Provided by: libio-async-perl_0.72-1_all bug

NAME

       "IO::Async::Socket" - event callbacks and send buffering for a socket filehandle

SYNOPSIS

        use IO::Async::Socket;

        use IO::Async::Loop;
        my $loop = IO::Async::Loop->new;

        my $socket = IO::Async::Socket->new(
           on_recv => sub {
              my ( $self, $dgram, $addr ) = @_;

              print "Received reply: $dgram\n",
              $loop->stop;
           },
           on_recv_error => sub {
              my ( $self, $errno ) = @_;
              die "Cannot recv - $errno\n";
           },
        );
        $loop->add( $socket );

        $socket->connect(
           host     => "some.host.here",
           service  => "echo",
           socktype => 'dgram',
        )->get;

        $socket->send( "A TEST DATAGRAM" );

        $loop->run;

DESCRIPTION

       This subclass of IO::Async::Handle contains a socket filehandle. It provides a queue of
       outgoing data. It invokes the "on_recv" handler when new data is received from the
       filehandle. Data may be sent to the filehandle by calling the "send" method.

       It is primarily intended for "SOCK_DGRAM" or "SOCK_RAW" sockets (such as UDP or packet-
       capture); for "SOCK_STREAM" sockets (such as TCP) an instance of IO::Async::Stream is more
       appropriate.

EVENTS

       The following events are invoked, either using subclass methods or CODE references in
       parameters:

   on_recv $data, $addr
       Invoke on receipt of a packet, datagram, or stream segment.

       The "on_recv" handler is invoked once for each packet, datagram, or stream segment that is
       received. It is passed the data itself, and the sender's address.

   on_recv_error $errno
       Optional. Invoked when the "recv" method on the receiving handle fails.

   on_send_error $errno
       Optional. Invoked when the "send" method on the sending handle fails.

       The "on_recv_error" and "on_send_error" handlers are passed the value of $! at the time
       the error occurred. (The $! variable itself, by its nature, may have changed from the
       original error by the time this handler runs so it should always use the value passed in).

       If an error occurs when the corresponding error callback is not supplied, and there is not
       a subclass method for it, then the "close" method is called instead.

   on_outgoing_empty
       Optional. Invoked when the sending data buffer becomes empty.

PARAMETERS

       The following named parameters may be passed to "new" or "configure":

   read_handle => IO
       The IO handle to receive from. Must implement "fileno" and "recv" methods.

   write_handle => IO
       The IO handle to send to. Must implement "fileno" and "send" methods.

   handle => IO
       Shortcut to specifying the same IO handle for both of the above.

   on_recv => CODE
   on_recv_error => CODE
   on_outgoing_empty => CODE
   on_send_error => CODE
   autoflush => BOOL
       Optional. If true, the "send" method will atempt to send data to the operating system
       immediately, without waiting for the loop to indicate the filehandle is write-ready.

   recv_len => INT
       Optional. Sets the buffer size for "recv" calls. Defaults to 64 KiB.

   recv_all => BOOL
       Optional. If true, repeatedly call "recv" when the receiving handle first becomes read-
       ready. By default this is turned off, meaning at most one fixed-size buffer is received.
       If there is still more data in the kernel's buffer, the handle will stil be readable, and
       will be received from again.

       This behaviour allows multiple streams and sockets to be multiplexed simultaneously,
       meaning that a large bulk transfer on one cannot starve other filehandles of processing
       time. Turning this option on may improve bulk data transfer rate, at the risk of delaying
       or stalling processing on other filehandles.

   send_all => INT
       Optional. Analogous to the "recv_all" option, but for sending. When "autoflush" is
       enabled, this option only affects deferred sending if the initial attempt failed.

       The condition requiring an "on_recv" handler is checked at the time the object is added to
       a Loop; it is allowed to create a "IO::Async::Socket" object with a read handle but
       without a "on_recv" handler, provided that one is later given using "configure" before the
       stream is added to its containing Loop, either directly or by being a child of another
       Notifier already in a Loop, or added to one.

METHODS

   send
          $socket->send( $data, $flags, $addr )

       This method adds a segment of data to be sent, or sends it immediately, according to the
       "autoflush" parameter. $flags and $addr are optional.

       If the "autoflush" option is set, this method will try immediately to send the data to the
       underlying filehandle, optionally using the given flags and destination address. If this
       completes successfully then it will have been sent by the time this method returns. If it
       fails to send, then the data is queued as if "autoflush" were not set, and will be flushed
       as normal.

EXAMPLES

   Send-first on a UDP Socket
       "UDP" is carried by the "SOCK_DGRAM" socket type, for which the string 'dgram' is a
       convenient shortcut:

        $socket->connect(
           host     => $hostname,
           service  => $service,
           socktype => 'dgram',
           ...
        )

   Receive-first on a UDP Socket
       A typical server pattern with "UDP" involves binding a well-known port number instead of
       connecting to one, and waiting on incoming packets.

        $socket->bind(
           service  => 12345,
           socktype => 'dgram',
        )->get;

SEE ALSO

       ยท   IO::Handle - Supply object methods for I/O handles

AUTHOR

       Paul Evans <leonerd@leonerd.org.uk>