Provided by: libfile-grep-perl_0.02-1_all bug


       File::Grep - Find matches to a pattern in a series of files and related


         use File::Grep qw( fgrep fmap fdo );

         # Void context
         if ( fgrep { /$user/ } "/etc/passwd" ) { do_something(); }

         # Scalar context
         print "The index page was hit ",
               ( fgrep { /index\.html/ } glob "/var/log/httpd/access.log.*"),
               " times\n";

         # Array context
         my @matches = fgrep { /index\.html } glob "/var/log/httpd/access.log.*";
         print SUMMARY $_ foreach @matches;

         # Mapping
         my @lower = fmap { chomp; lc; } glob "/var/log/httpd/access.log.*";

         # Foreach style..
         my $count;
         fdo { $count++ } @filelist;
         print "Total lines: $count\n";

         # More complex handling
         my @matchcount;
         fdo { my ( $file, $pos, $line ) = @_;
               $matchcount[$file]++ if ( $line =~ /keyword/ );
             } @filelist;


       File::Grep mimics the functionality of the grep function in perl, but applying it to files
       instead of a list.  This is similar in nature to the UNIX grep command, but more powerful
       as the pattern can be any legal perl function.

       The main functions provided by this module are:

       fgrep BLOCK LIST
           Performs a grep operation on the files in LIST, using BLOCK as the critiria for
           accepting a line or not.  Any lines that match will be added to an array that will be
           returned to the caller.  Note that in void context, this function will immediate
           return true on the first match, false otherwise, and in scalar context, it will only
           return the number of matches.

           When entering BLOCK, the $_ variable will be localized to the current line.  In
           addition, you will be given the position in LIST of the current file, the line number
           in that file, and the line itself as arguments to this function.  While you can change
           $_ if necessary, only the original value of the line will be added to the returned
           list.  If you need to get the modified value, use fmap (described below).

           The LIST can contain either scalars or filehandle (or filehandle-like objects).  If
           the item is a scalar, it will be attempted to be opened and read in as normal.
           Otherwise it will be treated as a filehandle.  Any errors resulting from IO may be
           reported to STDERR by setting the class variable, $File::Grep::SILENT to false;
           otherwise, no error indication is given.

       fmap BLOCK LIST
           Performs a map operation on the files in LIST, using BLOCK as the mapping function.
           The results from BLOCK will be appended to the list that is returned at the end of the

       fdo BLOCK LIST
           Performs the equivalent of a foreach operation on the files in LIST, performing BLOCK
           for each line in each file.  This function has no return value.  If you need to
           specialize more than what fgrep or fmap offer, you can use this function.

       In addition, if you need additional fine control, you can use the internal function
       _fgrep_process.  This is called just like fgrep/fmap/fdo, as in "_fgrep_process BLOCK
       LIST" except that you can control when the fucntion 'short circuits' by the return value
       from BLOCK.  If, after processing a line, the BLOCK returns a negative number, the entire
       process is aborted, closing any open filehandles that were opened by the function.  If the
       return value is 0, the current file is aborted, closed if opened by the function and the
       next file is then searched.  A positive return value will simply go on to the next line as


       "fgrep", "fmap", and "fdo" may be exported, but these are not set by default.


       Michael K. Neylon, <>