Provided by: libhtml-formhandler-perl_0.40068-1_all bug


       HTML::FormHandler::Manual::Defaults - form defaults documentation


       version 0.40068


       Manual Index

       How to set defaults for your fields.


       Defaults for form fields come from a number of different places. The simplest way to set a
       field's default is on the field definition:

          has_field 'foo' => ( type => 'Text', default => 'my_foo' );
          has_field 'select_many' => ( type => 'Multiple', default => [1, 2, 3] );

       You can also set the default for a field with a method in the form with the name
       'default_<field_name>', where any periods in the field name are replaced with underscores.

          has_field 'foo';
          sub default_foo { 'my_default' }

       Like other field attributes, the 'default' attribute can be modified on new with the
       'field_list' attribute, or on 'process' with the 'update_field_list' parameter (or the
       shorthand form 'defaults').

          my $form => MyApp::Form->new( field_list => { '+foo' => { default => 'my_foo' } } );
          $form->process( update_field_list => { foo => { default => 'my_foo' } } );
          $form->process( defaults => { foo => 'my_foo' }, params => $params );

       For forms where you pass in an 'item' (usually a database row object), the values in that
       object will be used preferentially; if an accessor exists in the 'item' object, then the
       defaults won't be used. (If an accessor doesn't exist, the defaults *will* be used.)

          $form->process( item => $row, params => {} );

       For the above call the 'default' on the field will not be used, which is usually what you

       When creating a new database record with your form, if you don't pass in an empty row,
       then the field defaults will be used, or you can provide defaults in an 'init_object'.

          note: the form class has 'item_class' set already.
          $form->process( schema => $schema, init_object => $obj ... );

       If you provide an empty row object for 'create' type actions, however, you might want some
       defaults filled in. This can be done by filling the values into the row object or by
       turning on the form flag 'use_defaults_over_obj'.

          $form->process( item => $empty_row, use_defaults_over_obj => 1 );

       If you always want new DBIC results to be ignored, you could set the flag in a base form

           sub set_active {
               my $self = shift;
               if ( $self->item and ! $self->item->in_storage ) {

       You could also pass in another object or hashref in the 'init_object' attribute, and set
       the 'use_init_obj_over_item' flag:

          $form->process( item => $empty_row, init_object => $example,
                          use_init_obj_over_item => 1 );

       Note that the 'use_init_obj_over_item' and 'use_defaults_over_obj' flags are automatically
       cleared (if you're using persistent forms).

       For forms where some defaults come from a database row, and some defaults come from some
       other dynamic source (so that putting them into the field definitions doesn't make sense),
       you can use the 'use_init_obj_when_no_accessor_in_item' flag to provide two different sets
       of defaults, one set in the 'item' (usually a db row) and one set in the init_obj. If the
       'item' is undefined, the values in the init_object are used.

           in form: has '+use_init_obj_when_no_accessor_in_item' => ( default => 1 );
           $form->process( item => $item, init_object => { foo => '...' }, .. );

       There is a convenience method for setting 'defaults' on a number of fields at once, the
       form's 'defaults' attribute, which uses the same mechanism as 'update_field_list' but only
       sets defaults. Note that this hashref is structured like the update_field_list with regard
       to field names, while the 'init_object' uses "structured" data:

          my $defaults = {
              model => 'standard',
              'opts.color' => 'Red',
              'opts.size'  => 'Big',
          my $init_object => {
              model => 'standard',
              opts  => { color => 'Red', size => 'Big' }

          $form->process( defaults => $defaults, ... );
          $form->process( init_object => $init_object ... );

       In addition, the 'defaults' actually changes the 'default' stored in the field
       definitions, while the init_object does not.

       There is also an alternative attribute in the fields, 'default_over_obj', but the new
       'use_defaults_over_obj' and 'use_init_obj_over_item' flags, make it less necessary. Note
       that the 'default_over_obj' attribute only provides a default if an item/init_object and
       accessor exists.

   Defaults when processing params
       Normally when a form is posted, the params will contain all the values that are necessary
       to fill in the form. However, when a form is used in an API-like fashion, such as complex
       search forms, sometimes it is convenient to only provide particular params and let the
       others use defaults. However when the results are built from input, fields with no input
       are skipped unless the field has a value for 'input_without_param'.  There is an
       additional form-level flag, 'use_fields_for_input_without_param' which will cause fields
       with no param entry to be built from the fields.  This means that 'defaults' on the field
       will be used to provide a value and an input for the field.

   Query parameters for defaults
       You can use either the 'defaults' hashref or the 'init_object' to provide query parameter
       'defaults'. They should not be provided in the 'params' hash, because then FormHandler
       will assume that the form has been posted and attempt to validate, which you don't want to
       do until the form has been submitted. Or you can use the 'posted' flag, to indicate
       whether or not to perform validation:

           $form->process( posted => ( $c->req->method eq 'POST' ), params => $c->req->params );

       Note that in Catalyst, there are 'query_parameters' and 'body_parameters'. The
       'parameters' contains both 'query_parameters' and 'body_parameters'.


       FormHandler Contributors - see HTML::FormHandler


       This software is copyright (c) 2017 by Gerda Shank.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.