Provided by: squid-purge_4.4-1ubuntu2_amd64 bug


       purge - magnifying glass into your squid cache


       purge    [-a]  [-c  cf] [-d l] [-(f|F) fn | -(e|E) re] [-p h[:p]] [-P #] [-s] [-v] [-C dir
       [-H]] [-n]


       purge is used to have a look at what URLs are stored in which file within your cache.  The
       purge  tool  can  also  be used to release objects which URLs match user specified regular
       expressions. A more troublesome feature is the ability to remove files squid does not seem
       to know about any longer.

       This is a tool for expert usage only, use it under your own responsibility.


       -a          a  kind  of  "i  am alive" flag. It can only be activated, if your stdout is a
                   tty. If active, it will display a little rotating line to indicate that  there
                   is actually something happening. You should not use this switch if you capture
                   your stdout in a file or if your expression list produces many matches. The -a
                   flag is also incompatible with the (default) multi cache_dir mode.
                   default: off        See also: -n

       -c cd       this  option  lets  you  specify  the  location of the squid.conf file.  Purge
                   understands about more than one cache_dir, and does so by parsing  squid.conf.
                   It  knows  about  both  ways  of  Squid-2  cache_dir  specifications, and will
                   automatically try to use the correct one.
                   default: /usr/local/squid/etc/squid.conf

       -C cf       if you want to rescue files from your cache, you need to specify the directory
                   into  which  the  files  will  be  copied.  Please note that purge will try to
                   establish the original server directory structure. This switch also  activates
                   copy-out  mode. Please do not use copy-out mode with any purge mode (-P) other
                   than 0.
                   For instance,  if  you  specified  "-C  /tmp",  purge  will  try  to  recreate
                   /tmp/www.server.1/url/path/file, and so forth.
                   default: off        See also: -H, -P

       -d l        lets  you  specify  a  debug  level. Different bits are reserved for different
                   default: 0

       -e|-E re    Specify one regular expression to be searched  for  in  the  cache.   This  is
                   useful  if  there  is  only  a  handful  of  objects you want to check. Please
                   remember to escape the shell meta characters used in your regular  expression.
                   The  use  of  single quotes around your expression is recommended. The capital
                   letter version works case sensitive, the lower caps version does not.
                   default: (no default)

       -f|-F fn    if you have more than a handful of expressions, or want to check the same  set
                   at  regular  intervals, the file option might be more useful to you. Each line
                   in the text file will be regarded  as  one  regular  expression.   Again,  the
                   capital letter version works case sensitive, the lower caps version does not.
                   default: (no default)

       -H          if  in copy-out mode (see: -C), you can specify to keep the HTTP Header in the
                   recreated file.
                   default: off        See also: -C

       -n          tell purge to process one cache_dir after another, instead of doing things  in
                   parallel.   If  you  have  more than one cache_dir in your configuration purge
                   will fork off a worker process for each cache_dir to do the checks for optimum
                   speed,  assuming  a decently designed cache. Since parallel execution will put
                   quite some load on the system and its controllers, it is  sometimes  preferred
                   to use less resources,     though it will take longer.
                   default: parallel mode for more than one cache_dir

       -p h[:p]    Some  cache admins use a different port than 3128. The purge tool will need to
                   connect to your cache in order to send the PURGE request (see -P). This option
                   lets  you  specify  the host and port to connect to. The port is optional. The
                   port can be a name (check your /etc/services) or number. It is separated  from
                   the host name portion by a single colon, no spaces allowed.
                   default: localhost:3128

       -P #        If  you  want  to do more than just print your cache content, you will need to
                   specify this option. Each bit is reserved for a different action. Only the use
                   of the LSB is recommended, the rest should be considered experimental.

              no bit set:    just print
              bit#0 set:     send PURGE for matches
              bit#1 set:     unlink object file for 404 not found PURGEs
              bit#2 set:     unlink weird object files

       If  you use a value other than 0 or 1, you will need to slow rebuild your cache content. A
       warning message will remind you of that. If you use bit#1, all  unsuccessful  PURGEs  will
       result  in  the  object file in your cache directory to be removed, because squid does not
       seem to know about it any longer. Beware that the asyncio might try to remove it after the
       purge  tool,  and  thus  complains bitterly. Bit#1 only makes sense, if Bit#0 is also set,
       otherwise it has no effect (since the HTTP status 404 is never returned).

       Bit#2 is reserved for strange files which do not even contain a  URL.  Beware  that  these
       files  may  indicate  a  new object squid currently intends to swap onto disk. If the file
       suddenly went away, or is removed when squid tries to fetch the object, it  will  complain
       bitterly. You must slow rebuild your cache, if you use this option.

       It  is recommended that if you dare to use bit#1 or bit#2, you should only grant the purge
       tool access to your squid, e.g.  move the HTTP and  ICP  listening  port  of  squid  to  a
       different non-standard location during the purge.
       default: 0 (just print)

       -s     If  you  specify  this  switch, all commandline parameters will be shown after they
              were parsed.
              default: off

       -v     be verbose in the things reported about the file. See the output section below.


       In order to use purge to affect a running proxy with PURGE method, you will have to enable
       this  feature  in  squid.conf. By default, PURGE is disabled. You should watch closely for
       whom you enable the PURGE ability, otherwise a total stranger just might wipe  your  cache
       content. Lines similar to the following will need to be added to your squid.conf:

              acl purge method PURGE
              http_access allow localhost purge
              http_access deny purge

       Reconfigure or restart (preferred) your squid after changing the configuration file.


       In  regular  mode,  the  output of purge consists of four columns. If the URL contains not
       encoded whitespaces, it may look as if there are more columns, but the  last  one  is  the
        # name   meaning
        = ====== ===========================================================
        1 file   name of cache file eximed which matches the regular expression.
        2 status return result of purge request, "  0" in print mode.
        3 size   object size including stored headers, not file size.
        4 uri    perceived uri

       Example for non-verbose output in print-mode:

       /cache3/00/00/0000004A   0     5682

       In  verbose mode, additional columns are inserted before the uri. Time stamps are reported
       using hexadecimal notation, and Squid's standard for reporting "no such timestamp" ==  -1,
       and "unparsable timestamp" == -2.
        # name   meaning
        = ====== ===========================================================
        1 file   name of cache file eximed which matches the re.
        2 status return result of purge request, "  0" in print mode "-P 0".
        3 size   object size including stored headers, not file size.
        4 md5    MD5 of URI from file, or "(no_md5_data_available)" string.
        5 ts     UTC of Value of Date: header in hex notation
        6 lr     UTC of last time the object was referenced
        7 ex     UTC of Expires: header
        8 lr     UTC of Last-Modified: header
        9  flags  Value of objects flags field in hex, see: Programmers Guide 10 refcnt number of
       times the object was referenced.  11 uri    STORE_META_URL uri or  "strange_file"  Example
       for    verbose    output    in    print-mode:    /cache1/00/00/000000B7      0         406
       7CFCB1D319F158ADC9CFD991BB8F6DCE  397d449b   39bf677b   ffffffff   3820abfc   0460       1


       Purge does not slow rebuild the cache for you.

       It  is still relatively slow, especially if your machine is low on memory and/or unable to
       hold all OS directory cache entries in main memory.

       Should never be used on "busy" caches with purge modes higher than 1.


       1) use the stat() result on weird files to have a look at their ctime and mtime.  If  they
       are  younger  than, lets say 30 seconds, they were just created by squid and should not be

       2) Add a query before purging objects or removing files, and add another option to  remove
       nagging for the experienced user.

       3) The reported object size may be off by one.


       This  program  and  manual was written by Santiago Garcia Mantinan <> Amos
       Jeffries <>

       Based on original squidpurge README.


        * Copyright (C) 1996-2018 The Squid Software Foundation and contributors
        * Squid software is distributed under GPLv2+ license and includes
        * contributions from numerous individuals and organizations.
        * Please see the COPYING and CONTRIBUTORS files for details.


       Questions on the usage of this program can be sent to the Squid Users mailing list <squid->


       See  for  details  of  what you need to
       include with your bug report.

       Report bugs or bug fixes using

       Report serious security bugs to Squid Bugs <>

       Report  ideas  for  new  improvements  to  the  Squid  Developers  mailing  list   <squid->


       squid(8), squidclient(1) cachemgr.cgi(8)

                                         October 12, 2014                                purge(8)