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       restorevol - Restore a volume from vos dump to the local file system


       restorevol [-file <dump file>] [-dir <restore dir> ]
           [-extension <name extension>]
           [-mountpoint <mount point root>]
           [-umask <mode mask>] [-help]


       restorevol takes an AFS volume in the format produced by vos dump and restores it to the
       local file system.  Normally, the contents of a volume are maintained by the AFS File
       Server in an opaque format and copying a volume's raw data does not make it easily
       accessible.  This utility will produce a directory tree that is equivalent to that seen
       via an AFS client, but without preserving the AFS-specific Access Control Lists (ACLs).
       It's primary use is to recover data from a volume dump or backup and make it available via
       a filesystem other than AFS.

       The dump output will read from standard input, or from a file if -file is specified.

       The restore process is as follows:

       1.  The dump file will be restored within the current directory or that specified with

       2.  Within this directory, a subdir is created.  It's name is the RW volume name that was
           dumped.  An extension can be appended to this directory name with -extension.

       3.  All mountpoints will appear as symbolic links to the volume name.  The path name to
           the volume will be either that in -mountpoint, or -dir.  Symbolic links remain

       4.  You can change your umask during the restore with -umask.  Otherwise, restorevol uses
           your current umask.  Mode bits for directories are 0777 (then AND'ed with the umask).
           Mode bits for files are the owner mode bits duplicated accross group and user (then
           AND'ed with the umask).

       5.  For restores of full dumps, if a directory says it has a file and the file is not
           found, then a symbolic link AFSFile-<#> will appear in that restored tree.  Restores
           of incremental dumps remove all these files at the end (expensive because it is a tree

       6.  If a file or directory was found in the dump but found not to be connected to the
           hierarchical tree, then the file or directory will be connected at the root of the
           tree as __ORPHANEDIR__.<#> or __ORPHANFILE__.<#>.

       7.  ACLs are not restored.


       Normally, use vos_restore(1) instead of this command.  restorevol is a tool of last resort
       to try to extract data from the data structures stored in a volume dumpfile and is not as
       regularly tested or used as the normal vos_restore(1) implementation.  Using restorevol
       bypasses checks done by the fileserver(8) and salvager(8).


       -file <dump file>
           Specifies the volume dump file to be read and restored to the local filesystem.  If
           this option is not given, the volume dump will be read from standard input.

       -dir <restore dir>
           Names the directory in which to create the restored filesystem.  The current directory
           is used by default.  Note that any mountpoints inside the volume will point to the
           same directory unless the -mountpoint option is also specified.

       -extension <name extension>
           By default, the name of the directory created matches the RW volume name of the volume
           in the dump file.  If this option is used, the directory name will be the RW volume
           name name extension as the suffix.

       -mountpoint <mount point root>
           By default, mountpoints inside the volume being restored point to the value given by
           -dir.  This option allows mountpoints to be resolved relative to another path.  A
           common use for this would be to specify a path under /afs as the mount point root so
           that mountpoints inside the restored volume would be resolved via AFS.

           The mount point root must exist, and the process running the command have read access
           to that directory, or the command will fail.

       -umask <mode mask>
           Sets the umask while creating files. If not specified, the current process umask is
           used. All directories are created with mode 0777 (ANDed with the umask), and files are
           created with the owner, group, and user mode bits set to the owner mode bits of the
           relevant AFS file (ANDed with the umask).

           Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.


       The following command restores the contents of the dumpfile in sample.dump to the
       directory /tmp/sample.2009-05-17, but having all mountpoints inside the volume point to
       AFS (note that this requires knowledge of where sample is mounted in AFS):

          % restorevol -file sample.dump -dir /tmp -extension .2009-05-17 \
              -mountpoint /afs/
          Restoring volume dump of 'sample' to directory '/tmp/sample.2009-05-17'


       The issuer must have read access to the dump file and write access to the directory into
       which the dump is restored.  If the -mountpoint flag is given, the issuer must also have
       read access to that directory.


       salvager(8), voldump(8), vos_dump(1), vos_restore(1)


       Copyright 2009 Steven Jenkins <>

       This documentation is covered by the BSD License as written in the doc/LICENSE file. This
       man page was written by Steven Jenkins for OpenAFS.