Provided by: scheme2c_2012.10.14-1ubuntu1_amd64
s2cc - Scheme to C compiler
s2cc [ option ] ... file ...
The s2cc command (previously known as scc) invokes a Scheme compiler which accepts the language defined in the essential portions of Revised4 Report on the Algorithmic Language Scheme, with minor constraints and some additions. The compiler produces C source files which are then compiled using the system's C compiler to produce conventional .o and a.out files. The C code produced by this compiler may be intermixed with other C code or code written in other languages.
These options are accepted by s2cc. Other options will be assumed to be options of the system's C compiler and they will be passed to it when it is invoked. -cc C compiler Compile the Scheme compiler produced C code with C compiler. If this flag is not supplied, then the C compiler cc will be used. -C Compile the Scheme programs found in the files source.sc and leave the resulting code in source.c files. No further operations are performed. -I directory Specifies a directory to be searched by include for source files. -f symbol value Define the compile-time constant symbol to value. This is equivalent to the construct (define-constant symbol value) appearing in the Scheme source. -i Combine the source and object files into a Scheme interpreter. The module name for each Scheme source file is automatically determined. Module names for previously compiled modules must be specified using the -m option. -m module-name Specifies the name of a previously compiled module. Note that the Scheme compiler will downshift the alphabetic characters in the module- name. Modules are initialized in the order that the -m flags appear. -Ob Optimize code by omitting bounds checks on vectors and strings. -Og Optimize code by omitting stack trace-back code. -On Optimize code by assuming that all numbers are fixed point. -Ot Optimize code by omitting type error checks. -pg Produce profiled code for run-time measurement using gprof(1). The profiled library is used in lieu of the standard Scheme library. -scgc statflag Enables garbage collection statistics. If set to 1, then garbage collection statistics will be printed. The default is 0, that will result in no statistics. -sch heap Specifies the compiler's initial heap size in megabytes. The default is system dependent. -scl percent Specifies the percent of the heap allocated after a generational garbage collection that will force a full collection. The default is 40. -scmh heap Specifies the compiler's maximum heap size in megabytes. The default is five times the initial size of the heap. -LIBDIR directory Specifies a directory containing the files: predef.sc, objects.h, libs2c.a, and optionally libs2c_p.a. -log Logs information internal to the compiler to the C source file produced by the compiler. Each type of information is controlled by a flag: -source, -macro, -expand, -closed, -transform, -lambda, -tree, -lap, -peep. The flag -log is equivalent to specifying the flags: -source, -macro, -expand, -closed, -transform, -lambda, -tree.
The items controlled by -sc.. flags can also be controlled by environment variables. If both the flag and the environment variable are provided, then the flag's value will be used. SCGCINFO Controls the reporting of garbage collection statistics to the standard error file. If set to 1, then garbage collection statistics will be printed. The default setting is 0 that will not print the statistics. SCHEAP Specifies the initial size of the heap in megabytes. The default heap size is system dependent. SCLIMIT Specifies the percent of the heap allocated after a generational garbage collection that will force a full collection. The default is 40. SCMAXHEAP Specifies the maximum size of the heap in megabytes.
Following the command options come one or more file names. name.sc Scheme source. Scheme source files will be compiled into C files with the name name.c. name.c C source. name.s Assembly language source. name.o Object file which may have been generated by any compiler. name.a Object file archive which may have been generated by any compiler.
The disgnostic messages produced by the compiler are printed on the standard error file.
/.../schemetoc/... source and documentation /.../libs2c.a library /.../libs2c_p.a profiled library (optional) /.../s2cc shell script /.../s2ccomp compiler /.../predef.sc predefined functions /.../objects.h definitions "#include'd" in the C code SC-TO-C.c temporary C source file source.S2C temporary C source file SC-TO-C.o temporary object file
When the compiler is able to identify every call to a procedure, it is able to generate it "in-line", and perform tail calls by using "goto". This analysis covers most loops, conditional expressions, and finite state machines. For non-tail recursive calls, the code generated by the compiler uses the standard C mechanisms for procedure call and return. This therefore requires that each top-level Scheme procedure, and any Scheme procedure which has more than one call which is not tail-recursive be compiled into its own C procedure. Calls to such procedures will be tail-recursive if and only if the host C compiler optimizes tail-recursion.
Harold Abelson and Gerald Jay Sussman with Julie Sussman, Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs, The MIT Press. William Clinger and Jonathan Rees (Editors), Revised4 Report on the Algorithmic Language Scheme, LISP Pointers, Volume IV, Number 3, July-September 1991. PostScript for this file is included in the software distribution. Jerry D. Smith, An Introduction to Scheme, Prentice Hall, Inc. Chapter notes for using this text with Scheme->C are included in the software distribution. R. Kent Dybvig, The SCHEME Programming Language, Prentice Hall, Inc. Daniel P. Friedman and Matthias Felleisen, The Little LISPer, MIT Press. Joel F. Bartlett, Scheme->C a Portable Scheme-to-C Compiler, WRL Research Report 89/1. Additional documentation is included in the software distribution. s2ci(1)