC, is the actual time the packet was captured, with no
           date displayed

           ud UTC with date: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY-MM-DD, and time, as UTC, is the
           actual time and date the packet was captured

           udoy UTC with date using day of year: The absolute date, displayed as YYYY/DOY, and
           time, as UTC, is the actual time and date the packet was captured

           The default format is relative.

       -v  Print the version and exit.

READ FILTER SYNTAX

       For a complete table of protocol and protocol fields that are filterable in TShark see the
       wireshark-filter(4) manual page.

FILES

       These files contains various Wireshark configuration values.

       Preferences
           The preferences files contain global (system-wide) and personal preference settings.
           If the system-wide preference file exists, it is read first, overriding the default
           settings. If the personal preferences file exists, it is read next, overriding any
           previous values. Note: If the command line option -o is used (possibly more than
           once), it will in turn override values from the preferences files.

           The preferences settings are in the form prefname:value, one per line, where prefname
           is the name of the preference and value is the value to which it should be set; white
           space is allowed between : and value.  A preference setting can be continued on
           subsequent lines by indenting the continuation lines with white space.  A # character
           starts a comment that runs to the end of the line:

             # Capture in promiscuous mode?
             # TRUE or FALSE (case-insensitive).
             capture.prom_mode: TRUE

           The global preferences file is looked for in the wireshark directory under the share
           subdirectory of the main installation directory (for example,
           /usr/local/share/wireshark/preferences) on UNIX-compatible systems, and in the main
           installation directory (for example, C:\Program Files\Wireshark\preferences) on
           Windows systems.

           The personal preferences file is looked for in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/wireshark/preferences
           (or, if $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/wireshark does not exist while $HOME/.wireshark is present,
           $HOME/.wireshark/preferences) on UNIX-compatible systems and
           %APPDATA%\Wireshark\preferences (or, if %APPDATA% isn't defined,
           %USERPROFILE%\Application Data\Wireshark\preferences) on Windows systems.

       Disabled (Enabled) Protocols
           The disabled_protos files contain system-wide and personal lists of protocols that
           have been disabled, so that their dissectors are never called.  The files contain
           protocol names, one per line, where the protocol name is the same name that would be
           used in a display filter for the protocol:

             http
             tcp     # a comment

           The global disabled_protos file uses the same directory as the global preferences
           file.

           The personal disabled_protos file uses the same directory as the personal preferences
           file.

       Name Resolution (hosts)
           If the personal hosts file exists, it is used to resolve IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
           before any other attempts are made to resolve them.  The file has the standard hosts
           file syntax; each line contains one IP address and name, separated by whitespace. The
           same directory as for the personal preferences file is used.

           Capture filter name resolution is handled by libpcap on UNIX-compatible systems and
           WinPcap on Windows.  As such the Wireshark personal hosts file will not be consulted
           for capture filter name resolution.

       Name Resolution (subnets)
           If an IPv4 address cannot be translated via name resolution (no exact match is found)
           then a partial match is attempted via the subnets file.

           Each line of this file consists of an IPv4 address, a subnet mask length separated
           only by a / and a name separated by whitespace. While the address must be a full IPv4
           address, any values beyond the mask length are subsequently ignored.

           An example is:

           # Comments must be prepended by the # sign!  192.168.0.0/24 ws_test_network

           A partially matched name will be printed as "subnet-name.remaining-address".  For
           example, "192.168.0.1" under the subnet above would be printed as "ws_test_network.1";
           if the mask length above had been 16 rather than 24, the printed address would be
           ``ws_test_network.0.1".

       Name Resolution (ethers)
           The ethers files are consulted to correlate 6-byte hardware addresses to names. First
           the personal ethers file is tried and if an address is not found there the global
           ethers file is tried next.

           Each line contains one hardware address and name, separated by whitespace.  The digits
           of the hardware address are separated by colons (:), dashes (-) or periods (.).  The
           same separator character must be used consistently in an address. The following three
           lines are valid lines of an ethers file:

             ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff          Broadcast
             c0-00-ff-ff-ff-ff          TR_broadcast
             00.00.00.00.00.00          Zero_broadcast

           The global ethers file is looked for in the /etc directory on UNIX-compatible systems,
           and in the main installation directory (for example, C:\Program Files\Wireshark) on
           Windows systems.

           The personal ethers file is looked for in the same directory as the personal
           preferences file.

           Capture filter name resolution is handled by libpcap on UNIX-compatible systems and
           WinPcap on Windows.  As such the Wireshark personal ethers file will not be consulted
           for capture filter name resolution.

       Name Resolution (manuf)
           The manuf file is used to match the 3-byte vendor portion of a 6-byte hardware address
           with the manufacturer's name; it can also contain well-known MAC addresses and address
           ranges specified with a netmask.  The format of the file is the same as the ethers
           files, except that entries of the form:

             00:00:0C      Cisco

           can be provided, with the 3-byte OUI and the name for a vendor, and entries such as:

             00-00-0C-07-AC/40     All-HSRP-routers

           can be specified, with a MAC address and a mask indicating how many bits of the
           address must match. The above entry, for example, has 40 significant bits, or 5 bytes,
           and would match addresses from 00-00-0C-07-AC-00 through 00-00-0C-07-AC-FF. The mask
           need not be a multiple of 8.

           The manuf file is looked for in the same directory as the global preferences file.

       Name Resolution (services)
           The services file is used to translate port numbers into names.

           The file has the standard services file syntax; each line contains one (service) name
           and one transport identifier separated by white space.  The transport identifier
           includes one port number and one transport protocol name (typically tcp, udp, or sctp)
           separated by a /.

           An example is:

           mydns       5045/udp     # My own Domain Name Server mydns       5045/tcp     # My own
           Domain Name Server

       Name Resolution (ipxnets)
           The ipxnets files are used to correlate 4-byte IPX network numbers to names. First the
           global ipxnets file is tried and if that address is not found there the personal one
           is tried next.

           The format is the same as the ethers file, except that each address is four bytes
           instead of six.  Additionally, the address can be represented as a single hexadecimal
           number, as is more common in the IPX world, rather than four hex octets.  For example,
           these four lines are valid lines of an ipxnets file:

             C0.A8.2C.00              HR
             c0-a8-1c-00              CEO
             00:00:BE:EF              IT_Server1
             110f                     FileServer3

           The global ipxnets file is looked for in the /etc directory on UNIX-compatible
           systems, and in the main installation directory (for example, C:\Program
           Files\Wireshark) on Windows systems.

           The personal ipxnets file is looked for in the same directory as the personal
           preferences file.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

       WIRESHARK_APPDATA
           On Windows, Wireshark normally stores all application data in %APPDATA% or
           %USERPROFILE%.  You can override the default location by exporting this environment
           variable to specify an alternate location.

       WIRESHARK_DEBUG_WMEM_OVERRIDE
           Setting this environment variable forces the wmem framework to use the specified
           allocator backend for *all* allocations, regardless of which backend is normally
           specified by the code. This is mainly useful to developers when testing or debugging.
           See README.wmem in the source distribution for details.

       WIRESHARK_RUN_FROM_BUILD_DIRECTORY
           This environment variable causes the plugins and other data files to be loaded from
           the build directory (where the program was compiled) rather than from the standard
           locations.  It has no effect when the program in question is running with root (or
           setuid) permissions on *NIX.

       WIRESHARK_DATA_DIR
           This environment variable causes the various data files to be loaded from a directory
           other than the standard locations.  It has no effect when the program in question is
           running with root (or setuid) permissions on *NIX.

       ERF_RECORDS_TO_CHECK
           This environment variable controls the number of ERF records checked when deciding if
           a file really is in the ERF format.  Setting this environment variable a number higher
           than the default (20) would make false positives less likely.

       IPFIX_RECORDS_TO_CHECK
           This environment variable controls the number of IPFIX records checked when deciding
           if a file really is in the IPFIX format.  Setting this environment variable a number
           higher than the default (20) would make false positives less likely.

       WIRESHARK_ABORT_ON_DISSECTOR_BUG
           If this environment variable is set, Rawshark will call abort(3) when a dissector bug
           is encountered.  abort(3) will cause the program to exit abnormally; if you are
           running Rawshark in a debugger, it should halt in the debugger and allow inspection of
           the process, and, if you are not running it in a debugger, it will, on some OSes,
           assuming your environment is configured correctly, generate a core dump file.  This
           can be useful to developers attempting to troubleshoot a problem with a protocol
           dissector.

       WIRESHARK_ABORT_ON_TOO_MANY_ITEMS
           If this environment variable is set, Rawshark will call abort(3) if a dissector tries
           to add too many items to a tree (generally this is an indication of the dissector not
           breaking out of a loop soon enough).  abort(3) will cause the program to exit
           abnormally; if you are running Rawshark in a debugger, it should halt in the debugger
           and allow inspection of the process, and, if you are not running it in a debugger, it
           will, on some OSes, assuming your environment is configured correctly, generate a core
           dump file.  This can be useful to developers attempting to troubleshoot a problem with
           a protocol dissector.

SEE ALSO

       wireshark-filter(4), wireshark(1), tshark(1), editcap(1), pcap(3), dumpcap(1),
       text2pcap(1), pcap-filter(7) or tcpdump(8)

NOTES

       Rawshark is part of the Wireshark distribution. The latest version of Wireshark can be
       found at <https://www.wireshark.org>.

       HTML versions of the Wireshark project man pages are available at:
       <https://www.wireshark.org/docs/man-pages>.

AUTHORS

       Rawshark uses the same packet dissection code that Wireshark does, as well as using many
       other modules from Wireshark; see the list of authors in the Wireshark man page for a list
       of authors of that code.