Provided by: libbson-doc_1.13.1-1_all
bson_oid - ObjectIDs Libbson provides a simple way to generate ObjectIDs. It can be used in a single-threaded or multi-threaded manner depending on your requirements. The bson_oid_t structure represents an ObjectID in MongoDB. It is a 96-bit identifier that includes various information about the system generating the OID.
· 4 bytes : The UNIX timestamp in big-endian format. · 3 bytes : A hash of the hostname. · 2 bytes : The pid_t of the current process. Alternatively the task-id if configured. · 3 bytes : A 24-bit monotonic counter incrementing from rand() in big-endian.
The typical way to sort in C is using qsort(). Therefore, Libbson provides a qsort() compatible callback function named bson_oid_compare(). It returns less than 1, greater than 1, or 0 depending on the equality of two bson_oid_t structures.
COMPARING OBJECT IDS
If you simply want to compare two bson_oid_t structures for equality, use bson_oid_equal().
To generate a bson_oid_t, you may use the following. bson_oid_t oid; bson_oid_init (&oid, NULL);
PARSING OBJECTID STRINGS
You can also parse a string containing a bson_oid_t. The input string MUST be 24 characters or more in length. bson_oid_t oid; bson_oid_init_from_string (&oid, "123456789012345678901234"); If you need to parse may bson_oid_t in a tight loop and can guarantee the data is safe, you might consider using the inline variant. It will be inlined into your code and reduce the need for a foreign function call. bson_oid_t oid; bson_oid_init_from_string_unsafe (&oid, "123456789012345678901234");
If you need to store items in a hashtable, you may want to use the bson_oid_t as the key. Libbson provides a hash function for just this purpose. It is based on DJB hash. unsigned hash; hash = bson_oid_hash (oid);
FETCHING OBJECTID CREATION TIME
You can easily fetch the time that a bson_oid_t was generated using bson_oid_get_time_t(). time_t t; t = bson_oid_get_time_t (oid); printf ("The OID was generated at %u\n", (unsigned) t);
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