Provided by: t2html_2016.1020+git294e8d7-1_all bug


       t2html - Simple text to HTML converter. Relies on text indentation rules.


           t2html [options] file.txt > file.html


       Convert pure text files into nice looking, possibly framed, HTML pages. An example of

         1. Plain text source code;a=blob_plain;f=doc/index.txt;hb=HEAD

         2. reusult of conversion with custom --css-file option:

         3. An Emacs mode tinytf.el for writing the text files (optional)

       Requirements for the input ascii files

       The file must be written in Technical Format, whose layout is described in the this
       manual. Basically the idea is simple and there are only two heading levels: one at column
       0 and the other at column 4 (halfway between the tab width). Standard text starts at
       column 8 (the position after pressed tab-key).

       The idea of technical format is that each column represents different rendering layout in
       the generated HTML. There is no special markup needed in the text file, so you can use the
       text version as a master copy of a FAQ etc. Bullets, numbered lists, word emphasis and
       quotation etc. can expressed in natural way.

       HTML description

       The generated HTML includes embedded Cascading Style Sheet 2 (CSS2) and a small piece of
       Java code. The CSS2 is used to colorize the page loyout and to define suitable printing
       font sizes. The generated HTML also takes an approach to support XHTML. See page where the backward compatibility recommendations
       are outlined:

           Legal HTML          XHTML requires
           <P>                 <p> ..</p>
           <BR>                <br></br>
           <HR>                <hr></hr>

       XHTML does not support fragment identifiers #foo, with the "name" element, but uses "id"
       instead. For backward compatibility both elements are defined:

           <"tag">     Is now <.. name="tag" id="tag">

       NOTE: This program was never designed to be used for XHTML and the strict XHTML validity
       is not to be expected.


       The easiest format to write large documents, like FAQs, is text. A text file offers
       WysiWyg editing and it can be turned easily into HTML format.  Text files are easily
       maintained and there is no requirements for special text editors. Any text editor like
       notepad, vi, Emacs can be used to maintain the documents.

       Text files are also the only sensible format if documents are kept under version control
       like RCS, CVS, SVN, Arch, Perforce, ClearCase. They can be asily compared with diff and
       patches can be easily received and sent to them.

       To help maintining large documents, there is also available an Emacs minor mode, package
       called tinytf.el, which offers text fontification with colors, Indentation control, bullet
       filling, heading renumbering, word markup, syntax highlighting etc.  See project


   Html: Header and Footer options
           Any extra HTML formatting or text manipulation is suppressed. Text is preserved as it
           appears in file. Use this option if you plan to deliver or and print the text as seen.

               o  If file contains "Table of Contents" it is not removed
               o  Table of Content block is not created (it usually would)

       --author -a STR
           Author of document e.g. --author "John Doe"

       --disclaimer-file FILE
           The text that appears at the footer is read from this file. If not given the default
           copyright text is added. Options "--quiet" and "--simple" suppress disclaimers.

       --document FILE
           Name of the document or filename. You could list all alternative URLs to the document
           with this option.

       --email -e EMAIL
           The contact address of the author of the document. Must be pure email address with no
           "<" and ">" characters included. Eg.  --email

               --email "<>"     WRONG
               --email ""       right

       --simple -s
           Print minimum footer only: contact, email and date. Use "--quiet" to completely
           discard footer.

           Allow processing embedded #T2HTML-<tag> directives inside file. See full explanation
           by reading topic "EMBEDDED DIRECTIVES INSIDE TEXT". By default, you do not need to to
           supply this option - it is "on" by default.

           To disregard embedded directives in text file, supply "no" option: --not2html-tags.

       --title STR -t STR
           The title text that appears in top frame of browser.

       --url URL

       Location of the HTML file. When --document gave the name, this gives the location. This
       information is printed at the Footer.

   Html: Navigation urls
       --base URL
           URL location of the HTML file in the destination site where it will be put available.
           This option is needed only if the document is hosted on a FTP server (rare, but
           possible). A FTP server based document cannot use Table Of Contents links (fragment
           #tag identifiers) unless HTML tag BASE is also defined.

           The argument can be full URL to the document:


           Add additional [toc] navigation button to the end of each heading. This may be useful
           in long non-framed HTML files.

       --button-top URL
           Buttons are placed at the top of document in order: [previous][top][next] and
           --button-* options define the URLs.

           If URL is string none then no button is inserted. This may be handy if the buttons are
           defined by a separate program. And example using Perl:


               my $top   = "index.html";             # set defaults
               my $prev  = "none";
               my $next  = "none";

               # ... somewhere $prev or $next may get set, or then not

               qx(t2html --button-top "$top" --button-prev "$prev" --button-next "$next" ...);

               # End of sample program

       --button-prev URL
           URL to go to previous document or string none.

       --button-next URL
           URL to go to next document or string none.

       --reference tag=value
           You can add any custom references (tags) inside text and get them expand to any value.
           This option can be given multiple times and every occurrence of TAG is replaced with
           VALUE. E.g. when given following options:

               --reference "#HOME-URL="
               --reference "#ARCHIVE-URL="

           When referenced in text, the generated HTML includes expanded expanded to values. An
           example text:

                   The homepage is #HOME-URL/page.html and the mirrot page it at
                   #ARCHIVE-URL/page.html where you can find the latest version.

       -R, --reference-separator STRING
           See above. String that is used to split the TAG and VALUE. Default is equal sign "=".

       -T, --toc-url-print
           Display URLs (constructed from headings) that build up the Table of Contents (NAME
           AHREF tags) in a document. The list is outputted to stderr, so that it can be

               % t2html --toc-url-print tmp.txt > file.html 2> toc-list.txt

           Where would you need this? If you want to know the fragment identifies for your file,
           you need the list of names.


   Html: Controlling CSS generation (HTML tables)
           This option affects how the code section (column 12) is rendered. Normally the section
           is surrounded with a <pre>..</pre> codes, but with this options, something more
           fancier is used. The code is wrapped inside a <table>...</table> and the background
           color is set to a shade of gray.

       --css-code-note "REGEXP"
           Option --css-code-bg is required to activate this option. A special word defined using
           regexp (default is 'Note:') will mark code sections specially.  The "first word" is
           matched against the supplied Perl regexp.

           The supplied regexp must not, repeat, must not, include any matching group operators.
           This simply means, that grouping parenthesis like "(one|two|three)" are not allowed.
           You must use the Perl non-grouping ones like "(?:one|two|three)". Please refer to perl
           manual page [perlre] if this short introduction did not give enough rope.

           With this options, instead of rendering column 12 text with <pre>..</pre>, the text
           appears just like regular text, but with a twist. The background color of the text has
           been changed to darker grey to visually stand out form the text.

           An example will clarify. Suppose that you passed options --css-code-bg and
           --css-code-note='(?:Notice|Note):', which instructed to treat the first paragraphs at
           column 12 differently. Like this:

               This is the regular text that appears somewhere at column 8.
               It may contain several lines of text in this paragraph.

                   Notice: Here is the special section, at column 12,
                   and the first word in this paragraph is 'Notice:'.
                   Only that makes this paragraph at column 12 special.

               Now, we have some code to show to the user:

                   for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                       //  Doing something in this loop

           One note, text written with initial special word, like "Notice:", must all fit in one
           full pragraph. Any other paragraphs that follow, are rendered as code sections. Like

               This is the regular text that appears somewhere
               It may contain several lines of text in this paragraph

                   Notice: Here is the special section, at column 12,
                   and the first word in this paragraph is 'Notice:'
                   which makes it special

                   Hoewver, this paragraph IS NOT rendered specially
                   any more. Only the first paragraph above.

                   for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                       //  Doing something in this loop

           As if this were not enough, there are some special table control directives that let
           you control the <table>..</table> which is put around the code section at column 12.
           Here are few examples:

               Here is example 1


                   for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                       //  Doing something in this loop

               Here is example 2


                   for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                       //  Doing something in this loop

               Here is example 3


                   for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                       //  Doing something in this loop

               Here is example 4


                   for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                       //  Doing something in this loop

           Looks cryptic? Cannot help that and in order for you to completely understand what
           these directives do, you need to undertand what elements can be added to the <table>
           and <td> tokens. Refer to HTML specification for available attributes. Here is
           briefing what you can do:

           The start command is:

                       After this comes attribute pairs in form key:value
                       and multiple ones as key1:value1:key2:value2 ...

           The "key:value" pairs can be:

                  This is converted into <td attributes>

                     This is converted into <table attributes>

           There can be no spaces in the ATTRIBUTES, because the "First-word" must be one
           contiguous word. An underscore can be used in place of space:

                     Interpreted as <table border="1" width="94%">

           It is also possible to change the default CLASS style with word "tableclass". In order
           the CLASS to be useful, its CSS definitions must be either in the default
           configuration or supplied from a external file.  See option --script-file.

                          Interpreted as <table class="name">

           For example, there are couple of default styles that can be used:

               1) Here is CLASS "dashed" example


                       for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                           //  Doing something in this loop

               2) Here is CLASS "solid" example:


                       for ( i = 0; i++; i < 10 )
                           //  Doing something in this loop

           You can change any individual value of the default table definition which is:

               <table  class="shade-note">

           To change e.g. only value cellpadding, you would say:


           If you are unsure what all of these were about, simply run program with --test-page
           and look at the source and generated HTML files. That should offer more rope to
           experiment with.

       --css-file FILE
           Include <LINK ...> which refers to external CSS style definition source.  This option
           is ignored if --script-file option has been given, because that option imports whole
           content inside HEAD tag. This option can appear multiple times and the external CSS
           files are added in listed order.

       --css-font-type CSS-DEFINITION
           Set the BODY element's font definition to CSS-DEFINITION. The default value used is
           the regular typeset used in newspapers and books:

               --css-font-type='font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;'

       --css-font-size CSS-DEFINITION
           Set the body element's font size to CSS-DEFINITION. The default font size is expressed
           in points:

               --css-font-size="font-size: 12pt;"

   Html: Controlling the body of document
       --delete REGEXP
           Delete lines matching perl REGEXP. This is useful if you use some document tool that
           uses navigation tags in the text file that you do not want to show up in generated

           Delete email headers at the beginning of file, until first empty line that starts the
           body. If you keep your document ready for Usenet news posting, they may contain
           headers and body:

               From: ...
               Newsgroups: ...


           Use this option to suppress default text deletion (which is on).

           Emacs "folding.el" package and vi can be used with any text or programming language to
           place sections of text between tags {{{ and }}}. You can open or close such folds.
           This allows keeping big documents in order and manageable quite easily. For Emacs
           support, see.

           The default value deletes these markers and special comments "#_comment" which make it
           possible to cinlude your own notes which are not included in the generated output.

             {{{ Security section

             #_comment Make sure you revise this section to
             #_comment the next release

             The seecurity is an important issue in everyday administration...
             More text ...


       --html-body STR
           Additional attributes to add to HTML tag <BODY>. You could e.g. define language of the
           text with --html-body LANG=en which would generate HTML tag <BODY LANG="en"> See
           section "SEE ALSO" for ISO 639.

       --html-column-beg="SPEC HTML-SPEC"
           The default interpretation of columns 1,2,3  5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 can be changed with
           beg and end swithes. Columns 0,4 can't be changed because they are reserved for
           headings. Here are some samples:

               --html-column-beg="7quote <em class='quote7'>"
               --html-column-end="7quote </em>"

               --html-column-beg="10    <pre> class='column10'"
               --html-column-end="10    </pre>"

               --html-column-beg="quote <span class='word'>"
               --html-column-end="quote </span>"

           Note: You can only give specifications up till column 12. If text is beyound column
           12, it is interpreted like it were at column 12.

           In addition to column number, the SPEC can also be one of the following strings

               Spec    equivalent word markup
               quote   `'
               bold    _
               emp     *
               small   +
               big     =
               ref     []   like: [Michael] referred to [rfc822]

               Other available Specs
               7quote      When column 7 starts with double quote.

           For style sheet values for each color, refer to class attribute and use --script-file
           option to import definitions. Usually /usr/lib/X11/rgb.txt lists possible color values
           and the HTML standard at defines following standard named colors:

               Black       #000000  Maroon  #800000
               Green       #008000  Navy    #000080
               Silver      #C0C0C0  Red     #FF0000
               Lime        #00FF00  Blue    #0000FF
               Gray        #808080  Purple  #800080
               Olive       #808000  Teal    #008080
               White       #FFFFFF  Fuchsia #FF00FF
               Yellow      #FFFF00  Aqua    #00FFFF

       --html-column-end="COL HTML-SPEC"
           See --html-column-beg

       --html-font SIZE
           Define FONT SIZE. It might be useful to set bigger font size for presentations.

       -F, --html-frame [FRAME-PARAMS]
           If given, then three separate HTML files are generated. The left frame will contain
           TOC and right frame contains rest of the text. The FRAME-PARAMS can be any valid
           parameters for HTML tag FRAMESET. The default is "cols="25%,75%"".

           Using this implies --out option automatically, because three files cannot be printed
           to stdout.


               --> file.html       The Frame file, point browser here
                   file-toc.html   Left frame (navigation)
                   file-body.html  Right frame (content)

       --language ID
           Use language ID, a two character ISO identifier like "en" for English during the
           generation of HTML. This only affects the text that is shown to end-user, like text
           "Table Of contents". The default setting is "en". See section "SEE ALSO" for standards
           ISO 639 and ISO 3166 for proper codes.

           The selected language changes propgram's internal arrays in two ways: 1) Instead of
           default "Table of ocntents" heading the national langaugage equivalent will be used 2)
           The text "Pic" below embedded sequentially numbered pictures will use natinal

           If your languagae is not supported, please send the phrase for "Table of contents" and
           word "Pic" in your language to the maintainer.

       --script-file FILE
           Include java code that must be complete <script...></script> from FILE. The code is
           put inside <head> of each HTML.

           The --script-file is a general way to import anything into the HEAD element. Eg. If
           you want to keep separate style definitions for all, you could only import a pointer
           to a style sheet.  See 14.3.2 Specifying external style sheets in HTML 4.0 standard.

       --meta-keywords STR
           Meta keywords. Used by search engines. Separate kwywords like "AA, BB, CC" with
           commas. Refer to HTML 4.01 specification and topic "7.4.4 Meta data" and see

               --meta-keywords "AA,BB,CC"

       --meta-description STR
           Meta description. Include description string, max 1000 characters. This is used by
           search engines. Refer to HTML 4.01 specification and topic "7.4.4 Meta data"

           First 1-4 words from the heading are used for the HTML name tags.  However, it is
           possible that two same headings start with exactly the same 1-4 words. In those cases
           you have to turn on this option. It will use counter 00 - 999 instead of words from
           headings to construct HTML name references.

           Please use this option only in emergencies, because referring to jump block name via


           is more convenient than using obscure reference


           In addition, each time you add a new heading the number changes, whereas the symbolic
           name picked from heading stays as long as you do not change the heading. Think about
           welfare of your netizens who bookmark you pages.  Try to make headings to not have
           same subjects and you do not need this option.

   Document maintenance and batch job commands
       -A, --auto-detect
           Convert file only if tag "#T2HTML-" is found from file. This option is handy if you
           run a batch command to convert all files to HTML, but only if they look like HTML base

               find . -name "*.txt" -type f \
                    -exec t2html --auto-detect --verbose --out {} \;

           The command searches all *.txt files under current directory and feeds them to
           conversion program. The --auto-detect only converts files which include "#T2HTML-"
           directives. Other text files are not converted.

       --link-check -l
           Check all http and ftp links.  This option is supposed to be run standalone Option
           --quiet has special meaning when used with link check.

           With this option you can regularly validate your document and remove dead links or
           update moved links. Problematic links are outputted to stderr.  This link check
           feature is available only if you have the LWP web library installed. Program will
           check if you have it at runtime.

           Links that are big, e.g. which match tar.gz .zip ... or that run programs (links with
           ? character) are ignored because the GET request used in checking would return whole
           content of the link and it would.  be too expensive.

           A suggestion: When you put binary links to your documents, add them with space:


           Then the program does check the http addresses. Users may not be able to get the file
           at one click, checker can validate at least the directory. If you are not the owner of
           the link, it is also possible that the file has moved of new version name has

       -L, --link-check-single
           Print condensed output in grep -n like manner FILE:LINE:MESSAGE

           This option concatenates the url response text to single line, so that you can view
           the messages in one line. You can use programming tools (like Emacs M-x compile) that
           can parse standard grep syntax to jump to locations in your document to correct the
           links later.

       -o, --out
           write generated HTML to file that is derived from the input filename.

               --out --print /dir/file            --> /dir/file.html
               --out --print /dir/file.txt        --> /dir/file.html
               --out --print /dir/file.this.txt   --> /dir/file.this.html

       --link-cache CACHE_FILE
           When links are checked periodically, it would be quite a rigorous to check every link
           every time that has already succeeded. In order to save link checking time, the "ok"
           links can be cached into separate file. Next time you check the links, the cache is
           opened and only links found that were not in the cache are checked. This should
           dramatically improve long searches. Consider this example, where every text file is
           checked recursively.

               $ t2html --link-check-single \
                 --quiet --link-cache ~tmp/link.cache \
                 `find . -name "*.txt" -type f`

       -O, --out-dir DIR
           Like --out, but chop the directory part and write output files to DIR. The following
           would generate the HTML file to current directory:

               --out-dir .

           If you have automated tool that fills in the directory, you can use word none to
           ignore this option. The following is a no-op, it will not generate output to directory

               --out-dir none

       -p, --print
           Print filename to stdout after HTML processing. Normally program prints no file names,
           only the generated HTML.

               % t2html --out --print page.txt

               --> page.html

       -P, --print-url
           Print filename in URL format. This is useful if you want to check the layout
           immediately with your browser.

               % t2html --out --print-url page.txt | xargs lynx

               --> file: /users/foo/txt/page.html

       --split REGEXP
           Split document into smaller pieces when REGEXP matches. Split commands are standalone,
           meaning, that it starts and quits. No HTML conversion for the file is engaged.

           If REGEXP is found from the line, it is a start point of a split. E.g. to split
           according to toplevel headings, which have no numbering, you would use:

               --split '^[A-Z]'

           A sequential numbers, 3 digits, are added to the generated partials:


           The split feature is handy if you want to generate slides from each heading: First
           split the document, then convert each part to HTML and finally print each part (page)
           separately to printer.

       -S1, --split1
           This is shorthand of --split command. Define regexp to split on toplevel heading.

       -S2, --split2
           This is shorthand of --split command. Define regexp to split on second level heading.

       -SN, --split-named-files
           Additional directive for split commands. If you split e.g. by headings using --split1,
           it would be more informative to generate filenames according to first few words from
           the heading name. Suppose the heading names where split occur were:

               Program guidelines

           Then the generated partial filenames would be as follows.


       -X, --xhtml
           Render using strict XHTML. This means using <hr/>, <br/> and paragraphs use <p>..</p>.

           "Note: this option is experimental. See BUGS"

   Miscellaneous options
       --debug LEVEL
           Turn on debug with positive LEVEL number. Zero means no debug.

       --help -h
           Print help screen. Terminates program.

           Print default CSS used. Terminates program. You can copy and modify this output and
           instruct to use your own with --css-file=FILE.  You can also embed the option to files
           with "#T2HTML-OPTION" directive.

           Print help in HTML format. Terminates program.

           Print help page in Unix manual page format. You want to feed this output to nroff -man
           in order to read it. Terminates program.

           Print the test page: HTML and example text file that demonstrates the capabilities.

           Print to stderr time spent used for handling the file.

       -v, --verbose [LEVEL]
           Print verbose messages.

       -q, --quiet
           Print no footer at all. This option has different meaning if --link-check option is
           turned on: print only erroneous links.

       V, --version
           Print program version information.


       Program converts text files to HTML. The basic idea is to rely on indentation level, and
       the layout used is called 'Technical format' (TF) where only minimal conventions are used
       to mark italic, bold etc.  text. The Basic principles can be demonstrated below. Notice
       the column poisiton ruler at the top:

        --//-- description start

        123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 123456789 column numbers

        Heading 1 starts with a big letter at leftmost column 1

         The column positions 1,2,3 are currently undefined and may not
         format correctly. Do not place text at columns 1,2 or 3.

            Heading level 2 starts at half-tab column 4 with a big letter

             Normal but colored text at columns 5

              Normal but colored text at columns 6

               Heading 3 can be considered at position TAB minus 1, column 7.

               "Special <em> text at column 7 starts with double quote"

                Standard text starts at column 8, you can *emphatize* text or
                make it _strong_ and write =SmallText= or +BigText+ show
                variable name `ThisIsAlsoVariable'. You can `_*nest*_' `the'
                markup. more txt in this paragraph txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt

                 Strong text at column 9

                  Column 10 is reserved for quotations
                  Column 10 is reserved for quotations
                  Column 10 is reserved for quotations
                  Column 10 is reserved for quotations

                 Strong text at column 11

                  Column 12 and further is reserved for code examples
                  Column 12 and further is reserved for code examples
                  All text here are surrounded by <pre> HTML codes
                  This CODE column in affected by the --css-code* options.

            Heading 2 at column 4 again

               If you want something like Heading level 3, use column 7 (bold)

                Column 8. Standard tab position. txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                [1998-09-10 Mr. Foo said]:

                  cited text at column 10. cited text cited text cited text
                  cited text cited text cited text cited text cited text
                  cited text cited text cited text cited text cited text
                  cited text

                *   Bullet at column 8. Notice 3 spaces after (*), so
                    text starts at half-tab forward at column 12.
                *   Bullet. txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                *   Bullet. txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                    ,txt txt txt txt

                    Notice that previous paragraph ends to P-comma
                    code, it tells this paragraph to continue in
                    bullet mode, otherwise this text at column 12
                    would be interpreted as code section surrounded
                    by <pre> HTML codes.

                .   This is ordered list.
                .   This is ordered list.
                .   This is ordered list.

                .This line starts with dot and is displayed in line by itself.
                .This line starts with dot and is displayed in line by itself.

                !! This adds an <hr> HTML code, text in line is marked with
                !! <strong> <em>

                Make this email address clickable <> Do not
                make this email address clickable, because it
                is only an example and not a real address. Notice that the
                last one was not surrounded by <>. Common login names like
                foo, bar, quux, or internet site 'example' are ignored

                Also do not make <> because there is extra
                white space. This may be more convenient way to disable email
                addresses temporarily.

        Heading1 again at column 0

            Subheading at column 4

                And regular text, column 8 txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt
                txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt txt

        --//-- description end

       That is it, there is the whole layout described. More formally the rules of text
       formatting are secribed below.

       ·   There are only two heading levels in this style. Heading columns are 0 and 4 and the
           heading must start with big letter ("Heading") or number ("1.0 Heading")

       ·   At column 4, if the text starts with small letter, that line is interpreted as

       ·   A HTML <hr> mark is added just before printing heading at level 1.

       ·   The headings are gathered, the TOC is built and inserted to the beginning of HTML
           page. The HTML <name> references used in TOC are the first 4 sequential words from the
           headings. Make sure your headings are uniquely named, otherwise there will be same
           NAME references in the generated HTML.  Spaces are converted into underscore when
           joining the words. If you can not write unique headings by four words, then you must
           use --name-uniq switch


       The basic rules for positioning text in certain columns:

       ·   Text at column 1 is undefined if it does not start with big letter or number to
           indicate Heading level 1.

       ·   Text between columns 2 and 3 is marked with <em>

       ·   Column 4 is reserved for heading level 2

       ·   Text between columns 5-7 is marked with <strong>

       ·   Text at column 7 is <em> if the first character is double quote.

       ·   Column 10 is reserved for <em> text. If you want to quote someone or to add reference
           text, place the text in this column.

       ·   Text at columns 9 and 11 are marked with <strong>

       Column 8 for text and special codes

       ·   Column 8 is reserved for normal text

       ·   At the start of text, at column 8, there can be DOT-code or COMMA-code.

       Column 12 is special

       ·   Column 12 is treated specially: block is started with <pre> and lines are marked as
           <samp></samp>. When the last text at column 12 is found, the block is closed with
           </pre>. An example:

               txt txt txt         ;evenly placed block, fine, do it like this
               txt txt

               txt txt txt txt     ;Can not terminate the /pre, because last
               txt txt txt txt     ;column is not at 12
                   txt txt txt txt

               txt txt txt txt
               txt txt txt txt
                   txt txt txt txt
               ;; Finalizing comment, now the text is evenly placed

   Additional tokens for use at column 8
       ·   If there is "."(dot) at the beginning of a line and immediately non-whitespace, then
           <br> code is added to the end of line.

               .This line will have a <BR> HTML tag at the end.
               While these two line are joined together
               by the browser, depending on the frame width.

       ·   If there is ","(comma) then the <p> code is not inserted if the previous line is
           empty. If you use both "."(dot) and ","(comma), they must be in order dot-comma. The
           ","(comma) works differently if it is used in bullet

           A <p> is always added if there is separation of paragraphs, but when you are writing a
           bullet, there is a problem, because a bullet exist only as long as text is kept

               *   This is a bullet and it has all text ketp together
                   even if there is another line in the bullet.

           But to write bullets tat spread multiple paragraphs, you must instruct that those are
           to kept together and the text in next paragraph is not <sample> while it is placed at
           column 12

               *   This is a bullet and it has all text ketp together
                   ,even if there is another line in the bullet.

                   This is new paragrah to the previous bullet and this is
                   not a text sample. See continued COMMA-code above.

               *   This is new bullet

                   // and this is code sample after bullet
                   if ( $flag ) { something.. }

   Special text markings
       italic, bold, code, small, big tokens
               _this_      is interpreted as <strong class='word'>this</strong>
               *this*      is interpreted as <em class='word'>this</em>
               `this'      is interpreted as <sample class='word'>this</sample> `

           Exra modifiers that can be mixed with the above. Usually if you want bigger font,

               =this=      is interpreted as <span class="word-small">this</span>
               +this+      is interpreted as <span class="word-big">this</span>
               [this]      is interpreted as <span class="word-ref">this</span>

               word[this]  is interpreted as superscript. You can use like
                           this[1], multiple[(2)] and almost any[(ab)] and
                           imaginable[IV superscritps] as long as the left
                           bracket is attached to the word.

               12[[10]]    is representation of value 12 un base 10.
                           This is interpreted as subscript. You can use like
                           this[[1]], multiple[[(2)]] and almost any[[(ab)]] and
                           imaginable[[IV superscritps]] as long as *two* left
                           brackets are attached to the word.

       embedding standard HTML tokens
           Stanadard special HTML entities can be added inside text in a normal way, either using
           sybolic names or the hash code. Here are exmples:

               &times; &lt; &gt; &le; &ge; &ne; &radic; &minus;
               &alpha; &beta; &gamma; &divide;
               &laquo; &raquo; &lsaquo; &rsaquo; - &ndash; &mdash;
               &asymp; &equiv; &sum; &fnof; &infin;
               &deg; &plusmn;
               &trade; &copy; &reg;
               &euro; &pound; &yen;

       embedding PURE HTML into text
           This feature is highly experimental. It is possible to embed pure HTML inside text in
           occasions, where e.g. some special formatting is needed. The idea is simple: you write
           HTML as usual but double every '<' and '>' characters, like:


           The other rule is that all PURE HTML must be kept together. There must be no line
           breaks between pure HTML lines. This is incorrect:




           The pure HTML must be written without extra newlines:


           This "doubling" affects normal text writing rules as well. If you write documents,
           where you describe Unix styled HERE-documents, you MUST NOT put the tokens next to
           each other:

                   bash$ cat<<EOF              # DON'T, this will confuse parser.

           You must write the above code example using spaces to prevent "<<" from interpreting
           as PURE HTML:

                   bash$ cat << EOF            # RIGHT, add spaces

       drawing a short separator
           A !! (two exclamation marks) at text column (position 8) causes adding immediate <hr>
           code. any text after !! in the same line is written with <strong> <em> and inserted
           just after <hr> code, therefore the word formatting commands have no effect in this

   Http and email marking control
       ·   All http and ftp references as well as <> email addresses are marked
           clickable. Email must have surrounding <> characters to be recognized.

       ·   If url is preceded with hyphen, it will not be clickable. If a string foo, bar, quux,
           test, site is found from url, then it is not counted as clickable.

               <>                   clickable

               <>                  not clickable; contains space
               <5dko56$>  Message-Id, not clickable

               -             hyphen, not clickable
               http://$EXAMPLE                 variable. not clickable

   Lists and bullets
       ·   The bulletin table is constructed if there is "o" or "*" at column 8 and 3 spaces
           after it, so that text starts at column 12. Bulleted lines are advised to be kept
           together; no spaces between bullet blocks.

               *   This is a bullet
               *   This is a bullte

           Another example:

               o   This is a bullet
               o   This is a bullet

           List example:

               .   This is an ordered list
               .   This is an ordered list

       ·   The ordered list is started with ".", a dot, and written like bullet where text starts
           at column 12.

   Line breaks
       ·   All line breaks are visible in your document, do not use more than one line break to
           separate paragraphs.

       ·   Very important is that there is only one line break after headings.


       Command line options
           You can cancel obeying all embedded directives by supplying option --not2html-tags.

           You can include these lines anywhere in the document and their content is included in
           HTML output. Each directive line must fit in one line and it cannot be broken to
           separate lines.

               #T2HTML-TITLE            <as passed option --title>
               #T2HTML-EMAIL            <as passed option --email>
               #T2HTML-AUTHOR           <as passed option --author>
               #T2HTML-DOC              <as passed option --doc>
               #T2HTML-METAKEYWORDS     <as passed option --meta-keywords>
               #T2HTML-METADESCRIPTION  <as passed option --meta-description>

           You can pass command line options embedded in the file. Like if you wanted the CODE
           section (column 12) to be coloured with shade of gray, you could add:

               #T2HTML-OPTION  --css-code-bg

           Or you could request turning on particular options. Notice that each line is exactly
           as you have passed the argument in command line. Imagine surrounding double quoted
           around lines that are arguments to the associated options.

               #T2HTML-OPTION  --as-is
               #T2HTML-OPTION  --quiet
               #T2HTML-OPTION  --language
               #T2HTML-OPTION  en
               #T2HTML-OPTION  --css-font-type
               #T2HTML-OPTION  Trebuchet MS
               #T2HTML-OPTION --css-code-bg
               #T2HTML-OPTION --css-code-note
               #T2HTML-OPTION (?:Note|Notice|Warning):

           You can also embed your own comments to the text. These are stripped away:

               #T2HTML-COMMENT  You comment here
               #T2HTML-COMMENT  You another comment here

       Embedding files
           #INCLUDE- command

           This is used to include the content into current current position. The URL can be a
           filename reference, where every $VAR is substituted from the environment variables.
           The tilde(~) expansion is not supported. The included filename is operating system
           supported path location.

           A prefix "raw:" disables any normal formatting. The file content is included as is.

           The URL can also be a HTTP reference to a remote location, whose content is included
           at the point. In case of remote content or when filename ends to extension ".html" or
           ".html", the content is stripped in order to make the inclusion of the content
           possible. In picture below, only the lines within the BODY, marked with !!, are

                   this text                 !!
                   and more of this          !!



       Embedding pictures
           #PIC command is used to include pictures into the text

               #PIC picture.png#Caption Text#Picture HTML attributes#align#
                     (1)        (2)          (3)                     (4)

               1.  The NAME or URL address of the picture. Like image/this.png

               2.  The Text that appears below picture

               3.  Additional attributes that are attached inside <img> tag.
                   For <img width="200" height="200">, the line would

                   #PIC some.png#Caption Text#width=200 length=200##

               4.  The position of image: "left" (default), "center", "right"

           Note: The "Caption Text" will also become the ALT text of the image which is used in
           case the browser is not capable of showing pictures.  You can suppress the ALT text
           with option --no-picture-alt.

       Fragment identifiers for named tags
           #REF command is used for referring to HTML <name> tag inside current document. The
           whole command must be placed on one single line and cannot be broken to multiple
           lines. An example:

               #REF #how_to_profile;(Note: profiling);
                     (1)            (2)

               1.  The NAME HTML tag reference in current document, a single word.
                   This can also be a full URL link.
                   You can get NAME list by enabling --toc-url-print option.

               2.  The clickable text is delimited by ; characters.

       Referring to external documents.
           "#URL" tag can be used to embed URLs inline, so that the full link is not visible.
           Only the shown text is used to jump to URL.  This directive cannot be broken to
           separate lines,

                #URL<FULL-URL><embedded inline text>
                    |          |
                    |          Displayed, clickable, text
                    Must be kept together

           An example:

                See search engine #URL<><Google>


       If there is heading 1, which is named exactly "Table of Contents", then all text up to
       next heading are discarded from the generated HTML file. This is done because program
       generates its own TOC. It is supposed that you use some text formatting program to
       generate the toc for you in .txt file and you do not maintain it manually. For example
       Emacs package tinytf.el can be used.


   Generated HTML document did not look what I intended
       Did you use editor that inseted TABs which inserts single ascii code (\t) and 8 spaces?
       check our editor's settings and prefer writing in-all-space format.

       The most common mistake is that there are extra newlines in the document. Keeep one empty
       line between headings and text, keep one empty line between paragraphs, keep one empty
       line between body text and bullet. Make it your mantra: one one one ...

       Next, you may have put text at wrong column position. Remember that the regular text is at
       column 8.

       If generated HTML suddendly starts using only one font, eg <pre>, then you have forgot to
       close the block. Make it read even, like this:

           Code block
               Code block
               Code block
           ;;  Add empty comment here to "close" the code example at column 12

       Headings start with a big letter or number, likein "Heading", not "heading". Double check
       the spelling.


       To print the test page and demonstrate possibilities:

           t2html --test-page

       To make simple HTML page without any meta information:

           t2html --title "Html Page Title" --author "Mr. Foo" \
                  --simple --out --print file.txt

       If you have periodic post in email format, use --delete-email-headers to ignore the header

           t2html --out --print --delete-email-headers page.txt

       To make page fast

           t2html --out --print page.txt

       To convert page from a text document, including meta tags, buttons, colors and frames. Pay
       attention to switch --html-body which defines document language.

           t2html                                              \
           --print                                             \
           --out                                               \
           --author    "Mr. foo"                               \
           --email     ""                       \
           --title     "This is manual page of page BAR"       \
           --html-body LANG=en                                 \
           --button-prev  previous.html                        \
           --button-top   index.html                           \
           --buttion-next next.html                            \
           --document   \
           --url       manual.html                             \
           --css-code-bg                                       \
           --css-code-note '(?:Note|Notice|Warning):'          \
           --html-frame                                        \
           --disclaimer-file   $HOME/txt/my-html-footer.txt    \
           --meta-keywords    "language-en,manual,program"     \
           --meta-description "Bar program to do this that and more of those" \

       To check links and print status of all links in par with the http error message (most

           t2html --link-check file.txt | tee link-error.log

       To print only problematic links:

           t2html --link-check --quiet file.txt | tee link-error.log

       To print terse output in egep -n like manner: line number, link and error code:

           t2html --link-check-single --quiet file.txt | tee link-error.log

       To check links from multiple pages and cache good links to separate file, use --link-cache
       option. The next link check will run much faster because cached valid links will not be
       fetched again. At regular intervals delete the link cache file to force complete check.

           t2html --link-check-single \
                  --link-cache $HOME/tmp/link.cache \
                  --quiet file.txt

       To split large document into pieces, and convert each piece to HTML:

           t2html --split1 --split-name file.txt | t2html --simple --out


           If environment variable EMAIL is defined, it is used in footer for contact address.
           Option --email overrides environment setting.

           The default language setting for switch "--language" Make sure the first two
           characters contains the language definition, like in: LANG=en.iso88591


       asciidoc(1) html2ps(1) htmlpp(1) markdown(1)

   Related programs
       Jan KXrrman <> has written Perl html2ps which was 2004-11-11 available at

       HTML validator is at

       iMATIX created htmlpp which is available from and seen 2014-03-05 at

       Emacs minor mode to help writing documents based on TF layout is available. See package
       tinytf.el in project

       RFC 1766 contains list of language codes at

       Latest HTML/XHTML and CSS specifications are at

   ISO standards
       639 Code for the representation of the names of languages

       3166 Standard Country Codes and


       The implementation was originally designed to work linewise, so it is unfortunately
       impossible to add or modify any existing feature to look for items that span more than one

       As the options --xhtml was much later added, it may not produce completely syntactically
       valid markup.


       CPAN/Administrative html


       No additional Perl CPAN modules needed for text to HTML conversion.


       If link check feature is used to to validate URL links, then following modules are needed
       from Perl CPAN "use LWP::UserAgent" "HTML::FormatText" and "HTML::Parse"

       If you module "HTML::LinkExtractor" is available, it is used instead of included link
       extracting algorithm.


       Homepage is at


       Copyright (C) 1996-2016 <>

       This program is free software; you can redistribute and/or modify program under the terms
       of GNU General Public license either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any
       later version.

       This documentation may be distributed subject to the terms and conditions set forth in GNU
       General Public License v2 or later; or, at your option, distributed under the terms of GNU
       Free Documentation License version 1.2 or later (GNU FDL).