Provided by: sumo_1.1.0+dfsg1-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       Eclipse - A microscopic road traffic simulation

SYNOPSIS

       sumo [OPTION]*

DESCRIPTION

       Eclipse SUMO Version 1.1.0

              Copyright    (C)    2001-2018   German   Aerospace   Center   (DLR)   and   others;
              http://sumo.dlr.de

       A microscopic, multi-modal traffic simulation.

   Configuration Options:
       -c, --configuration-file FILE
              Loads the named config on startup

       -C, --save-configuration FILE
              Saves current configuration into FILE

       --save-template FILE
              Saves a configuration template (empty) into FILE

       --save-schema FILE
              Saves the configuration schema into FILE

       --save-commented
              Adds comments to saved template, configuration, or schema

   Input Options:
       -n, --net-file FILE
              Load road network description from FILE

       -r, --route-files FILE
              Load routes descriptions from FILE(s)

       -a, --additional-files FILE
              Load further descriptions from FILE(s)

       -w, --weight-files FILE
              Load edge/lane weights for online rerouting from FILE

       -x, --weight-attribute STR
              Name of the xml attribute which gives the edge weight

       --load-state FILE
              Loads a network state from FILE

       --load-state.offset TIME
              Shifts all times loaded from a saved state by the given offset

       --load-state.remove-vehicles STR
              Removes vehicles with the given IDs from the loaded state

   Output Options:
       --write-license
              Include license info into every output file

       --output-prefix STR
              Prefix which is applied to all output files. The special string 'TIME' is  replaced
              by the current time.

       --precision INT
              Defines the number of digits after the comma for floating point output

       --precision.geo INT
              Defines the number of digits after the comma for lon,lat output

       -H, --human-readable-time
              Write  time  values  as  hour:minute:second  or day:hour:minute:second rathern than
              seconds

       --netstate-dump FILE
              Save complete network states into FILE

       --netstate-dump.empty-edges
              Write also empty edges completely when dumping

       --netstate-dump.precision INT
              Write positions and speeds with the given precision (default 2)

       --emission-output FILE
              Save the emission values of each vehicle

       --emission-output.precision INT
              Write emission values with the given precision (default 2)

       --battery-output FILE
              Save the battery values of each vehicle

       --battery-output.precision INT
              Write battery values with the given precision (default 2)

       --chargingstations-output FILE
              Write data of charging stations

       --fcd-output FILE
              Save the Floating Car Data

       --fcd-output.geo
              Save the Floating Car Data using geo-coordinates (lon/lat)

       --fcd-output.signals
              Add the vehicle signal state to the FCD output (brake lights etc.)

       --fcd-output.filter-edges.input-file FILE
              Restrict fcd output to the edge selection from the given input file

       --full-output FILE
              Save a lot of information for each timestep (very redundant)

       --queue-output FILE
              Save the vehicle queues at the junctions (experimental)

       --vtk-output FILE
              Save complete vehicle positions inclusive speed values in the  VTK  Format  (usage:
              /path/out will produce /path/out_$TIMESTEP$.vtp files)

       --amitran-output FILE
              Save the vehicle trajectories in the Amitran format

       --summary-output FILE
              Save aggregated vehicle departure info into FILE

       --tripinfo-output FILE
              Save single vehicle trip info into FILE

       --tripinfo-output.write-unfinished
              Write tripinfo output for vehicles which have not arrived at simulation end

       --vehroute-output FILE
              Save single vehicle route info into FILE

       --vehroute-output.exit-times
              Write the exit times for all edges

       --vehroute-output.last-route
              Write the last route only

       --vehroute-output.sorted
              Sorts the output by departure time

       --vehroute-output.dua
              Write the output in the duarouter alternatives style

       --vehroute-output.cost
              Write costs for all routes

       --vehroute-output.intended-depart
              Write the output with the intended instead of the real departure time

       --vehroute-output.route-length
              Include total route length in the output

       --vehroute-output.write-unfinished
              Write vehroute output for vehicles which have not arrived at simulation end

       --vehroute-output.skip-ptlines
              Skip vehroute output for public transport vehicles

       --link-output FILE
              Save links states into FILE

       --bt-output FILE
              Save  bluetooth  visibilities  into FILE (in conjunction with device.btreceiver and
              device.btsender)

       --lanechange-output FILE
              Record lane changes and their motivations for all vehicles into FILE

       --lanechange-output.started
              Record start of lane change manoeuvres

       --lanechange-output.ended
              Record end of lane change manoeuvres

       --stop-output FILE
              Record stops and loading/unloading of passenger and  containers  for  all  vehicles
              into FILE

       --save-state.times INT[]
              Use INT[] as times at which a network state written

       --save-state.period TIME
              save state repeatedly after TIME period

       --save-state.prefix FILE
              Prefix for network states

       --save-state.suffix STR
              Suffix for network states (.sbx or .xml)

       --save-state.files FILE
              Files for network states

   Time Options:
       -b, --begin TIME
              Defines the begin time in seconds; The simulation starts at this time

       -e, --end TIME
              Defines the end time in seconds; The simulation ends at this time

       --step-length TIME
              Defines the step duration in seconds

   Processing Options:
       --step-method.ballistic
              Whether to use ballistic method for the positional update of vehicles (default is a
              semi-implicit Euler method).

       --lateral-resolution FLOAT
              Defines the resolution in m when handling lateral positioning within a  lane  (with
              -1 all vehicles drive at the center of their lane

       -s, --route-steps TIME
              Load routes for the next number of seconds ahead

       --no-internal-links
              Disable (junction) internal links

       --ignore-junction-blocker TIME
              Ignore  vehicles which block the junction after they have been standing for SECONDS
              (-1 means never ignore)

       --ignore-route-errors
              (1) Do not check whether routes are connected. (2) Allow inserting a vehicle  in  a
              situation which requires emergency braking.

       --ignore-accidents
              Do not check whether accidents occur

       --collision.action STR
              How to deal with collisions: [none,warn,teleport,remove]

       --collision.stoptime TIME
              Let  vehicle  stop  for  TIME before performing collision.action (except for action
              'none')

       --collision.check-junctions
              Enables collisions checks on junctions

       --collision.mingap-factor FLOAT
              Sets the fraction of minGap that must be maintained to avoid  collision  detection.
              If a negative value is given, the carFollowModel parameter is used

       --max-num-vehicles INT
              Delay vehicle insertion to stay within the given maximum number

       --max-num-teleports INT
              Abort the simulation if the given maximum number of teleports is exceeded

       --scale FLOAT
              Scale demand by the given factor (by discarding or duplicating vehicles)

       --time-to-teleport TIME
              Specify  how  long  a  vehicle  may  wait  until being teleported, defaults to 300,
              non-positive values disable teleporting

       --time-to-teleport.highways TIME
              The waiting time after which vehicles on a fast road (speed > 69m/s) are teleported
              if they are on a non-continuing lane

       --waiting-time-memory TIME
              Length  of time interval, over which accumulated waiting time is taken into account
              (default is 100s.)

       --max-depart-delay TIME
              How long vehicles wait for departure before being skipped,  defaults  to  -1  which
              means vehicles are never skipped

       --sloppy-insert
              Whether insertion on an edge shall not be repeated in same step once failed

       --eager-insert
              Whether each vehicle is checked separately for insertion on an edge

       --random-depart-offset TIME
              Each  vehicle receives a random offset to its depart value drawn uniformly from [0,
              TIME]

       --lanechange.duration TIME
              Duration of a lane change maneuver (default 0)

       --lanechange.overtake-right
              Whether overtaking on the right on motorways is permitted

       --tls.all-off
              Switches off all traffic lights.

       --time-to-impatience TIME
              Specify how long a vehicle may wait until impatience grows from 0 to 1, defaults to
              300, non-positive values disable impatience growth

       --default.action-step-length FLOAT
              Length  of  the default interval length between action points for the car-following
              and lane-change models (in seconds). If not specified, the  simulation  step-length
              is used per default. Vehicle- or VType-specific settings override the default. Must
              be a multiple of the simulation step-length.

       --default.carfollowmodel STR
              Select default car following model (Krauss, IDM, ...)

       --default.speeddev FLOAT
              Select default speed deviation. A negative value implies vClass  specific  defaults
              (0.1 for the default passenger class

       --default.emergencydecel STR
              Select  default  emergencyDecel  value among ('decel', 'default', FLOAT) which sets
              the value either to the same as the deceleration  value,  a  vClass-class  specific
              default or the given FLOAT in m/s^2

       --emergencydecel.warning-threshold FLOAT
              Sets  the  fraction  of  emergency  decel capability that must be used to trigger a
              warning.

       --pedestrian.model STR
              Select among pedestrian models ['nonInteracting', 'striping', 'remote']

       --pedestrian.striping.stripe-width FLOAT
              Width of parallel stripes for segmenting a sidewalk (meters)  for  use  with  model
              'striping'

       --pedestrian.striping.dawdling FLOAT
              factor for random slow-downs [0,1] for use with model 'striping'

       --pedestrian.striping.jamtime TIME
              Time  in  seconds  after which pedestrians start squeezing through a jam when using
              model 'striping' (non-positive values disable squeezing)

       --pedestrian.remote.address STR
              The address (host:port) of the external simulation

   Routing Options:
       --routing-algorithm STR
              Select among routing algorithms ['dijkstra', 'astar', 'CH', 'CHWrapper']

       --weights.random-factor FLOAT
              Edge weights for routing  are  dynamically  disturbed  by  a  random  factor  drawn
              uniformly from [1,FLOAT)

       --astar.all-distances FILE
              Initialize  lookup  table  for  astar  from  the  given file (generated by marouter
              --all-pairs-output)

       --astar.landmark-distances FILE
              Initialize lookup table for astar ALT-variant from the given file

       --persontrip.walkfactor FLOAT
              Use FLOAT as a factor on pedestrian maximum speed during intermodal routing

       --persontrip.transfer.car-walk STR
              Where  are  mode  changes  from  car   to   walking   allowed   (possible   values:
              'parkingAreas', 'ptStops', 'allJunctions' and combinations)

       --device.rerouting.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'rerouting' device

       --device.rerouting.explicit STR
              Assign a 'rerouting' device to named vehicles

       --device.rerouting.deterministic
              The 'rerouting' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.rerouting.period TIME
              The period with which the vehicle shall be rerouted

       --device.rerouting.pre-period TIME
              The rerouting period before depart

       --device.rerouting.adaptation-weight FLOAT
              The weight of prior edge weights for exponential moving average

       --device.rerouting.adaptation-steps INT
              The number of steps for moving average weight of prior edge weights

       --device.rerouting.adaptation-interval TIME
              The interval for updating the edge weights

       --device.rerouting.with-taz
              Use zones (districts) as routing startand endpoints

       --device.rerouting.init-with-loaded-weights
              Use weight files given with option --weight-files for initializing edge weights

       --device.rerouting.threads INT
              The number of parallel execution threads used for rerouting

       --device.rerouting.synchronize
              Let rerouting happen at the same time for all vehicles

       --device.rerouting.output FILE
              Save adapting weights to FILE

   Report Options:
       -v, --verbose
              Switches to verbose output

       --print-options
              Prints option values before processing

       -?, --help
              Prints this screen

       -V, --version
              Prints the current version

       -X, --xml-validation STR
              Set schema validation scheme of XML inputs ("never", "auto" or "always")

       --xml-validation.net STR
              Set schema validation scheme of SUMO network inputs ("never", "auto" or "always")

       -W, --no-warnings
              Disables output of warnings

       -l, --log FILE
              Writes all messages to FILE (implies verbose)

       --message-log FILE
              Writes all non-error messages to FILE (implies verbose)

       --error-log FILE
              Writes all warnings and errors to FILE

       --duration-log.disable
              Disable performance reports for individual simulation steps

       --duration-log.statistics
              Enable statistics on vehicle trips

       --no-step-log
              Disable console output of current simulation step

   Emissions Options:
       --phemlight-path FILE
              Determines where to load PHEMlight definitions from.

       --device.emissions.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'emissions' device

       --device.emissions.explicit STR
              Assign a 'emissions' device to named vehicles

       --device.emissions.deterministic
              The 'emissions' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

   Communication Options:
       --device.btreceiver.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'btreceiver' device

       --device.btreceiver.explicit STR
              Assign a 'btreceiver' device to named vehicles

       --device.btreceiver.deterministic
              The 'btreceiver' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.btreceiver.range FLOAT
              The range of the bt receiver

       --device.btreceiver.all-recognitions
              Whether all recognition point shall be written

       --device.btreceiver.offtime FLOAT
              The offtime used for calculating detection probability (in seconds)

       --device.btsender.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'btsender' device

       --device.btsender.explicit STR
              Assign a 'btsender' device to named vehicles

       --device.btsender.deterministic
              The 'btsender' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

   Battery Options:
       --device.battery.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'battery' device

       --device.battery.explicit STR
              Assign a 'battery' device to named vehicles

       --device.battery.deterministic
              The 'battery' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

   Example Device Options:
       --device.example.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'example' device

       --device.example.explicit STR
              Assign a 'example' device to named vehicles

       --device.example.deterministic
              The 'example' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.example.parameter FLOAT
              An exemplary parameter which can be used by all instances of the example device

   SSM Device Options:
       --device.ssm.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'ssm' device

       --device.ssm.explicit STR
              Assign a 'ssm' device to named vehicles

       --device.ssm.deterministic
              The 'ssm' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.ssm.measures STR
              Specifies  which  measures  will be logged (as a space separated sequence of IDs in
              ('TTC', 'DRAC', 'PET')).

       --device.ssm.thresholds STR
              Specifies thresholds corresponding to the specified measures (see documentation and
              watch the order!).  Only events exceeding the thresholds will be logged.

       --device.ssm.trajectories
              Specifies  whether  trajectories will be logged (if false, only the extremal values
              and times are reported, this is the default).

       --device.ssm.range FLOAT
              Specifies the detection range in meters (default is 50.00m.).  For  vehicles  below
              this distance from the equipped vehicle, SSM values are traced.

       --device.ssm.extratime FLOAT
              Specifies  the  time  in  seconds to be logged after a conflict is over (default is
              5.00secs.). Required >0 if PET is to be calculated for crossing conflicts.

       --device.ssm.file STR
              Give a global default filename for the SSM output.

       --device.ssm.geo
              Whether to use coordinates of the original reference system in output  (default  is
              false).

   ToC Device Options:
       --device.toc.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'toc' device

       --device.toc.explicit STR
              Assign a 'toc' device to named vehicles

       --device.toc.deterministic
              The 'toc' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.toc.manualType STR
              Vehicle type for manual driving regime.

       --device.toc.automatedType STR
              Vehicle type for automated driving regime.

       --device.toc.responseTime FLOAT
              Average response time needed by a driver to take back control.

       --device.toc.recoveryRate FLOAT
              Recovery rate for the driver's awareness after a ToC.

       --device.toc.lcAbstinence FLOAT
              Attention  level below which a driver restrains from performing lane changes (value
              in [0,1]).

       --device.toc.initialAwareness FLOAT
              Average awareness a driver has initially after a ToC (value in [0,1]).

       --device.toc.mrmDecel FLOAT
              Deceleration rate applied during a 'minimum risk maneuver'.

       --device.toc.ogNewTimeHeadway FLOAT
              Timegap for ToC preparation phase.

       --device.toc.ogNewSpaceHeadway FLOAT
              Additional spacing for ToC preparation phase.

       --device.toc.ogMaxDecel FLOAT
              Maximal deceleration applied for establishing  increased  gap  in  ToC  preparation
              phase.

       --device.toc.ogChangeRate FLOAT
              Rate of adaptation towards the increased headway during ToC preparation.

       --device.toc.useColorScheme
              Whether a coloring scheme shall by applied to indicate the different ToC stages.

       --device.toc.file STR
              Switches on output by specifying an output filename.

   Driver State Device Options:
       --device.driverstate.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'driverstate' device

       --device.driverstate.explicit STR
              Assign a 'driverstate' device to named vehicles

       --device.driverstate.deterministic
              The 'driverstate' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.driverstate.initialAwareness FLOAT
              Initial value assigned to the driver's awareness.

       --device.driverstate.errorTimeScaleCoefficient FLOAT
              Time scale for the error process.

       --device.driverstate.errorNoiseIntensityCoefficient FLOAT
              Noise intensity driving the error process.

       --device.driverstate.speedDifferenceErrorCoefficient FLOAT
              General  scaling  coefficient  for  applying  the  error  to  the  perceived  speed
              difference (error also scales with distance).

       --device.driverstate.headwayErrorCoefficient FLOAT
              General scaling coefficient for applying the error to the perceived distance (error
              also scales with distance).

       --device.driverstate.speedDifferenceChangePerceptionThreshold FLOAT
              Base  threshold  for  recognizing  changes  in the speed difference (threshold also
              scales with distance).

       --device.driverstate.headwayChangePerceptionThreshold FLOAT
              Base threshold for recognizing changes in the headway (threshold also  scales  with
              distance).

       --device.driverstate.minAwareness FLOAT
              Minimal admissible value for the driver's awareness.

   Bluelight Device Options:
       --device.bluelight.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'bluelight' device

       --device.bluelight.explicit STR
              Assign a 'bluelight' device to named vehicles

       --device.bluelight.deterministic
              The 'bluelight' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.bluelight.parameter FLOAT
              An exemplary parameter which can be used by all instances of the example device

   FCD Device Options:
       --device.fcd.probability FLOAT
              The probability for a vehicle to have a 'fcd' device

       --device.fcd.explicit STR
              Assign a 'fcd' device to named vehicles

       --device.fcd.deterministic
              The 'fcd' devices are set deterministic using a fraction of 1000

       --device.fcd.period STR
              Recording period for FCD-data

   TraCI Server Options:
       --remote-port INT
              Enables TraCI Server if set

       --num-clients INT
              Expected number of connecting clients

   Mesoscopic Options:
       --mesosim
              Enables mesoscopic simulation

       --meso-edgelength FLOAT
              Length of an edge segment in mesoscopic simulation

       --meso-tauff TIME
              Factor for calculating the net free-free headway time

       --meso-taufj TIME
              Factor for calculating the net free-jam headway time

       --meso-taujf TIME
              Factor for calculating the jam-free headway time

       --meso-taujj TIME
              Factor for calculating the jam-jam headway time

       --meso-jam-threshold FLOAT
              Minimum  percentage  of  occupied  space  to  consider a segment jammed. A negative
              argument causes thresholds to be computed based on edge speed and tauff (default)

       --meso-multi-queue
              Enable multiple queues at edge ends

       --meso-junction-control
              Enable mesoscopic traffic light and priority junction handling

       --meso-junction-control.limited
              Enable mesoscopic traffic light and priority junction handling for saturated links.
              This prevents faulty traffic lights from hindering flow in low-traffic situations

       --meso-tls-penalty FLOAT
              Apply  scaled  time penalties when driving across tls controlled junctions based on
              green split instead of checking actual phases

       --meso-minor-penalty TIME
              Apply  fixed  time  penalty  when  driving  across  a  minor   link.   When   using
              --meso-junction-control.limited,  the  penalty  is  not  applied  whenever  limited
              control is active.

       --meso-overtaking
              Enable mesoscopic overtaking

       --meso-recheck TIME
              Time interval for rechecking insertion into the next segment after failure

   Random Number Options:
       --random
              Initialises the random number generator with the current system time

       --seed INT
              Initialises the random number generator with the given value

   GUI Only Options:
       -g, --gui-settings-file FILE
              Load visualisation settings from FILE

       -Q, --quit-on-end
              Quits the GUI when the simulation stops

       -G, --game
              Start the GUI in gaming mode

       -S, --start
              Start the simulation after loading

       --breakpoints STR
              Use TIME[] as times when the simulation should halt

       -D, --demo
              Restart the simulation after ending (demo mode)

       -T, --disable-textures
              Do not load background pictures

       --registry-viewport
              Load current viewport from registry

       --window-size STR
              Create initial window with the given x,y size

       --window-pos STR
              Create initial window at the given x,y position

       --tracker-interval FLOAT
              The aggregation period for value tracker windows

       --gui-testing
              Enable ovelay for screen recognition

       --gui-testing-debug
              Enable output messages during GUI-Testing

EXAMPLES

              sumo -b 0 -e 1000 -n net.xml -r routes.xml

              start a simulation from time 0 to 1000 with given net and routes

              sumo -c munich_config.cfg

              start with a configuration file

              sumo --help

              print help

REPORTING BUGS

       Report bugs at <https://github.com/eclipse/sumo/issues>.
       Get in contact via <sumo@dlr.de>.

              Build features: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu PROJ GDAL GUI
              Copyright   (C)   2001-2018   German   Aerospace   Center   (DLR)    and    others;
              http://sumo.dlr.de

       Eclipse SUMO Version 1.1.0 is part of SUMO.
       This  program  and  the  accompanying  materials are made available under the terms of the
       Eclipse Public License v2.0 which accompanies  this  distribution,  and  is  available  at
       http://www.eclipse.org/legal/epl-v20.html
       SPDX-License-Identifier: EPL-2.0