Provided by: libdbix-class-perl_0.082841-1_all
DBIx::Class::SQLMaker::LimitDialects - SQL::Abstract::Limit-like functionality for DBIx::Class::SQLMaker
This module replicates a lot of the functionality originally found in SQL::Abstract::Limit. While simple limits would work as-is, the more complex dialects that require e.g. subqueries could not be reliably implemented without taking full advantage of the metadata locked within DBIx::Class::ResultSource classes. After reimplementation of close to 80% of the SQL::Abstract::Limit functionality it was deemed more practical to simply make an independent DBIx::Class-specific limit-dialect provider.
SQL LIMIT DIALECTS
Note that the actual implementations listed below never use "*" literally. Instead proper re-aliasing of selectors and order criteria is done, so that the limit dialect are safe to use on joined resultsets with clashing column names. Currently the provided dialects are: LimitOffset SELECT ... LIMIT $limit OFFSET $offset Supported by PostgreSQL and SQLite LimitXY SELECT ... LIMIT $offset, $limit Supported by MySQL and any SQL::Statement based DBD RowNumberOver SELECT * FROM ( SELECT *, ROW_NUMBER() OVER( ORDER BY ... ) AS RNO__ROW__INDEX FROM ( SELECT ... ) ) WHERE RNO__ROW__INDEX BETWEEN ($offset+1) AND ($limit+$offset) ANSI standard Limit/Offset implementation. Supported by DB2 and MSSQL >= 2005. SkipFirst SELECT SKIP $offset FIRST $limit * FROM ... Supported by Informix, almost like LimitOffset. According to SQL::Abstract::Limit "... SKIP $offset LIMIT $limit ..." is also supported. FirstSkip SELECT FIRST $limit SKIP $offset * FROM ... Supported by Firebird/Interbase, reverse of SkipFirst. According to SQL::Abstract::Limit "... ROWS $limit TO $offset ..." is also supported. RowNum Depending on the resultset attributes one of: SELECT * FROM ( SELECT *, ROWNUM AS rownum__index FROM ( SELECT ... ) WHERE ROWNUM <= ($limit+$offset) ) WHERE rownum__index >= ($offset+1) or SELECT * FROM ( SELECT *, ROWNUM AS rownum__index FROM ( SELECT ... ) ) WHERE rownum__index BETWEEN ($offset+1) AND ($limit+$offset) or SELECT * FROM ( SELECT ... ) WHERE ROWNUM <= ($limit+1) Supported by Oracle. Top SELECT * FROM SELECT TOP $limit FROM ( SELECT TOP $limit FROM ( SELECT TOP ($limit+$offset) ... ) ORDER BY $reversed_original_order ) ORDER BY $original_order Unreliable Top-based implementation, supported by MSSQL < 2005. CAVEAT Due to its implementation, this limit dialect returns incorrect results when $limit+$offset > total amount of rows in the resultset. FetchFirst SELECT * FROM ( SELECT * FROM ( SELECT * FROM ( SELECT * FROM ... ) ORDER BY $reversed_original_order FETCH FIRST $limit ROWS ONLY ) ORDER BY $original_order FETCH FIRST $limit ROWS ONLY ) Unreliable FetchFirst-based implementation, supported by IBM DB2 <= V5R3. CAVEAT Due to its implementation, this limit dialect returns incorrect results when $limit+$offset > total amount of rows in the resultset. GenericSubQ SELECT * FROM ( SELECT ... ) WHERE ( SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $original_table cnt WHERE cnt.id < $original_table.id ) BETWEEN $offset AND ($offset+$rows-1) This is the most evil limit "dialect" (more of a hack) for really stupid databases. It works by ordering the set by some unique column, and calculating the amount of rows that have a less-er value (thus emulating a "RowNum"-like index). Of course this implies the set can only be ordered by a single unique column. Also note that this technique can be and often is excruciatingly slow. You may have much better luck using "software_limit" in DBIx::Class::ResultSet instead. Currently used by Sybase ASE, due to lack of any other option.
Check the list of additional DBIC resources.
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
This module is free software copyright by the DBIx::Class (DBIC) authors. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the DBIx::Class library.