Provided by: libimage-info-perl_1.41-1_all bug


       Image::Info - Extract meta information from image files


        use Image::Info qw(image_info dim);

        my $info = image_info("image.jpg");
        if (my $error = $info->{error}) {
            die "Can't parse image info: $error\n";
        my $color = $info->{color_type};

        my $type = image_type("image.jpg");
        if (my $error = $type->{error}) {
            die "Can't determine file type: $error\n";
        die "No gif files allowed!" if $type->{file_type} eq 'GIF';

        my($w, $h) = dim($info);


       This module provides functions to extract various kinds of meta information from image

       Exports nothing by default, but can export the following methods on request:


       The following functions are provided by the "Image::Info" module:

       image_info( $file )
       image_info( \$imgdata )
       image_info( $file, key => value,... )
           This function takes the name of a file or a file handle as argument and will return
           one or more hashes (actually hash references) describing the images inside the file.
           If there is only one image in the file only one hash is returned.  In scalar context,
           only the hash for the first image is returned.

           In case of error, a hash containing the "error" key will be returned.  The
           corresponding value will be an appropriate error message.

           If a reference to a scalar is passed as an argument to this function, then it is
           assumed that this scalar contains the raw image data directly.

           The "image_info()" function also take optional key/value style arguments that can
           influence what information is returned.

       image_type( $file )
       image_type( \$imgdata )
           Returns a hash with only one key, "file_type". The value will be the type of the file.
           On error, sets the two keys "error" and "Errno".

           This function is a dramatically faster alternative to the image_info function for
           situations in which you only need to find the image type.

           It uses only the internal file-type detection to do this, and thus does not need to
           load any of the image type-specific driver modules, and does not access to entire
           file. It also only needs access to the first 11 bytes of the file.

           To maintain some level of compatibility with image_info, image_type returns in the
           same format, with the same error message style. That is, it returns a HASH reference,
           with the "$type->{error}" key set if there was an error.

           On success, the HASH reference will contain the single key "file_type", which
           represents the type of the file, expressed as the type code used for the various
           drivers ('GIF', 'JPEG', 'TIFF' and so on).

           If there are multiple images within the file they will be ignored, as this function
           provides only the type of the overall file, not of the various images within it. This
           function will not return multiple hashes if the file contains multiple images.

           Of course, in all (or at least effectively all) cases the type of the images inside
           the file is going to be the same as that of the file itself.

       dim( $info_hash )
           Takes an hash as returned from "image_info()" and returns the dimensions ($width,
           $height) of the image.  In scalar context returns the dimensions as a string.

       html_dim( $info_hash )
           Returns the dimensions as a string suitable for embedding directly into HTML or SVG
           <img>-tags. E.g.:

              print "<img src="..." @{[html_dim($info)]}>\n";

       determine_file_format( $filedata )
           Determines the file format from the passed file data (a normal Perl scalar containing
           the first bytes of the file), and returns either undef for an unknown file format, or
           a string describing the format, like "BMP" or "JPEG".

Image descriptions

       The "image_info()" function returns meta information about each image in the form of a
       reference to a hash.  The hash keys used are in most cases based on the TIFF element
       names.  All lower case keys are mandatory for all file formats and will always be there
       unless an error occurred (in which case the "error" key will be present.)  Mixed case keys
       will only be present when the corresponding information element is available in the image.

       The following key names are common for any image format:

           This is the MIME type that is appropriate for the given file format.  The
           corresponding value is a string like: "image/png" or "image/jpeg".

           The is the suggested file name extension for a file of the given file format.  The
           value is a 3 letter, lowercase string like "png", "jpg".

           This is the number of pixels horizontally in the image.

           This is the number of pixels vertically in the image.  (TIFF uses the name ImageLength
           for this field.)

           The value is a short string describing what kind of values the pixels encode.  The
           value can be one of the following:


           These names can also be prefixed by "Indexed-" if the image is composed of indexes
           into a palette.  Of these, only "Indexed-RGB" is likely to occur.

           It is similar to the TIFF field "PhotometricInterpretation", but this name was found
           to be too long, so we used the PNG inspired term instead.

           The value of this field normally gives the physical size of the image on screen or
           paper. When the unit specifier is missing then this field denotes the squareness of
           pixels in the image.

           The syntax of this field is:

              <res> <unit>
              <xres> "/" <yres> <unit>
              <xres> "/" <yres>

           The <res>, <xres> and <yres> fields are numbers.  The <unit> is a string like "dpi",
           "dpm" or "dpcm" (denoting "dots per inch/cm/meter).

           This says how many channels there are in the image.  For some image formats this
           number might be higher than the number implied from the "color_type".

           This says how many bits are used to encode each of samples.  The value is a reference
           to an array containing numbers. The number of elements in the array should be the same
           as "SamplesPerPixel".

           Textual comments found in the file.  The value is a reference to an array if there are
           multiple comments found.

           If the image is interlaced, then this tells which interlace method is used.

           This tells you which compression algorithm is used.

           A number.

           A ISO date string

Supported Image Formats

       The following image file formats are supported:

       BMP This module supports the Microsoft Device Independent Bitmap format (BMP, DIB, RLE).

           For more information see Image::Info::BMP.

       GIF Both GIF87a and GIF89a are supported and the version number is found as "GIF_Version"
           for the first image.  GIF files can contain multiple images, and information for all
           images will be returned if image_info() is called in list context.  The Netscape-2.0
           extension to loop animation sequences is represented by the "GIF_Loop" key for the
           first image.  The value is either "forever" or a number indicating loop count.

       ICO This module supports the Microsoft Windows Icon Resource format (.ico).

           For JPEG files we extract information both from "JFIF" and "Exif" application chunks.

           "Exif" is the file format written by most digital cameras. This encode things like
           timestamp, camera model, focal length, exposure time, aperture, flash usage, GPS
           position, etc.

           The "Exif" spec can be found at: <>.

           The "color_type" element may have the following values: "Gray", "YCbCr", and "CMYK".
           Note that detecting "RGB" and "YCCK" currently does not work, but will hopefully in

       PNG Information from IHDR, PLTE, gAMA, pHYs, tEXt, tIME chunks are extracted.  The
           sequence of chunks are also given by the "PNG_Chunks" key.

           All information available is extracted.

       SVG Provides a plethora of attributes and metadata of an SVG vector graphic.

           The "TIFF" spec can be found at: <>

           The EXIF spec can be found at: <>

           wbmp files have no magic, so cannot be used with the normal Image::Info functions. See
           Image::Info::WBMP for more information.

       XBM See Image::Info::XBM for details.

       XPM See Image::Info::XPM for details.


       While this module is fine for parsing basic image information like image type, dimensions
       and color depth, it is probably not good enough for parsing out more advanced information
       like EXIF data. If you want an up-to-date and tested EXIF parsing library, please use


       Image::Size, Image::ExifTool


       Copyright 1999-2004 Gisle Aas.

       See the CREDITS file for a list of contributors and authors.

       Tels - (c) 2006 - 2008.

       Current maintainer: Slaven Rezic - (c) 2008 - 2015.


       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl v5.8.8 itself.