Provided by: libio-epoll-perl_0.03-2build5_amd64 bug

NAME

       IO::Epoll - Scalable IO Multiplexing for Linux 2.5.44 and higher

SYNOPSIS

           # Low level interface
           use IO::Epoll;

           $epfd = epoll_create(10);

           epoll_ctl($epfd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, fileno STDIN, EPOLLIN) >= 0
               || die "epoll_ctl: $!\n";
           epoll_ctl($epfd, ...);

           $events = epoll_wait($epfd, 10, 1000); # Max 10 events returned, 1s timeout

           # High level IO::Poll emulation layer
           use IO::EPoll qw(:compat);

           $poll = new IO::Epoll;

           $poll->mask($input_handle => POLLIN);
           $poll->mask($output_handle => POLLOUT);

           $poll->poll($timeout);

           $ev = $poll->events($input);

DESCRIPTION

       The epoll(4) subsystem is a new, (currently) Linux-specific variant of poll(2).  It is
       designed to offer O(1) scalability over large numbers of watched file descriptors.  You
       will need at least version 2.5.44 of Linux to use this module, and you might need to
       upgrade your C library.

       The epoll(2) API comprises four system calls: epoll_create(2), epoll_ctl(2), epoll_wait(2)
       and epoll_pwait(2).  "IO::Epoll" provides a low-level API which closely matches the
       underlying system calls.  It also provides a higher-level layer designed to emulate the
       behavior of "IO::Poll" and "IO::Ppoll".

LOW-LEVEL API

   epoll_create
       Create a new "epoll" file descriptor by requesting the kernel allocate an event backing
       store dimensioned for "size" descriptors.  The size is not the maximum size of the backing
       store but just a hint to the kernel about how to dimension internal structures.  The
       returned file descriptor will be used for all the subsequent calls to the "epoll"
       interface.  The file descriptor returned by "epoll_create" must be closed by using
       "POSIX::close".

           $epfd = epoll_create(15);
           ...
           POSIX::close($epfd);

       When successful, "epoll_create" returns a positive integer identifying the descriptor.
       When an error occurs, "epoll_create" returns -1 and errno is set appropriately.

   epoll_ctl
       Control an "epoll" descriptor, $epfd, by requesting the operation op be performed on the
       target file descriptor, fd.

         $ret = epoll_ctl($epfd, $op, $fd, $eventmask)

       $epfd is an "epoll" descriptor returned from "epoll_create".

       $op is one of "EPOLL_CTL_ADD", "EPOLL_CTL_MOD" or "EPOLL_CTL_DEL".

       $fd is the file desciptor to be watched.

       $eventmask is a bitmask of events defined by "EPOLLIN", "EPOLLOUT", etc.

       When successful, "epoll_ctl" returns 0.  When an error occurs, "epoll_ctl" returns -1 and
       errno is set appropriately.

   epoll_wait
       Wait for events on the "epoll" file descriptor $epfd.

         $ret = epoll_wait($epfd, $maxevents, $timeout)

       $epfd is an "epoll" descriptor returned from "epoll_create".

       $maxevents is an integer specifying the maximum number of events to be returned.

       $timeout is a timeout, in milliseconds

       When successful, "epoll_wait" returns a reference to an array of events.  Each event is a
       two element array, the first element being the file descriptor which triggered the event,
       and the second is the mask of event types triggered.  For example, if "epoll_wait"
       returned the following data structure:

           [
             [ 0, EPOLLIN ],
             [ 6, EPOLLOUT | EPOLLIN ]
           ]

       then file descriptor 0 would be ready for reading, and fd 4 would be ready for both
       reading and writing.

       On error, "epoll_wait" returns undef and sets "errno" appropriately.

   epoll_pwait
       Wait for events on the "epoll" file descriptor $epfd.

         $ret = epoll_pwait($epfd, $maxevents, $timeout, $sigmask)

       Identical to "epoll_wait", except that the kernel will atomically swap the current signal
       mask for the process to that supplied in $sigmask, wait for events, then restore it to
       what it was originally. The $sigmask parameter should be undef, or an instance of
       "POSIX::SigSet".

HIGH LEVEL API

       IO::Epoll provides an object oriented API designed to be a drop-in replacement for
       IO::Poll.  See the documentation for that module for more information.

METHODS

       mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] )
           If EVENT_MASK is given, then, if EVENT_MASK is non-zero, IO is added to the list of
           file descriptors and the next call to poll will check for any event specified in
           EVENT_MASK. If EVENT_MASK is zero then IO will be removed from the list of file
           descriptors.

           If EVENT_MASK is not given then the return value will be the current event mask value
           for IO.

       poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] )
           Call the system level poll routine. If TIMEOUT is not specified then the call will
           block. Returns the number of handles which had events happen, or -1 on error. TIMEOUT
           is in seconds and may be fractional.

       events ( IO )
           Returns the event mask which represents the events that happend on IO during the last
           call to "poll".

       remove ( IO )
           Remove IO from the list of file descriptors for the next poll.

       handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )
           Returns a list of handles. If EVENT_MASK is not given then a list of all handles known
           will be returned. If EVENT_MASK is given then a list of handles will be returned which
           had one of the events specified by EVENT_MASK happen during the last call ti "poll"

IO::Ppoll METHODS

       IO::Epoll also provides methods compatible with IO::Ppoll. When any of these methods are
       called, the IO::Epoll object switches up to IO::Ppoll-compatible mode, and will use the
       epoll_pwait(2) system call when the "poll" method is invoked.

       sigmask
           Returns the "POSIX::SigSet" object in which the signal mask is stored. Since this is a
           reference to the object used in the call to epoll_pwait(2), any modifications made to
           it will be reflected in the signal mask given to the system call.

       sigmask_add ( SIGNALS )
           Adds the given signals to the signal mask. These signals will be blocked during the
           "poll" call.

       sigmask_del ( SIGNALS )
           Removes the given signals from the signal mask. These signals will not be blocked
           during the "poll" call, and may be delivered while "poll" is waiting.

       sigmask_ismember ( SIGNAL )
           Tests if the given signal is present in the signal mask.

Exportable constants

       Exported by default:

         EPOLLERR
         EPOLLET
         EPOLLHUP
         EPOLLIN
         EPOLLMSG
         EPOLLOUT
         EPOLLPRI
         EPOLLRDBAND
         EPOLLRDNORM
         EPOLLWRBAND
         EPOLLWRNORM
         EPOLL_CTL_ADD
         EPOLL_CTL_DEL
         EPOLL_CTL_MOD

       Exported by the :compat tag:

         POLLNVAL
         POLLIN
         POLLOUT
         POLLERR
         POLLHUP
         POLLPRI
         POLLRDNORM
         POLLWRNORM
         POLLRDBAND
         POLLWRBAND

SEE ALSO

       "IO::Poll" "IO::Select" "IO::Ppoll" epoll(4) epoll_create(2) epoll_ctl(2) epoll_wait(2)
       epoll_pwait(2)

AUTHOR

       Bruce J Keeler, <bruce@gridpoint.com>

CREDITS

       The "IO::Poll" compatibility code borrows heavily from the "IO::Poll" code itself, which
       was written by Graham Barr.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Copyright (C) 2004 by Bruce J. Keeler Portions Copyright (C) 1997-8 Graham Barr
       <gbarr@pobox.com>

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.