Provided by: stilts_3.1.5-1_all bug


       stilts-tcube - Calculates N-dimensional histograms


       stilts tcube [cols=<col-id> ...] [ifmt=<in-format>] [istream=true|false] [in=<table>]
                    [icmd=<cmds>] [bounds=[<lo>]:[<hi>] ...] [binsizes=<size> ...] [nbins=<num>
                    ...] [out=<out-file>] [otype=byte|short|int|long|float|double] [scale=<col-


       tcube constructs an N-dimensional histogram, or density map, from N columns  of  an  input
       table,  and  writes it out as an N-dimensional data cube. The parameters you supply define
       which N numeric columns of the input table you want to use and the dimensions (bounds  and
       pixel  sizes)  of  the  output  grid. Each table row then defines a point in N-dimensional
       space. The program goes through each row, and if the point that row defines  falls  within
       the  bounds  of the output grid you have defined, increments the value associated with the
       corresponding pixel. The resulting N-dimensional array, whose  pixel  values  represent  a
       count  of the rows associated with that region of the N-dimensional space, is then written
       out as a FITS file. In one dimension, this  gives  you  a  normal  histogram  of  a  given
       variable.  In  two dimensions it might typically be used to plot the density on the sky of
       objects from a catalogue.

       As with some of the other generic table commands, you can perform extensive pre-processing
       on  the  input  table  by  use  of  the  icmd  parameter before the actual cube counts are


       cols=<col-id> ...
              Columns to use for this task. One or more <col-id> elements, separated  by  spaces,
              should  be  given. Each one represents a column in the table, using either its name
              or index.

              The  number  of  columns  listed  in  the  value  of  this  parameter  defines  the
              dimensionality of the output data cube.

              Specifies  the  format  of  the input table as specified by parameter in. The known
              formats are listed in SUN/256. This flag can be used if you know what  format  your
              table is in. If it has the special value (auto) (the default), then an attempt will
              be made to detect the format of the table automatically. This cannot always be done
              correctly  however,  in  which  case the program will exit with an error explaining
              which formats were attempted.

              If set true, the input table specified by the  in  parameter  will  be  read  as  a
              stream.  It  is necessary to give the ifmt parameter in this case. Depending on the
              required operations and processing mode, this may cause the read to fail (sometimes
              it  is necessary to read the table more than once). It is not normally necessary to
              set this flag; in most cases the data will be streamed automatically if that is the
              best  thing  to  do.  However  it  can sometimes result in less resource usage when
              processing large files in certain formats (such as VOTable).

              The location of the input table. This may take one of the following forms:

                * A filename.

                * A URL.

                * The special value "-", meaning standard input. In this case  the  input  format
                  must  be  given  explicitly using the ifmt parameter. Note that not all formats
                  can be streamed in this way.

                * A system command line with either a "<"  character  at  the  start,  or  a  "|"
                  character at the end ("<syscmd" or "syscmd|"). This executes the given pipeline
                  and reads from its standard output. This will probably only work  on  unix-like
               In  any  case,  compressed data in one of the supported compression formats (gzip,
              Unix compress or bzip2) will be decompressed transparently.

              Specifies processing to be performed on the input table as specified  by  parameter
              in, before any other processing has taken place. The value of this parameter is one
              or more of the filter commands described in SUN/256. If more  than  one  is  given,
              they  must  be  separated  by  semicolon  characters  (";").  This parameter can be
              repeated multiple times on the same command line to build up a list  of  processing
              steps.  The  sequence of commands given in this way defines the processing pipeline
              which is performed on the table.

              Commands may alteratively be supplied in an external file, by using the indirection
              character  '@'. Thus a value of "@filename" causes the file filename to be read for
              a list of filter commands to execute. The commands in the file may be separated  by
              newline characters and/or semicolons, and lines which are blank or which start with
              a '#' character are ignored.

       bounds=[<lo>]:[<hi>] ...
              Gives the bounds for each dimension of the cube in data coordinates.  The  form  of
              the  value is a space-separated list of words, each giving an optional lower bound,
              then a colon, then an optional upper bound, for instance "1:100 0:20" to  represent
              a range for two-dimensional output between 1 and 100 of the first coordinate (table
              column) and between 0 and 20 for the second. Either or both numbers may be  omitted
              to  indicate  that  the  bounds should be determined automatically by assessing the
              range of the data in the table. A null value for the parameter indicates  that  all
              bounds should be determined automatically for all the dimensions.

              If  any  of  the bounds need to be determined automatically in this way, two passes
              through the data will be required, the first to determine bounds and the second  to
              populate the cube.

       binsizes=<size> ...
              Gives  the  extent  of  of  the  data  bins (cube pixels) in each dimension in data
              coordinates. The form of the value is a space-separated list of  values,  giving  a
              list  of extents for the first, second, ... dimension. Either this parameter or the
              nbins parameter must be supplied.

       nbins=<num> ...
              Gives the number of bins (cube pixels) in each dimension. The form of the value  is
              a space-separated list of integers, giving the number of pixels for the output cube
              in the first,  second,  ...  dimension.  Either  this  parameter  or  the  binsizes
              parameter must be supplied.

              The  location  of the output file. This is usually a filename to write to. If it is
              equal to the special value "-" the output will be written to standard output.

              The output cube is currently written as a single-HDU FITS file.

              The type of numeric value which will fill the output  array.  If  no  selection  is
              made,  the  output  type  will  be  determined  automatically  as the shortest type
              required to hold all the values in the array. Currently, integers are always signed
              (no BSCALE/BZERO), so for instance the largest value that can be recorded in 8 bits
              is 127.

              Optionally gives a value by which the count in each bin is scaled. If this value is
              null  (the  default) then for each row that falls within the bounds of a pixel, the
              pixel value will be incremented by 1. If a column ID is given, then  instead  of  1
              being  added, the value of that column for the row in question is added. The effect
              of this is that the output image contains the mean of the given column for the rows
              corresponding to each pixel rather than just a count of them.



       If  the  package  stilts-doc  is installed, the full documentation SUN/256 is available in
       HTML format:


       STILTS version 3.1-5-debian

       This is the Debian version of Stilts, which lack the support  of  some  file  formats  and
       network protocols. For differences see


       Mark Taylor (Bristol University)

                                             Mar 2017                             STILTS-TCUBE(1)