Provided by: libguestfs-tools_1.40.2-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       virt-diff - Differences between files in two virtual machines

SYNOPSIS

        virt-diff [--options] -d domain1 -D domain2

        virt-diff [--options] -a disk1.img [-a ...] -A disk2.img [-A ...]

DESCRIPTION

       "virt-diff" lists the differences between files in two virtual machines or disk images.
       The usual use case is to show the changes in a VM after it has been running for a while,
       by taking a snapshot, running the VM, and then using this tool to show what changed
       between the new VM state and the old snapshot.

       This tool will find differences in filenames, file sizes, checksums, extended attributes,
       file content and more from a virtual machine or disk image.  However it does not look at
       the boot loader, unused space between partitions or within filesystems, "hidden" sectors
       and so on.  In other words, it is not a security or forensics tool.

       To specify two guests, you have to use the -a or -d option(s) for the first guest, and the
       -A or -D option(s) for the second guest.  The common case is:

        virt-diff -a old.img -A new.img

       or using names known to libvirt:

        virt-diff -d oldguest -D newguest

OPTIONS

       --help
           Display brief help.

       -a file
       --add file
           Add file which should be a disk image from the first virtual machine.  If the virtual
           machine has multiple block devices, you must supply all of them with separate -a
           options.

           The format of the disk image is auto-detected.  To override this and force a
           particular format use the --format=.. option.

       -a URI
       --add URI
           Add a remote disk.  See "ADDING REMOTE STORAGE" in guestfish(1).

       --all
           Same as --extra-stats --times --uids --xattrs.

       --atime
           The default is to ignore changes in file access times, since those are unlikely to be
           interesting.  Using this flag shows atime differences as well.

       -A file
       -A URI
           Add a disk image from the second virtual machine.

       --checksum
       --checksum=crc|md5|sha1|sha224|sha256|sha384|sha512
           Use a checksum over file contents to detect when regular files have changed content.

           With no argument, this defaults to using md5.  Using an argument, you can select the
           checksum type to use.  If the flag is omitted then file times and size are used to
           determine if a file has changed.

       -c URI
       --connect URI
           If using libvirt, connect to the given URI.  If omitted, then we connect to the
           default libvirt hypervisor.

           If you specify guest block devices directly (-a), then libvirt is not used at all.

       --csv
           Write out the results in CSV format (comma-separated values).  This format can be
           imported easily into databases and spreadsheets, but read "NOTE ABOUT CSV FORMAT"
           below.

       --dir-links
           The default is to ignore changes in the number of links in directory entries, since
           those are unlikely to be interesting.  Using this flag shows changes to the nlink
           field of directories.

       --dir-times
           The default is to ignore changed times on directory entries, since those are unlikely
           to be interesting.  Using this flag shows changes to the time fields of directories.

       -d guest
       --domain guest
           Add all the disks from the named libvirt guest, as the first guest.  Domain UUIDs can
           be used instead of names.

       -D guest
           Add all the disks from the named libvirt guest, as the second guest.  Domain UUIDs can
           be used instead of names.

       --echo-keys
           When prompting for keys and passphrases, virt-diff normally turns echoing off so you
           cannot see what you are typing.  If you are not worried about Tempest attacks and
           there is no one else in the room you can specify this flag to see what you are typing.

       --extra-stats
           Display extra stats.

       --format=raw|qcow2|..
       --format
           The default for the -a/-A option is to auto-detect the format of the disk image.
           Using this forces the disk format for -a/-A options which follow on the command line.
           Using --format with no argument switches back to auto-detection for subsequent -a/-A
           options.

           For example:

            virt-diff --format=raw -a disk.img [...]

           forces raw format (no auto-detection) for disk.img.

            virt-diff --format=raw -a disk.img --format -a another.img [...]

           forces raw format (no auto-detection) for disk.img and reverts to auto-detection for
           another.img.

           If you have untrusted raw-format guest disk images, you should use this option to
           specify the disk format.  This avoids a possible security problem with malicious
           guests (CVE-2010-3851).

       -h
       --human-readable
           Display file sizes in human-readable format.

       --key SELECTOR
           Specify a key for LUKS, to automatically open a LUKS device when using the inspection.
           "SELECTOR" can be in one of the following formats:

           --key "DEVICE":key:KEY_STRING
               Use the specified "KEY_STRING" as passphrase.

           --key "DEVICE":file:FILENAME
               Read the passphrase from FILENAME.

       --keys-from-stdin
           Read key or passphrase parameters from stdin.  The default is to try to read
           passphrases from the user by opening /dev/tty.

       --times
           Display time fields.

       --time-days
           Display time fields as days before now (negative if in the future).

           Note that 0 in output means "up to 1 day before now", or that the age of the file is
           between 0 and 86399 seconds.

       --time-relative
           Display time fields as seconds before now (negative if in the future).

       --time-t
           Display time fields as seconds since the Unix epoch.

       --uids
           Display UID and GID fields.

       -v
       --verbose
           Enable verbose messages for debugging.

       -V
       --version
           Display version number and exit.

       -x  Enable tracing of libguestfs API calls.

       --xattrs
           Display extended attributes.

NOTE ABOUT CSV FORMAT

       Comma-separated values (CSV) is a deceptive format.  It seems like it should be easy to
       parse, but it is definitely not easy to parse.

       Myth: Just split fields at commas.  Reality: This does not work reliably.  This example
       has two columns:

        "foo,bar",baz

       Myth: Read the file one line at a time.  Reality: This does not work reliably.  This
       example has one row:

        "foo
        bar",baz

       For shell scripts, use "csvtool" (https://github.com/Chris00/ocaml-csv also packaged in
       major Linux distributions).

       For other languages, use a CSV processing library (eg. "Text::CSV" for Perl or Python’s
       built-in csv library).

       Most spreadsheets and databases can import CSV directly.

EXIT STATUS

       This program returns 0 if successful, or non-zero if there was an error.

SEE ALSO

       guestfs(3), guestfish(1), virt-cat(1), virt-copy-out(1), virt-ls(1), virt-tar-out(1),
       http://libguestfs.org/.

AUTHOR

       Richard W.M. Jones http://people.redhat.com/~rjones/

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2009-2019 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

BUGS

       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       ·   The version of libguestfs.

       ·   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       ·   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       ·   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
           report.