Provided by: libhtml-formhandler-perl_0.40068-1_all bug


       HTML::FormHandler::Manual::Catalyst - using HFH forms in Catalyst


       version 0.40068


       Manual Index

       This part of the FormHandler Manual describes the use of the HTML::FormHandler package in
       Catalyst controllers.

       See the other FormHandler documentation at HTML::FormHandler::Manual, or the base class at


       Although HTML::FormHandler can be used in any Perl web application, module, or script, one
       of its most common uses is in Catalyst applications.

       Using a form takes only a few lines of code, so it's not necessary to have a Catalyst base
       controller, although you could make a base controller for FormHandler if you're doing more
       than the basics.

   A Controller Example
       The following example uses chained dispatching. The 'form' method is called by both the
       create and edit actions.

          package BookDB::Controller::Borrower;

          use Moose;
          BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller' }

          use BookDB::Form::Borrower;

          sub borrower_base : Chained PathPart('borrower') CaptureArgs(0) { }

          sub list : Chained('borrower_base') PathPart('list') Args(0) {
             my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
             my $borrowers = [ $c->model('DB::Borrower')->all ];
             my @columns = ( 'name', 'email' );
             $c->stash( borrowers => $borrowers, columns => \@columns,
                        template => 'borrower/' );

          sub add : Chained('borrower_base') PathPart('add') Args(0) {
             my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
             # Create the empty borrower row for the form
             $c->stash( borrower => $c->model('DB::Borrower')->new_result({}) );
             return $self->form($c);

          sub item : Chained('borrower_base') PathPart('') CaptureArgs(1) {
             my ( $self, $c, $borrower_id ) = @_;
             $c->stash( borrower => $c->model('DB::Borrower')->find($borrower_id) );

          sub edit : Chained('item') PathPart('edit') Args(0) {
             my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
             return $self->form($c);

          sub form {
             my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

             my $form = BookDB::Form::Borrower->new;
             $c->stash( form => $form, template => 'borrower/' );
             return unless $form->process( item => $c->stash->{borrower},
                params => $c->req->parameters );
             $c->res->redirect( $c->uri_for($self->action_for('list')) );

          sub delete : Chained('item') PathPart('delete') Args(0) {
             my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

             $c->res->redirect( $c->uri_for($c->action_for('list')) );


   Another way to set up your form
       If you are setting the schema or other form attributes (such as the user_id, or other
       attributes) on your form you could create a base controller that would set these in the
       form on each call using Catalyst::Component::InstancePerContext, or set them in a base
       Chained method.

          sub book_base : Chained PathPart('book') CaptureArgs(0) {
             my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
             my $form = MyApp::Form->new;
             $form->schema( $c->model('DB')->schema );
             $form->params( $c->req->parameters );
             $form->user_id( $c->user->id );
             $c->stash( form => $form );

       Then you could just pass in the item_id when the form is processed.

          return unless $c->stash->{form}->process( item_id => $id );

   Putting a form in a Moose attribute
       You can also put your form in a Moose attribute in the controller.

           package MyApp::Controller::Book;
           use Moose;
           BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller'; }
           use MyApp::Form::Book;
           has 'edit_form' => ( isa => 'MyApp::Form::Book', is => 'rw',
              lazy => 1, default => sub { MyApp::Form::Book->new } );

       Then you can process the form in your actions with "$self->edit_form->process( params =>
       $c->req->body_parameters );" or "my $result = $self->edit_form->run( params =>
       $c->req->body_parameters );".

   Using  HTML::FillInForm
       If you want to use HTML::FillInForm to fill in values instead of doing it in directly in a
       template using either the field or the form 'fif' methods, you can use
       Catalyst::View::FillInForm on your view class:

           package MyApp::View::TT;
           use Moose;
           with 'Catalyst::View::FillInForm';

       and set the 'fif' hash in the 'fillinform' stash variable:

           $self->form->process( ... );
           $c->stash( fillinform => $self->form->fif );
           return unless $form->validated;

       When the 'fillinform' stash variable is set, HTML::FillInForm will automatically be used
       by your view to fill in the form values. This can be very helpful when you want to build
       your forms by hand, or when you have legacy forms that you're just trying to hook up to

   The Catalyst context
       FormHandler has a 'ctx' attribute that can be used to set the Catalyst context (or
       anything you want, really). But if you can avoid passing in the context, you should do so,
       because you're mixing up your MVC and it makes it much more difficult to test your forms.
       But if you need to do it, you can:

           my $form = MyApp::Form->new( ctx => $c );

       Usually you should prefer to add new attributes to your form:

           package MyApp::Form;
           use HTML::FormHandler::Moose;
           extends 'HTML::FormHandler';

           has 'user_id' => ( is => 'rw' );
           has 'hostname' => ( is => 'rw' );
           has 'captcha_store' => ( is => 'rw' );

       Then just pass the attributes in on new:

           my $form => MyApp::Form->new( user_id => $c->user->id, hostname => $c->req->host,
               captcha_store => $c->{session}->{captcha} );

       Or set them using accessors:

           $form->user_id( $c->user->id );
           $form->hostname( $c->req->host );
           $form->captcha_store( $c->{session}->{captcha} );

       Then you can access these attributes in your form validation methods:

           sub validate_selection {
              my ( $self, $field ) = @_;
              if( $field->value eq 'something' && $self->hostname eq 'something_else' )
                 $field->add_error("some error message" );


       FormHandler Contributors - see HTML::FormHandler


       This software is copyright (c) 2017 by Gerda Shank.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.