Provided by: libhttp-cache-transparent-perl_1.4-1_all bug


       HTTP::Cache::Transparent - Cache the result of http get-requests persistently.


         use LWP::Simple;
         use HTTP::Cache::Transparent;

         HTTP::Cache::Transparent::init( {
           BasePath => '/tmp/cache',
         } );

         my $data = get( '' );


       An implementation of http get that keeps a local cache of fetched pages to avoid fetching
       the same data from the server if it hasn't been updated. The cache is stored on disk and
       is thus persistent between invocations.

       Uses the http-headers If-Modified-Since and ETag to let the server decide if the version
       in the cache is up-to-date or not.

       The cache is implemented by modifying the LWP::UserAgent class to seamlessly cache the
       result of all requests that can be cached.


       HTTP::Cache::Transparent provides an init-method that sets the parameters for the cache
       and overloads a method in LWP::UserAgent to activate the cache.After init has been called,
       the normal LWP-methods (LWP::Simple as well as the more full-fledged LWP::Request methods)
       should be used as usual.

           Initialize the HTTP cache. Takes a single parameter which is a hashref containing
           named arguments to the object.

             HTTP::Cache::Transparent::init( {

               # Directory to store the cache in.
               BasePath  => "/tmp/cache",

               # How many hours should items be kept in the cache
               # after they were last requested?
               # Default is 8*24.
               MaxAge    => 8*24,

               # Print progress-messages to STDERR.
               # Default is 0.
               Verbose   => 1,

               # If a request is made for a url that has been requested
               # from the server less than NoUpdate seconds ago, the
               # response will be generated from the cache without
               # contacting the server.
               # Default is 0.
               NoUpdate  => 15*60,

               # When a url has been downloaded and the response indicates that
               # has been modified compared to the content in the cache,
               # the ApproveContent callback is called with the HTTP::Response.
               # The callback shall return true if the response shall be used and
               # stored in the cache or false if the response shall be discarded
               # and the response in the cache used instead.
               # This mechanism can be used to work around servers that return errors
               # intermittently. The default is to accept all responses.
               ApproveContent => sub { return $_[0]->is_success },
            } );

           The directory where the cache is stored must be writable. It must also only contain
           files created by HTTP::Cache::Transparent.

       Initializing from use-line
           An alternative way of initializing HTTP::Cache::Transparent is to supply parameters in
           the use-line. This allows you to write

             use HTTP::Cache::Transparent ( BasePath => '/tmp/cache' );

           which is exactly equivalent to

             use HTTP::Cache::Transparent;
             HTTP::Cache::Transparent::init( BasePath => '/tmp/cache' );

           The advantage to using this method is that you can do

             perl -MHTTP::Cache::Transparent=BasePath,/tmp/cache

           or even set the environment variable PERL5OPT


           and have all the http-requests performed by go through the cache without


       The HTTP::Cache::Transparent inserts three special headers in the HTTP::Response object.
       These can be accessed via the HTTP::Response::header()-method.

           This header is inserted and set to 1 if the response is delivered from the cache
           instead of from the server.

           This header is inserted and set to 1 if the content returned is the same as the
           content returned the last time this url was fetched. This header is always inserted
           and set to 1 when the response is delivered from the cache.

           This header is inserted and set to 1 if the content returned has been delivered
           without any contact with the external server, i.e. no conditional or unconditional
           HTTP GET request has been sent, the content has been delivered directly from cache.
           This may be useful when seeking to control loading of the external server.


       This module has a number of limitations that you should be aware of before using it.

       -   There is no upper limit to how much diskspace the cache requires. The only limiting
           mechanism is that data for urls that haven't been requested in the last MaxAge hours
           will be removed from the cache the next time the program exits.

       -   Currently, only get-requests that store the result in memory (i.e. do not use the
           option to have the result stored directly in a file or delivered via a callback) is
           cached. I intend to remove this limitation in a future version.

       -   The support for Ranges is a bit primitive. It creates a new object in the cache for
           each unique combination of url and range. This will work ok as long as you always
           request the same range(s) for a url.

       -   The cache doesn't properly check and store all headers in the HTTP request and
           response. Therefore, if you request the same url repeatedly with different sets of
           headers (cookies, accept-encoding etc), and these headers affect the response from the
           server, the cache may return the wrong response.

       -   HTTP::Cache::Transparent has not been tested with threads, and will most likely not
           work if you use them.


       The cache is stored on disk as one file per cached object. The filename is equal to the
       md5sum of the url and the Range-header if it exists.  The file contains a set of
       key/value-pairs with metadata (one entry per line) followed by a blank line and then the
       actual data returned by the server.

       The last modified date of the cache file is set to the time when the cache object was last
       requested by a user.


       Mattias Holmlund, <$firstname -at- $lastname -dot- se> <>


       A git repository containing the source for this module can be found via


       Copyright (C) 2004-2007 by Mattias Holmlund

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.4 or, at your option, any later version of
       Perl 5 you may have available.