Provided by: scala_2.11.12-4_all bug


       scala - Run code in the Scala 2 language


       scala  [ <option> ]... [ <torun> <argument>... ]


              Any scalac option.  See scalac(1).

              How  to  execute  <torun>,  if  it  is  present.  Options  for <how> are guess (the
              default), script, jar, and object.

       -i <file>
              Requests that a file be pre-loaded.  It is only meaningful for interactive shells.

       -e <string>
              Requests that its argument be executed as Scala code.

              Save this compiled version of scripts in order to speed up later executions of  the
              same  script.   When running a script, save the compiled version in a file with the
              same name as the script but with an extension of .jar.  On subsequent runs  of  the
              same script, the pre-compiled .jar file will be used if it is newer than the script

              Do not use the fsc offline compiler.

       -nc    Same as -nocompdaemon.

              Set a Java system property.  If no value is specified, then the property is set  to
              the empty string.

              A top-level object or a script file to run.

              An arguments to pass to <torun>.


       The scala utility runs Scala code using a Java runtime environment.  The Scala code to run
       is specified in one of three ways:

          1.  With no arguments specified, a Scala shell starts and reads commands interactively.

          2.  With -howtorun:object specified, the fully qualified  name  of  a  top-level  Scala
              object  may  be  specified.   The object should previously have been compiled using

          3.  With -howtorun:script specified, a file containing Scala code may be specified.

       If -howtorun: is left as the default (guess), then the scala command will check whether  a
       file of the specified name exists.  If it does, then it will treat it as a script file; if
       it does not, then it will treat it as the name of an object.

       In all three cases, arbitrary scalac options may be specified. The most common  option  is
       to specify a classpath with -classpath, but see the scalac(1) page for full details.

       If  an  object is specified to run, then that object must be a top-level Scala object with
       the specified name.  The object must define a method main with the following signature:

       def main(args: Array[String]): Unit

       The method must return a Unit value, and it must accept a String  array  as  a  parameter.
       All  arguments  specified  on  the  command  line  will be passed as arguments to the main

       If a script file is specified to run, then the file is read and all Scala  statements  and
       declarations in the file are processed in order. Any arguments specified will be available
       via the argsvariable.

       Script files may have an optional header that is ignored if present.  There are  two  ways
       to  format the header: either beginning with #! and ending with !#, or beginning with ::#!
       and ending with ::!#.

       Such a header must have each header boundary start at the beginning of  a  line.   Headers
       can be used to make stand-alone script files, as shown in the examples below.

       When running a script or using -e, an already running compilation daemon (fsc) is used, or
       a new one started on demand.  The -nocompdaemon or -nc option can be used to prevent this.

       If scala is run from an sbaz(1) directory, then it will add  to  its  classpath  any  jars
       installed  in  the  lib  directory  of the sbaz directory.  Additionally, if no -classpath
       option is specified, then scala will add ".", the current directory, to  the  end  of  the


       If  any compiler options are specified, they must be first in the command line and must be
       followed by a bare hypen ("-") character. If no arguments are specified after the optional
       compiler  arguments,  then  an  interactive  Scala  shell is started.  Otherwise, either a
       script file is run, or a pre-compiled Scala object is run.  It is possible to  distinguish
       the  last  two cases by using an explicit -object or -script flag, but usually the program
       can guess correctly.


              Specify the java command to be used for running the Scala code.  Arguments  may  be
              specified  as part of the environment variable; spaces, quotation marks, etc., will
              be passed directly to the shell for expansion.

              Specify JDK/JRE home directory. This directory is used to locate the  java  command
              unless JAVACMD variable set.

              Specify the options to be passed to the java command defined by JAVACMD.

              With  Java 1.5 (or newer) one may for example configure the memory usage of the JVM
              as follows: JAVA_OPTS="-Xmx512M -Xms16M -Xss16M"


       Here are some examples of running Scala code:

       Execute a Scala program generated in the current directory
              scala hello.HelloWorld

       Execute a Scala program generated in a user-defined directory classes
              scala -classpath classes hello.HelloWorld

       Execute a Scala program using a user-defined java command
              env JAVACMD=/usr/local/bin/cacao scala -classpath classes hello.HelloWorld

       Execute a Scala program using JVM options
              env JAVACMD=java JAVA_OPTS="-Dmsg=hello -enableassertions" scala -classpath classes

       Here is a complete Scala script for Unix:

       exec scala "$0" "$@"
       Console.println("Hello, world!")
       args.toList foreach Console.println

       Here is a complete Scala script for MS Windows:

       @echo off
       call scala %0 %*
       goto :eof
       Console.println("Hello, world!")
       args.toList foreach Console.println

       If  you  want  to use the compilation cache to speed up multiple executions of the script,
       then add -savecompiled to the scala command:

       exec scala -savecompiled "$0" "$@"
       Console.println("Hello, world!")
       args.toList foreach Console.println


       The scala command returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is returned in  case
       of  any error.  If a script or top-level object is executed and returns a value, then that
       return value is passed on to scala.


       Written by Martin Odersky and other members of the Scala team.


       Report bugs to


       This is open-source software, available to you under a BSD-like license. See  accompanying
       "copyright"  or  "LICENSE" file for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for


       fsc(1), scalac(1), scaladoc(1), scalap(1)