Provided by: xinit_1.4.0-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       startx - initialize an X session


       startx [ [ client ] options ... ] [ -- [ server ] [ display ] options ... ]


       The startx script is a front end to xinit(1) that provides a somewhat nicer user interface
       for running a single session of the X Window System.  It is often run with no arguments.

       Arguments immediately following the startx command are used to start a client in the  same
       manner  as  xinit(1).  The special argument '--' marks the end of client arguments and the
       beginning of server options.  It may be convenient to specify server options  with  startx
       to  change  on  a  per-session  basis  the default color depth, the server's notion of the
       number of dots-per-inch the display device presents, or  take  advantage  of  a  different
       server  layout,  as  permitted  by  the  Xorg(1)  server and specified in the xorg.conf(5)
       configuration.  Some examples of specifying server arguments follow;  consult  the  manual
       page for your X server to determine which arguments are legal.

              startx -- -depth 16

              startx -- -dpi 100

              startx -- -layout Multihead

       Note  that  in  the Debian system, what many people traditionally put in the .xinitrc file
       should go in .xsession instead; this permits  the  same  X  environment  to  be  presented
       whether  startx,  xdm,  or  xinit  is  used  to start the X session. All discussion of the
       .xinitrc file in the xinit(1) manual page applies equally well to .xsession.  Keep in mind
       that .xinitrc is used only by xinit(1) and completely ignored by xdm(1).

       To determine the client to run, startx looks for the following files, in order:





       If  command  line  client options are given, they override this behavior and revert to the
       xinit(1) behavior.  To determine the server to run, startx first looks for a  file  called
       .xserverrc in the user's home directory.  If that is not found, it uses the file xserverrc
       in the xinit library directory.  If command line server options are given,  they  override
       this  behavior  and  revert  to  the  xinit(1)  behavior.   Users rarely need to provide a
       .xserverrc file.  See the xinit(1) manual page for more details on the arguments.

       The system-wide xinitrc and xserverrc files are found in the /etc/X11/xinit directory.


       DISPLAY                  This variable gets set to  the  name  of  the  display  to  which
                                clients should connect.  Note that this gets set, not read.

       XAUTHORITY               This   variable,   if   not   already   defined,   gets   set  to
                                $(HOME)/.Xauthority.  This is to prevent the  X  server,  if  not
                                given  the -auth argument, from automatically setting up insecure
                                host-based authentication for the local host.  See the Xserver(1)
                                and   Xsecurity(7)   manual  pages  for  more  information  on  X
                                client/server authentication.


       $(HOME)/.xinitrc         Client to run.  Typically a shell script which runs many programs
                                in the background.

       $(HOME)/.xserverrc       Server to run.  The default is X.

       /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc   Client to run if the user has no .xinitrc file.

       /etc/X11/xinit/xserverrc Server to run if the user has no .xserverrc file.


       xinit(1), X(7), Xserver(1), Xorg(1), xorg.conf(5)