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NAME

       vmsplice - splice user pages into a pipe

SYNOPSIS

       #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <fcntl.h>
       #include <sys/uio.h>

       ssize_t vmsplice(int fd, const struct iovec *iov,
                        unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned int flags);

DESCRIPTION

       The  vmsplice()  system  call  maps  nr_segs ranges of user memory described by iov into a
       pipe.  The file descriptor fd must refer to a pipe.

       The pointer iov points to an array of iovec structures as defined in <sys/uio.h>:

           struct iovec {
               void  *iov_base;        /* Starting address */
               size_t iov_len;         /* Number of bytes */
           };

       The flags argument is a bit mask that is composed by ORing together zero or  more  of  the
       following values:

       SPLICE_F_MOVE
              Unused for vmsplice(); see splice(2).

       SPLICE_F_NONBLOCK
              Do not block on I/O; see splice(2) for further details.

       SPLICE_F_MORE
              Currently  has  no effect for vmsplice(), but may be implemented in the future; see
              splice(2).

       SPLICE_F_GIFT
              The user pages are a gift to the kernel.   The  application  may  not  modify  this
              memory  ever,  otherwise the page cache and on-disk data may differ.  Gifting pages
              to the kernel means that a subsequent splice(2) SPLICE_F_MOVE can successfully move
              the pages; if this flag is not specified, then a subsequent splice(2) SPLICE_F_MOVE
              must copy the pages.  Data must also be properly page aligned, both in  memory  and
              length.

RETURN VALUE

       Upon  successful  completion,  vmsplice()  returns  the number of bytes transferred to the
       pipe.  On error, vmsplice() returns -1 and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS

       EAGAIN SPLICE_F_NONBLOCK was specified in flags, and the operation would block.

       EBADF  fd either not valid, or doesn't refer to a pipe.

       EINVAL nr_segs is greater than IOV_MAX; or memory not aligned if SPLICE_F_GIFT set.

       ENOMEM Out of memory.

VERSIONS

       The vmsplice() system call first appeared in Linux 2.6.17; library support  was  added  to
       glibc in version 2.5.

CONFORMING TO

       This system call is Linux-specific.

NOTES

       vmsplice()  follows  the  other  vectorized  read/write  type  functions  when it comes to
       limitations on the number of segments being passed in.  This limit is IOV_MAX  as  defined
       in <limits.h>.  Currently, this limit is 1024.

SEE ALSO

       splice(2), tee(2), pipe(7)

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of the
       project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of  this  page,  can  be
       found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.