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NAME

       vos_dump - Converts a volume into ASCII format and writes it to a file

SYNOPSIS

       vos dump -id <volume name or ID>
           [-time <dump from time>]
           [-file <dump file>] [-server <server>]
           [-partition <partition>] [-clone] [-omitdirs]
           [-cell <cell name>] [-noauth] [-localauth]
           [-verbose] [-encrypt] [-noresolve]
           [-config <config directory>]
           [-help]

       vos du -i <volume name or ID>
           [-t <dump from time>]
           [-f <dump file>] [-s <server>]
           [-p <partition>]
           [-cl] [-o] [-ce <cell name>] [-noa] [-l]
           [-v] [-e] [-nor]
           [-co <config directory>]
           [-h]

DESCRIPTION

       The vos dump command converts the contents of the indicated volume, which can be
       read/write, read-only or backup, into ASCII format. The Volume Server writes the converted
       contents to the file named by the -file argument, or to the standard output stream. In the
       latter case, the output can be directed to a named pipe, which enables interoperation with
       third-party backup utilities.

       To dump the complete contents of a volume (create a full dump), omit the -time argument or
       specify the value 0 (zero) for it. To create an incremental dump, which includes only the
       files and directories in the volume that have modification timestamps later than a certain
       time, specify a date and time as the value for the -time argument.

       By default, the vos command interpreter consults the Volume Location Database (VLDB) to
       learn the volume's location, so the -server and -partition arguments are not required. If
       the -id argument identifies a read-only volume that resides at multiple sites, the command
       dumps the version from just one of them (normally, the one listed first in the volume's
       VLDB entry as reported by the vos examine or vos listvldb command). To dump the read-only
       volume from a particular site, use the -server and -partition arguments to specify the
       site. To bypass the VLDB lookup entirely, provide a volume ID number (rather than a volume
       name) as the value for the -id argument, together with the -server and -partition
       arguments. This makes it possible to dump a volume for which there is no VLDB entry.

       During the dump operation, the volume is inaccessible both to Cache Managers and to other
       volume operations. Dumping a volume does not otherwise affect its status on the partition
       or its VLDB entry.

       To restore a dumped volume back into AFS, use the vos restore command.

CAUTIONS

       Support for incremental dumps is provided to facilitate interoperation with third-party
       backup utilities. The vos dump command does not provide any of the administrative
       facilities of an actual backup system, so the administrator must keep manual records of
       dump times and the relationship between full and incremental dumps of a volume. For a
       volume's contents to be consistent after restoration of incremental dumps, there must be
       no gap between the time at which a prior dump of the volume was created and the value of
       the -time argument to the vos dump command that creates the incremental dump. More
       specifically, for a read/write volume, the -time argument must specify the time that the
       prior dump was performed, and for a read-only or backup volume it must specify the time
       that the volume was last released (using the vos release command) or cloned (using the vos
       backup or vos backupsys command) prior to dumping it. The parent dump can be either a full
       dump or another incremental dump.

OPTIONS

       -id <volume name or ID>
           Specifies either the complete name or volume ID number of the read/write, read-only,
           or backup volume to dump.

       -time <dump from time>
           Specifies whether the dump is full or incremental. Omit this argument to create a full
           dump, or provide one of three acceptable values:

           ·   The value 0 (zero) to create a full dump.

           ·   A date in the format mm/dd/yyyy (month, day and year) to create an incremental
               dump that includes only files and directories with modification timestamps later
               than midnight (12:00 a.m.) on the indicated date. Valid values for the year range
               from 1970 to 2037; higher values are not valid because the latest possible date in
               the standard UNIX representation is in 2038. The command interpreter automatically
               reduces later dates to the maximum value. An example is "01/13/1999".

           ·   A date and time in the format "mm/dd/yyyy hh:MM" to create an incremental dump
               that includes only files and directories with modification timestamps later than
               the specified date and time. The date format is the same as for a date alone.
               Express the time as hours and minutes (hh:MM) in 24-hour format (for example,
               20:30 is 8:30 p.m.). Surround the entire expression with double quotes ("")
               because it contains a space.  An example is "01/13/1999 22:30".

       -file <dump file>
           Specifies the pathname of the file to which to write the dump. The file can be in AFS,
           but not in the volume being dumped. A partial pathname is interpreted relative to the
           current working directory. If this argument is omitted, the dump is directed to the
           standard output stream.

       -server <server name>
           Specifies the file server machine on which the volume resides.  Provide the -partition
           argument along with this one.

       -partition <partition name>
           Specifies the partition on which the volume resides. Provide the -server argument
           along with this one.

       -clone
           Normally, vos dump locks the volume and dumps it, which blocks writes to the volume
           while the dump is in progress.  If this flag is given, vos dump will instead clone the
           volume first (similar to what vos move would do) and then dumps the clone.  This can
           significantly decrease the amount of time the volume is kept locked for dumps of large
           volumes.

       -omitdirs
           By default, vos dump includes all directory objects in an incremental dump whether
           they've been changed or not.  If this option is given, unchanged directories will be
           omitted.  This will reduce the size of the dump and not cause problems if the
           incremental is restored, as expected, on top of a volume containing the correct
           directory structure (such as one created by restoring previous full and incremental
           dumps).

       -cell <cell name>
           Names the cell in which to run the command. Do not combine this argument with the
           -localauth flag. For more details, see vos(1).

       -noauth
           Assigns the unprivileged identity "anonymous" to the issuer. Do not combine this flag
           with the -localauth flag. For more details, see vos(1).

       -localauth
           Constructs a server ticket using a key from the local /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile
           file. The vos command interpreter presents it to the Volume Server and Volume Location
           Server during mutual authentication. Do not combine this flag with the -cell argument
           or -noauth flag. For more details, see vos(1).

       -verbose
           Produces on the standard output stream a detailed trace of the command's execution. If
           this argument is omitted, only warnings and error messages appear.

       -encrypt
           Encrypts the command so that the operation's results are not transmitted across the
           network in clear text. This option is available in OpenAFS versions 1.4.11 or later
           and 1.5.60 or later.

       -noresolve
           Shows all servers as IP addresses instead of the DNS name. This is very useful when
           the server address is registered as 127.0.0.1 or when dealing with multi-homed
           servers. This option is available in OpenAFS versions 1.4.8 or later and 1.5.35 or
           later.

       -config <configuration directory>
           Set the location of the configuration directory to be used. This defaults to
           /etc/openafs, except if -localauth is specified, in which case the default is
           /etc/openafs/server. This option allows the use of alternative configuration locations
           for testing purposes.

       -help
           Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.

EXAMPLES

       The following command writes a full dump of the volume "user.terry" to the file
       /afs/example.com/common/dumps/terry.dump.

          % vos dump -id user.terry -time 0 -file /afs/example.com/common/dumps/terry.dump

       The following command writes an incremental dump of the volume "user.smith" to the file
       "smith.990131.dump" in the current working directory. Only those files in the volume with
       modification time stamps later than 6:00 p.m. on 31 January 1999 are included in the dump.

          % vos dump -id user.smith -time "01/31/1999 18:00" -file smith.990131.dump

PRIVILEGE REQUIRED

       The issuer must be listed in the /etc/openafs/server/UserList file on the machine
       specified with the -server argument and on each database server machine. If the -localauth
       flag is included, the issuer must instead be logged on to a server machine as the local
       superuser "root".

       If the -file argument is included, the issuer must also have permission to insert and
       write in the directory that houses the file.

SEE ALSO

       restorevol(1), vos(1), vos_examine(1), vos_listvldb(1), vos_restore(1)

COPYRIGHT

       IBM Corporation 2000. <http://www.ibm.com/> All Rights Reserved.

       This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0.  It was converted
       from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by
       Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.