Provided by: libcatalyst-manual-perl_5.9009-2_all bug


       Catalyst::Manual::CatalystAndMoose - How Catalyst 5.8+ and Moose relate


       Since version 5.8, the core of Catalyst is based on Moose. Although the developers went
       through great lengths to allow for a seamless transition, there are still a few things to
       keep in mind when trying to exploit the power of Moose in your Catalyst application.

       This document provides you with a short overview of common caveats and best practices for
       using Moose-based classes within Catalyst.


       A Moose-ified version of the context class should look like this:

           package MyApp;
           use Moose;
           use namespace::autoclean;
           use Catalyst (
               # your roles and plugins
           extends 'Catalyst';

           # If you want to use method modifiers to adjust the setup process, (e.g. setup_finalize)
           # they must be here, before the call to setup (advanced users only)

           $app->config( name => 'MyApp' );

           # method modifiers generally must be created after setup because otherwise they will
           # conflict with plugin overrides

           after 'finalize' => sub {
               my $c = shift;
               $c->log->info( 'done!' );

       You should also be aware that roles in "$c->setup" are applied after the last plugin with
       all the benefits of using a single with() statement in an ordinary Moose class.

       Your class is automatically made immutable at the end of the current file.

       CAVEAT: Using roles in "$c->setup" was implemented in Catalyst version 5.80004. In prior
       versions you might get away with

           after 'setup_plugins' => sub{ with(
               # your roles

               # your plugins

       but this is discouraged and you should upgrade to 5.80004 anyway, because it fixes a few
       important regressions against 5.71

       CAVEAT: Using roles in "$c->setup" will not currently allow you to pass parameters to
       roles, or perform conflict resolution.  Conflict detection still works as expected.

       Most of the request-specific attributes like "$c->stash", "$c->request" and "$c->response"
       have been converted to Moose attributes but without type constraints, attribute helpers or
       builder methods. This ensures that Catalyst 5.8 is fully backwards compatible to
       applications using the published API of Catalyst 5.7 but slightly limits the gains that
       could be had by wielding the full power of Moose attributes.

       Most of the accessors to information gathered during compile time (such as configuration)
       are managed by "Catalyst::ClassData", which is a Moose-aware version of
       Class::Data::Inheritable but not compatible with MooseX::ClassAttribute.

       Since the release of Catalyst version 5.8, the only reason for creating a Catalyst
       extension as a plugin is to provide backward compatibility to applications still using
       version 5.7.

       If backward compatibility is of no concern to you, you could as easily rewrite your
       plugins as roles and enjoy all the benefits of automatic method re-dispatching of "before"
       and "after" method modifiers, naming conflict detection and generally cleaner code.


       Plugins and roles should never use

           after 'setup' => sub { ... } # wrong

       (or any other method of hooking the setup method) but rely on

           after 'setup_finalize' => sub { ... } # this will work

       to run their own setup code if needed. If they need to influence the setup process itself,
       they can modify "setup_dispatcher()", "setup_engine()", "setup_stats()",
       "setup_components()" and "setup_actions()", but this should be done with due consideration
       and as late as possible.


       To activate Catalyst's action attributes, Moose-ified controller classes need to extend
       Catalyst::Controller at compile time, before the actions themselves are declared:

             package Catalyst::Controller::Root;
             use Moose;
             use namespace::autoclean;

             BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller'; }

   Controller Roles
       It is possible to use roles to apply method modifiers on controller actions from 5.80003
       onwards, or use modifiers in your controller classes themselves. For example

           package MyApp::Controller::Foo;
           use Moose;
           use namespace::autoclean;
           BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller' };

           sub foo : Local {
               my ($self, $c) = @_;
               $c->res->body('Hello ');
           after foo => sub {
               my ($self, $c) = @_;
               $c->res->body($c->res->body . 'World');

       It is possible to have action methods with attributes inside Moose roles, using
       MooseX::MethodAttributes, example:

           package MyApp::ControllerRole;
           use MooseX::MethodAttributes::Role;
           use namespace::autoclean;

           sub foo : Local {
               my ($self, $c) = @_;

           package MyApp::Controller::Foo;
           use Moose;
           use namespace::autoclean;
           BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller' };

           with 'MyApp::ControllerRole';


       Catalyst Contributors, see


       This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.