Provided by: tigervnc-viewer_1.9.0+dfsg-3_amd64 bug


       xtigervncviewer - VNC viewer for X


       xtigervncviewer [options] [host][:display#]
       xtigervncviewer [options] [host][::port]
       xtigervncviewer [options] -listen [port]
       xtigervncviewer [options] [.tigervncfile]


       xtigervncviewer  is  a  viewer  (client)  for Virtual Network Computing.  This manual page
       documents version 4 for the X window system.

       If you run the viewer with no arguments it will prompt you for a VNC server to connect to.
       Alternatively, specify the VNC server as an argument, e.g.:

              xtigervncviewer snoopy:2

       where 'snoopy' is the name of the machine, and '2' is the display number of the VNC server
       on that machine.  Either the machine name or  display  number  can  be  omitted.   So  for
       example  ":1"  means  display  number 1 on the same machine, and "snoopy" means "snoopy:0"
       i.e. display 0 on machine "snoopy".

       As another quick way  to  start  a  connection  to  a  VNC  server,  specify  a  .tigervnc
       configuration file as an argument to the viewer, e.g.:

              xtigervncviewer ./some.tigervnc

       where  './some.tigervnc'  is  an existing and valid TigerVNC configuration file.  The file
       name needs to include a path separator.  Additional options may  be  given  too,  but  the
       given configuration file will overwrite any conflicting parameters.

       If  the  VNC  server  is  successfully  contacted,  you will be prompted for a password to
       authenticate you.  If the password is correct, a window will appear showing the desktop of
       the VNC server.


       The  viewer  tests  the speed of the connection to the server and chooses the encoding and
       pixel format (color level) appropriately.  This makes it much easier to use than  previous
       versions where the user had to specify arcane command line arguments.

       The viewer normally starts out assuming the link is slow, using the encoding with the best
       compression.  If it turns out that the link is fast enough  it  switches  to  an  encoding
       which compresses less but is faster to generate, thus improving the interactive feel.

       The  viewer  normally  starts  in  full-color  mode, but switches to low-color mode if the
       bandwidth is insufficient. However, this  only  occurs  when  communicating  with  servers
       supporting  protocol  3.8  or  newer,  since  many old servers does not support color mode
       changes safely.

       Automatic selection can be turned off by setting the AutoSelect  parameter  to  false,  or
       from the options dialog.


       The  viewer  has  a  popup  menu  containing entries which perform various actions.  It is
       usually brought up by pressing F8, but this can be configured with the MenuKey  parameter.
       Actions which the popup menu can perform include:

         * switching in and out of full-screen mode

         * quitting the viewer

         * generating key events, e.g. sending ctrl-alt-del

         * accessing the options dialog and various other dialogs

       By  default,  key  presses  in  the  popup menu get sent to the VNC server and dismiss the
       popup.  So to get an F8 through to the VNC server simply press it twice.


       A full-screen mode is supported.  This is particularly useful when connecting to a  remote
       screen  which  is the same size as your local one. If the remote screen is bigger, you can
       scroll by bumping the mouse against the edge of the screen.


       You can get a list of parameters by giving -h as a command-line option to xtigervncviewer.
       Parameters  can  be  turned  on with -param or off with -param=0.  Parameters which take a
       value can be specified as -param value.  Other valid forms  are  param=value  -param=value
       --param=value.  Parameter names are case-insensitive.

       Many  of  the parameters can also be set graphically via the options dialog box.  This can
       be accessed from the popup menu or from the "Connection details" dialog box.

       -display Xdisplay
              Specifies the X display on which the VNC viewer window should appear.

       -geometry geometry
              Standard X position and sizing specification.

       -listen [port]
              Causes xtigervncviewer to listen on the  given  port  (default  5500)  for  reverse
              connections from a VNC server.  WinVNC supports reverse connections initiated using
              the 'Add New Client' menu option or the '-connect' command-line option.   Xtigervnc
              supports reverse connections with a helper program called tigervncconfig.

       -SecurityTypes sec-types
              Specify  which  security  schemes  to  attempt  to use when authenticating with the
              server.  Valid values are a comma separated list of None, VncAuth, Plain,  TLSNone,
              TLSVnc,  TLSPlain,  X509None,  X509Vnc  and  X509Plain. Default is to attempt every
              supported scheme.

       -passwd, -PasswordFile password-file
              If you are on a filesystem which gives you access to the password file used by  the
              server,  you  can  specify  it  here  to  avoid  typing  it in.  It will usually be

       -X509CA path
              Path to CA certificate to use when authenticating remote servers using any  of  the
              X509  security schemes (X509None, X509Vnc, etc.). Must be in PEM format. Default is
              $HOME/.vnc/x509_ca.pem, if it exists.

       -X509CRL path
              Path to certificate revocation list to use in conjunction with -X509CA.  Must  also
              be in PEM format. Default is $HOME/.vnc/x509_crl.pem, if it exists.

              When  you  make  a  connection  to a VNC server, all other existing connections are
              normally closed.  This option requests that they be  left  open,  allowing  you  to
              share the desktop with someone already using it.

              Specifies that no keyboard or mouse events should be sent to the server.  Useful if
              you want to view a desktop without interfering; often needs  to  be  combined  with

              Accept clipboard changes from the server. Default is on.

              Set the primary selection as well as the clipboard selection.  Default is on.

              Send clipboard changes to the server. Default is on.

              Send  the  primary  selection  to  the  server  as well as the clipboard selection.
              Default is on.

              Maximize viewer window.

              Start in full-screen mode.

              Use all local monitors and not just the current one when switching  to  full-screen

              Pass special keys (like Alt+Tab) directly to the server when in full-screen mode.

       -DesktopSize widthxheight
              Instead  of  keeping  the  existing  remote screen size, the client will attempt to
              switch to the specified since when connecting. If the server does not  support  the
              SetDesktopSize message then the screen will retain the original size.

              Dynamically  resize  the remote desktop size as the size of the local client window
              changes. Note that this may not work with all VNC servers.

              Use automatic selection of encoding and pixel format (default is on).  Normally the
              viewer tests the speed of the connection to the server and chooses the encoding and
              pixel format appropriately.  Turn it off with -AutoSelect=0.

       -FullColor, -FullColour
              Tells the VNC server to send full-color pixels in the best format for this display.
              This is default.

       -LowColorLevel, -LowColourLevel level
              Selects the reduced color level to use on slow links.  level can range from 0 to 2,
              0 meaning 8 colors, 1 meaning 64 colors (the default), 2 meaning 256  colors.  Note
              that  decision  if  reduced  color level is used is made by xtigervncviewer. If you
              would like to force xtigervncviewer to use reduced color  level  use  -AutoSelect=0

       -PreferredEncoding encoding
              This  option  specifies  the preferred encoding to use from one of "Tight", "ZRLE",
              "hextile" or "raw".

              Disable lossy JPEG compression in Tight encoding. Default is off.

       -QualityLevel level
              JPEG quality level. 0 = Low, 9 = High. May be adjusted automatically if -AutoSelect
              is turned on. Default is 8.

       -CompressLevel level
              Use specified lossless compression level. 0 = Low, 6 = High. Default is 2.

              Use custom compression level. Default if CompressLevel is specified.

              Show the dot cursor when the server sends an invisible cursor. Default is off.

       -PointerEventInterval time
              Time  in milliseconds to rate-limit successive pointer events. Default is 17 ms (60

       -Log logname:dest:level
              Configures the debug log settings.  dest can currently be  stderr  or  stdout,  and
              level  is between 0 and 100, 100 meaning most verbose output.  logname is usually *
              meaning all, but you can target a specific source file if you know the name of  its
              "LogWriter".  Default is *:stderr:30.

       -MenuKey keysym-name
              This  option  specifies  the  key  which  brings  up  the popup menu. The currently
              supported list is: F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6,  F7,  F8,  F9,  F10,  F11,  F12,  Pause,
              Scroll_Lock, Escape, Insert, Delete, Home, Page_Up, Page_Down). Default is F8.

       -via gateway
              Automatically create encrypted TCP tunnel to the gateway machine before connection,
              connect to the host through  that  tunnel  (TigerVNC-specific).  By  default,  this
              option  invokes  SSH  local port forwarding, assuming that SSH client binary can be
              accessed as /usr/bin/ssh. Note that when using the -via option,  the  host  machine
              name should be specified as known to the gateway machine, e.g.  "localhost" denotes
              the gateway, not the machine where xtigervncviewer was  launched.  The  environment
              variable    VNC_VIA_CMD    can    override    the   default   tunnel   command   of
              /usr/bin/ssh -f -L "$L":"$H":"$R" "$G" sleep 20.  The tunnel  command  is  executed
              with  the  environment  variables L, H, R, and G taken the values of the local port
              number, the remote host, the port number  on  the  remote  host,  and  the  gateway
              machine respectively.

              Display a dialog with any fatal error before exiting. Default is on.


              Default  configuration  options.  This  file  must  have  a  "magic"  first line of
              "TigerVNC Configuration file Version 1.0"  (without  quotes),  followed  by  simple
              <setting>=<value> pairs of your choosing. The available settings are those shown in
              this man page.

              Default CA certificate for authenticating servers.

              Default certificate revocation list.


       Xtigervnc(1), tigervncpasswd(1), tigervncconfig(1), tigervncserver(1)


       Tristan Richardson, RealVNC Ltd. and others.

       VNC was originally developed by the RealVNC team while at Olivetti  Research  Ltd  /  AT&T
       Laboratories Cambridge.  TightVNC additions were implemented by Constantin Kaplinsky. Many
       other people have since participated in development, testing and support. This  manual  is
       part of the TigerVNC software suite.