Provided by: libdatetime-format-mail-perl_0.4030-1_all bug

NAME

       DateTime::Format::Mail - Convert between DateTime and RFC2822/822 formats

SYNOPSIS

           use DateTime::Format::Mail;

           # From RFC2822 via class method:

           my $datetime = DateTime::Format::Mail->parse_datetime(
               "Sat, 29 Mar 2003 22:11:18 -0800"
           );
           print $datetime->ymd('.'); # "2003.03.29"

           #  or via an object

           my $pf = DateTime::Format::Mail->new();
           print $pf->parse_datetime(
               "Fri, 23 Nov 2001 21:57:24 -0600"
           )->ymd; # "2001-11-23"

           # Back to RFC2822 date

           use DateTime;
           my $dt = DateTime->new(
               year => 1979, month => 7, day => 16,
               hour => 16, minute => 45, second => 20,
               time_zone => "Australia/Sydney"
           );
           my $str = DateTime::Format::Mail->format_datetime( $dt );
           print $str; # "Mon, 16 Jul 1979 16:45:20 +1000"

           # or via an object
           $str = $pf->format_datetime( $dt );
           print $str; # "Mon, 16 Jul 1979 16:45:20 +1000"

DESCRIPTION

       RFCs 2822 and 822 specify date formats to be used by email. This module parses and emits
       such dates.

       RFC2822 (April 2001) introduces a slightly different format of date than that used by
       RFC822 (August 1982). The main correction is that the preferred format is more limited,
       and thus easier to parse programmatically.

       Despite the ease of generating and parsing perfectly valid RFC822 and RFC2822 people still
       get it wrong. So this module provides four things for those handling mail dates:

       1.  A strict parser that will only accept RFC2822 dates, so you can see where you're
           right.

       2.  A strict formatter, so you can generate the right stuff to begin with.

       3.  A loose parser, so you can take the misbegotten output from other programs and turn it
           into something useful.  This includes various minor errors as well as some somewhat
           more bizarre mistakes. The file t/sample_dates in this module's distribution should
           give you an idea of what's valid, while t/invalid.t should do the same for what's not.
           Those regarded as invalid are just a bit too strange to allow.

       4.  Interoperation with the rest of the DateTime suite. These are a collection of modules
           to handle dates in a modern and accurate fashion. In particular, they make it trivial
           to parse, manipulate and then format dates. Shifting timezones is a doddle, and
           converting between formats is a cinch.

       As a future direction, I'm contemplating an even stricter parser that will only accept
       dates with no obsolete elements.

CONSTRUCTORS

   new
       Creates a new "DateTime::Format::Mail" instance. This is generally not required for simple
       operations. If you wish to use a different parsing style from the default, strict, parser
       then you'll need to create an object.

          my $parser = DateTime::Format::Mail->new()
          my $copy = $parser->new();

       If called on an existing object then it clones the object.

       It has two optional named parameters.

       ·   "loose" should be a true value if you want a loose parser, else either don't specify
           it or give it a false value.

       ·   "year_cutoff" should be an integer greater than or equal to zero specifying the cutoff
           year. See "set_year_cutoff" for details.

           my $loose = DateTime::Format::Mail->new( loose => 1 );

           my $post_2049 = DateTime::Format::Mail->new(
               year_cutoff => 60
           );

   clone
       For those who prefer to explicitly clone via a method called "clone()".  If called as a
       class method it will die.

          my $clone = $original->clone();

PARSING METHODS

       These methods work on either our objects or as class methods.

   loose, strict
       These methods set the parsing strictness.

           my $parser = DateTime::Format::Mail->new;
           $parser->loose;
           $parser->strict; # (the default)

           my $p = DateTime::Format::Mail->new->loose;

   parse_datetime
       Given an RFC2822 or 822 datetime string, return a "DateTime" object representing that date
       and time. Unparseable strings will cause the method to die.

       See the synopsis for examples.

   set_year_cutoff
       Two digit years are treated as valid in the loose translation and are translated up to a
       19xx or 20xx figure. By default, following the specification of RFC2822, if the year is
       greater than '49', it's treated as being in the 20th century (19xx).  If lower, or equal,
       then the 21st (20xx). That is, 50 becomes 1950 while 49 is 2049.

       "set_year_cutoff()" allows you to modify this behaviour by specifying a different cutoff.

       The return value is the object itself.

           $parser->set_year_cutoff( 60 );

   year_cutoff
       Returns the current cutoff. Can be used as either a class or object method.

           my $cutoff = $parser->set_year_cutoff;

   default_cutoff
       Returns the default cutoff. A useful method to override for subclasses.

           my $default = $parser->default_cutoff;

   fix_year
       Takes a year and returns it normalized.

          my $fixed = $parser->fix_year( 3 );

FORMATTING METHODS

   format_datetime
       Given a "DateTime" object, return it as an RFC2822 compliant string.

           use DateTime;
           use DateTime::Format::Mail;
           my $dt = DateTime->new(
               year => 1979, month => 7, day => 16, time_zone => 'UTC'
           );
           my $mail = DateTime::Format::Mail->format_datetime( $dt );
           print $mail, "\n";

           # or via an object
           my $formatter = DateTime::Format::Mail->new();
           my $rfcdate = $formatter->format_datetime( $dt );
           print $rfcdate, "\n";

THANKS FROM SPOON

       Dave Rolsky (DROLSKY) for kickstarting the DateTime project.

       Roderick A. Anderson for noting where the documentation was incomplete in places.

       Joshua Hoblitt (JHOBLITT) for inspiring me to check what the standard said about
       interpreting two digit years.

SUPPORT

       Support for this module is provided via the datetime@perl.org email list. See
       <http://datetime.perl.org/mailing_list.html> for more details.

       Alternatively, log them via the CPAN RT system via the web or email:

           http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=DateTime-Format-Mail
           bug-datetime-format-mail@rt.cpan.org

       This makes it much easier for me to track things and thus means your problem is less
       likely to be neglected.

LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT

       Copyright © Iain Truskett, 2003. All rights reserved.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       The full text of the licences can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module,
       or in perlartistic and perlgpl in Perl 5.8.1 or later.

AUTHORS

       Originally written by Iain Truskett <spoon@cpan.org>, who died on December 29, 2003.

       Maintained by Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org> from 2003 to 2013.

       Maintained by Philippe Bruhat (BooK) <book@cpan.org> since 2014.

SEE ALSO

       "datetime@perl.org" mailing list.

       <http://datetime.perl.org/>

       perl, DateTime

       RFCs 2822 and 822.