Provided by: libcrypt-eksblowfish-perl_0.009-2build4_amd64 bug

NAME

       Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed - Blowfish/Eksblowfish with access to subkeys

SYNOPSIS

               use Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed;

               $block_size = Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed->blocksize;

               $cipher = Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed
                               ->new_from_subkeys(\@p_array, \@s_boxes);
               $cipher = Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed->new_initial;

               $block_size = $cipher->blocksize;
               $ciphertext = $cipher->encrypt($plaintext);
               $plaintext = $cipher->decrypt($ciphertext);

               $p_array = $cipher->p_array;
               $s_boxes = $cipher->s_boxes;
               if($cipher->is_weak) { ...

DESCRIPTION

       An object of this class encapsulates a keyed instance of the Blowfish or Eksblowfish block
       cipher, ready to encrypt and decrypt.  Normally this class will not be used directly, but
       through subclasses such as Crypt::Eksblowfish.

       Eksblowfish is a variant of the Blowfish cipher with a modified key setup algorithm.  This
       class doesn't implement either form of key setup, but only provides the actual encryption
       and decryption parts of the ciphers.  This part is shared between Blowfish and
       Eksblowfish, and also any other cipher that uses the core of Blowfish but supplies its own
       key setup.  This class has "Eksblowfish" in its name rather than "Blowfish" merely due to
       the historical accident that it is derived from the encryption engine that was used to
       implement Eksblowfish.

       The key setup phase of a block cipher, also known as the "key schedule", produces a set of
       "subkeys", which are somewhat like ordinary cryptographic keys (which are the input to the
       key setup algorithm) but are much larger.  In some block ciphers the subkeys also have
       special interrelationships.  In Blowfish the subkeys consist of a "P-array" of 18 32-bit
       entries (one per encryption round plus two more) and four "S-boxes" ("S" is for
       "substitution") each of which consists of 256 32-bit entries.  There is no special
       relationship between the values of the subkeys.

       Methods in this class allow a cipher object to be constructed from a full set of subkeys,
       and for the subkeys to be extracted from a cipher object.  Normal users don't need to do
       either of these things.  It's mainly useful when devising a new key schedule to stick onto
       the Blowfish core, or when performing cryptanalysis of the cipher algorithm.

       Generating subkeys directly by a strong random process, rather than by expansion of a
       smaller random key, is an expensive and slightly bizarre way to get greater cryptographic
       strength from a cipher algorithm.  It eliminates attacks on the key schedule, and yields
       the full strength of the core algorithm.  However, this is always a lot less strength than
       the amount of subkey material, whereas a normal key schedule is designed to yield strength
       equal to the length of the (much shorter) key.  Also, any non-randomness in the source of
       the subkey material is likely to lead to a cryptographic weakness, whereas a key schedule
       conceals any non-randomness in the choice of the key.

CLASS METHODS

       Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed->blocksize
           Returns 8, indicating the Eksblowfish block size of 8 octets.  This method may be
           called on either the class or an instance.

CONSTRUCTOR

       Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed->new_from_subkeys(ROUND_KEYS, SBOXES)
           Creates a new Blowfish cipher object encapsulating the supplied subkeys.  ROUND_KEYS
           must be a reference to an array of 18 32-bit integers.  SBOXES must be a reference to
           an array of four references to 256-element arrays of 32-bit integers.  These subkeys
           are used in the standard order for Blowfish.

       Crypt::Eksblowfish::Subkeyed->new_initial
           The standard Blowfish key schedule is an iterative process, which uses the cipher
           algorithm to progressively replace subkeys, thus mutating the cipher for subsequent
           iterations of keying.  The Eksblowfish key schedule works similarly, but with a lot
           more iterations.  In both cases, the key setup algorithm begins with a standard set of
           subkeys, consisting of the initial bits of the fractional part of pi.  This
           constructor creates and returns a Blowfish block cipher object with that standard
           initial set of subkeys.  This is probably useful only to designers of novel key
           schedules.

METHODS

       $cipher->blocksize
           Returns 8, indicating the Eksblowfish block size of 8 octets.  This method may be
           called on either the class or an instance.

       $cipher->encrypt(PLAINTEXT)
           PLAINTEXT must be exactly eight octets.  The block is encrypted, and the ciphertext is
           returned.

       $cipher->decrypt(CIPHERTEXT)
           CIPHERTEXT must be exactly eight octets.  The block is decrypted, and the plaintext is
           returned.

       $cipher->p_array
           Returns a reference to an 18-element array containing the 32-bit round keys used in
           this cipher object.

       $cipher->s_boxes
           Returns a reference to a 4-element array containing the S-boxes used in this cipher
           object.  Each S-box is a 256-element array of 32-bit entries.

       $cipher->is_weak
           Returns a truth value indicating whether this is a weak key.  A key is considered weak
           if any S-box contains a pair of identical entries (in any positions).  When Blowfish
           is used with such an S-box, certain cryptographic attacks are possible that are not
           possible against most keys.  The current (as of 2007) cryptanalytic results on
           Blowfish do not include an actual break of the algorithm when weak keys are used, but
           if a break is ever developed then it is likely to be achieved for weak keys before it
           is achieved for the general case.

           About one key in every 2^15 is weak (if the keys are randomly selected).  Because of
           the complicated key schedule in standard Blowfish it is not possible to predict which
           keys will be weak without first performing the full key setup, which is why this is a
           method on the keyed cipher object.  In some uses of Blowfish it may be desired to
           avoid weak keys; if so, check using this method and generate a new random key when a
           weak key is detected.  Bruce Schneier, the designer of Blowfish, says it is probably
           not worth avoiding weak keys.

SEE ALSO

       Crypt::Eksblowfish, Crypt::Eksblowfish::Blowfish,
       <http://www.schneier.com/paper-blowfish-fse.html>

AUTHOR

       Eksblowfish guts originally by Solar Designer (solar at openwall.com).

       Modifications and Perl interface by Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

       The original Eksblowfish code (in the form of crypt()) from which this module is derived
       is in the public domain.  It may be found at <http://www.openwall.com/crypt/>.

LICENSE

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.