Provided by: libclass-meta-perl_0.66-2_all bug


       Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder::SemiAffordance - Semi-Affordance style accessor generation


         package MyApp::TypeDef;

         use strict;
         use Class::Meta::Type;
         use IO::Socket;

         my $type = Class::Meta::Type->add(
             key     => 'io_socket',
             builder => 'semi-affordance',
             desc    => 'IO::Socket object',
             name    => 'IO::Socket Object'


       This module provides a semi-affordance style accessor builder for Class::Meta.  Affordance
       accessors are attribute accessor methods that separate the getting and setting of an
       attribute value into distinct methods. The approach both eliminates the overhead of
       checking to see whether an accessor is called as a getter or a setter, which is common for
       Perl style accessors, while also creating a psychological barrier to accidentally misusing
       an attribute.

       Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder::SemiAffordance create two different types of accessors:
       getters and setters. What makes the accessors generated by this class "semi-affordance"
       rather than "affordance" accessors is that the getter is simply named for the attribute,
       while the setter is prepended by "set_".  This approach differs from that of affordance
       accessors, where the getter is prepended by "get_".

       The type of accessors created depends on the value of the "authz" attribute of the
       Class::Meta::Attribute for which the accessor is being created.

       For example, if the "authz" is Class::Meta::RDWR, then two accessor methods will be

         my $value = $obj->io_socket;

       If the value of "authz" is Class::Meta::READ, then only the get method will be created:

         my $value = $obj->io_socket;

       And finally, if the value of "authz" is Class::Meta::WRITE, then only the set method will
       be created (why anyone would want this is beyond me, but I provide for the sake of

         my $value = $obj->io_socket;

   Data Type Validation
       Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder::SemiAffordance uses all of the validation checks passed to
       it to validate new values before assigning them to an attribute. It also checks to see if
       the attribute is required, and if so, adds a check to ensure that its value is never
       undefined. It does not currently check to ensure that private and protected methods are
       used only in their appropriate contexts, but may do so in a future release.

   Class Attributes
       If the "context" attribute of the attribute object for which accessors are to be built is
       "Class::Meta::CLASS", Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder will build accessors for a class
       attribute instead of an object attribute. Of course, this means that if you change the
       value of the class attribute in any context--whether via a an object, the class name, or
       an an inherited class name or object, the value will be changed everywhere.

       For example, for a class attribute "count", you can expect the following to work:

         my $count = MyApp::Custom->count; # Returns 10.
         my $obj = MyApp::Custom->new;
         $count = $obj->count;             # Returns 10.

         $count = $obj->count;             # Returns 22.
         my $count = MyApp::Custom->count; # Returns 22.

         $count = $obj->count;             # Returns 35.
         my $count = MyApp::Custom->count; # Returns 35.

       Currently, class attribute accessors are not designed to be inheritable in the way
       designed by Class::Data::Inheritable, although this might be changed in a future release.
       For now, I expect that the current simple approach will cover the vast majority of

       Note: Class attribute accessors will not work accurately in multiprocess environments such
       as mod_perl. If you change a class attribute's value in one process, it will not be
       changed in any of the others. Furthermore, class attributes are not currently shared
       across threads. So if you're using Class::Meta class attributes in a multi-threaded
       environment (such as iThreads in Perl 5.8.0 and later) the changes to a class attribute in
       one thread will not be reflected in other threads.

Private and Protected Attributes

       Any attributes that have their "view" attribute set to Class::Meta::Private or
       Class::Meta::Protected get additional validation installed to ensure that they're truly
       private and protected. This includes when they are set via parameters to constructors
       generated by Class::Meta. The validation is performed by checking the caller of the
       accessors, and throwing an exception when the caller isn't the class that owns the
       attribute (for private attributes) or when it doesn't inherit from the class that owns the
       attribute (for protected attributes).

       As an implementation note, this validation is performed for parameters passed to
       constructors created by Class::Meta by ignoring looking for the first caller that isn't

         my $caller = caller;
         # Circumvent generated constructors.
         for (my $i = 1; $caller eq 'Class::Meta::Constructor'; $i++) {
             $caller = caller($i);

       This works because Class::Meta::Constructor installs the closures that become
       constructors, and thus, when those closures call accessors to set new values for
       attributes, the caller is Class::Meta::Constructor. By going up the stack until we find
       another package, we correctly check to see what context is setting attribute values via a
       constructor, rather than the constructor method itself being the context.

       This is a bit of a hack, but since Perl uses call stacks for checking security in this
       way, it's the best I could come up with. Other suggestions welcome. Or see
       Class::Meta::Type to create your own accessor generation code


       The following functions must be implemented by any Class::Meta accessor generation module.


         my $code = Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder::SemiAffordance::build_attr_get();

       This function is called by "Class::Meta::Type::make_attr_get()" and returns a code
       reference that can be used by the "get()" method of Class::Meta::Attribute to return the
       value stored for that attribute for the object passed to the code reference.


         my $code = Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder::SemiAffordance::build_attr_set();

       This function is called by "Class::Meta::Type::make_attr_set()" and returns a code
       reference that can be used by the "set()" method of Class::Meta::Attribute to set the
       value stored for that attribute for the object passed to the code reference.


           $pkg, $attribute, $create, @checks

       This method is called by the "build()" method of Class::Meta::Type, and does the work of
       actually generating the accessors for an attribute object. The arguments passed to it are:

           The name of the class to which the accessors will be added.

           The Class::Meta::Attribute object that specifies the attribute for which the accessors
           will be created.

           The value of the "create" attribute of the Class::Meta::Attribute object, which
           determines what accessors, if any, are to be created.

           A list of code references that validate the value of an attribute. These will be used
           in the set accessor (mutator) to validate new attribute values.


       This module is stored in an open GitHub repository <>.
       Feel free to fork and contribute!

       Please file bug reports via GitHub Issues <> or
       by sending mail to <>.


       David E. Wheeler <>


           This class contains most of the documentation you need to get started with

           This module generates Perl style accessors.

           This class manages the creation of data types.

           This class manages Class::Meta class attributes, most of which will have generated


       Copyright (c) 2002-2011, David E. Wheeler. Some Rights Reserved.

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.20.2                                2015Class::Meta::AccessorBuilder::SemiAffordance(3pm)