Provided by: libcpanel-json-xs-perl_4.09-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       Cpanel::JSON::XS::Type - Type support for JSON encode

SYNOPSIS

        use Cpanel::JSON::XS;
        use Cpanel::JSON::XS::Type;

        encode_json([10, "10", 10.25], [JSON_TYPE_INT, JSON_TYPE_INT, JSON_TYPE_STRING]);
        # '[10,10,"10.25"]'

        encode_json([10, "10", 10.25], json_type_arrayof(JSON_TYPE_INT));
        # '[10,10,10]'

        encode_json(1, JSON_TYPE_BOOL);
        # 'true'

        my $perl_struct = { key1 => 1, key2 => "2", key3 => 1 };
        my $type_spec = { key1 => JSON_TYPE_STRING, key2 => JSON_TYPE_INT, key3 => JSON_TYPE_BOOL };
        my $json_string = encode_json($perl_struct, $type_spec);
        # '{"key1":"1","key2":2,"key3":true}'

        my $perl_struct = { key1 => "value1", key2 => "value2", key3 => 0, key4 => 1, key5 => "string", key6 => "string2" };
        my $type_spec = json_type_hashof(JSON_TYPE_STRING);
        my $json_string = encode_json($perl_struct, $type_spec);
        # '{"key1":"value1","key2":"value2","key3":"0","key4":"1","key5":"string","key6":"string2"}'

        my $perl_struct = { key1 => { key2 => [ 10, "10", 10.6 ] }, key3 => "10.5" };
        my $type_spec = { key1 => json_type_anyof(JSON_TYPE_FLOAT, json_type_hashof(json_type_arrayof(JSON_TYPE_INT))), key3 => JSON_TYPE_FLOAT };
        my $json_string = encode_json($perl_struct, $type_spec);
        # '{"key1":{"key2":[10,10,10]},"key3":10.5}'

        my $value = decode_json('false', 1, my $type);
        # $value is 0 and $type is JSON_TYPE_BOOL

        my $value = decode_json('0', 1, my $type);
        # $value is 0 and $type is JSON_TYPE_INT

        my $value = decode_json('"0"', 1, my $type);
        # $value is 0 and $type is JSON_TYPE_STRING

        my $json_string = '{"key1":{"key2":[10,"10",10.6]},"key3":"10.5"}';
        my $perl_struct = decode_json($json_string, 0, my $type_spec);
        # $perl_struct is { key1 => { key2 => [ 10, 10, 10.6 ] }, key3 => 10.5 }
        # $type_spec is { key1 => { key2 => [ JSON_TYPE_INT, JSON_TYPE_STRING, JSON_TYPE_FLOAT ] }, key3 => JSON_TYPE_STRING }

DESCRIPTION

       This module provides stable JSON type support for the Cpanel::JSON::XS encoder which
       doesn't depend on any internal perl scalar flags or characteristics. Also it provides real
       JSON types for Cpanel::JSON::XS decoder.

       In most cases perl structures passed to encode_json come from other functions or from
       other modules and caller of Cpanel::JSON::XS module does not have control of internals or
       they are subject of change. So it is not easy to support enforcing types as described in
       the simple scalars section.

       For services based on JSON contents it is sometimes needed to correctly process and
       enforce JSON types.

       The function decode_json takes optional third scalar parameter and fills it with
       specification of json types.

       The function encode_json takes a perl structure as its input and optionally also a json
       type specification in the second parameter.

       If the specification is not provided (or is undef) internal perl scalar flags are used for
       the resulting JSON type. The internal flags can be changed by perl itself, but also by
       external modules. Which means that types in resulting JSON string aren't stable. Specially
       it does not work reliable for dual vars and scalars which were used in both numeric and
       string operations. See simple scalars.

   JSON type specification for scalars:
       JSON_TYPE_BOOL
           It enforces JSON boolean in resulting JSON, i.e. either "true" or "false". For
           determining whether the scalar passed to the encoder is true, standard perl boolean
           logic is used.

       JSON_TYPE_INT
           It enforces JSON number without fraction part in the resulting JSON.  Equivalent of
           perl function int is used for conversion.

       JSON_TYPE_FLOAT
           It enforces JSON number with fraction part in the resulting JSON.  Equivalent of perl
           operation +0 is used for conversion.

       JSON_TYPE_STRING
           It enforces JSON string type in the resulting JSON.

       JSON_TYPE_NULL
           It represents JSON "null" value. Makes sense only when passing perl's "undef" value.

       For each type, there also exists a type with the suffix "_OR_NULL" which encodes perl's
       "undef" into JSON "null". Without type with suffix "_OR_NULL" perl's "undef" is converted
       to specific type according to above rules.

   JSON type specification for arrays:
       [...]
           The array must contain the same number of elements as in the perl array passed for
           encoding. Each element of the array describes the JSON type which is enforced for the
           corresponding element of the perl array.

       json_type_arrayof
           This function takes a JSON type specification as its argument which is enforced for
           every element of the passed perl array.

   JSON type specification for hashes:
       {...}
           Each hash value for corresponding key describes the JSON type specification for values
           of passed perl hash structure. Keys in hash which are not present in passed perl hash
           structure are simple ignored and not used.

       json_type_hashof
           This function takes a JSON type specification as its argument which is enforced for
           every value of passed perl hash structure.

   JSON type specification for alternatives:
       json_type_anyof
           This function takes a list of JSON type alternative specifications (maximally one
           scalar, one array, and one hash) as its input and the JSON encoder chooses one that
           matches.

       json_type_null_or_anyof
           Like "json_type_anyof", but scalar can be only perl's "undef".

       json_type_weaken
           This function can be used as an argument for "json_type_arrayof", "json_type_hashof"
           or "json_type_anyof" functions to create weak references suitable for complicated
           recursive structures. It depends on the weaken function from Scalar::Util module.  See
           following example:

             my $struct = {
                 type => JSON_TYPE_STRING,
                 array => json_type_arrayof(JSON_TYPE_INT),
             };
             $struct->{recursive} = json_type_anyof(
                 json_type_weaken($struct),
                 json_type_arrayof(JSON_TYPE_STRING),
             );

AUTHOR

       Pali <pali@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

       Copyright (c) 2017, GoodData Corporation. All rights reserved.

       This module is available under the same licences as perl, the Artistic license and the
       GPL.